Ch. 13 Islam
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Ch. 13 Islam






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    Ch. 13 Islam Ch. 13 Islam Presentation Transcript

    • Islam Chapter 13
      • Islam = Submission to God
      • Believers in Islam are called Muslims
      • The prophet Muhammad’s religious message resonated deeply with Arabs
      • North Africa, Middle East, parts of Spain, India and Central Asia were converted to Islam.
      • Chief building for Muslim worship is a mosque
      • Was a very popular religion along the Arabian peninsula early 7 th century
    • Impact of Islam
      • Islam – Arabia, India, Spain – appealed to many converts
      • A love of lyrics and poetry are seen throughout their culture
      • Arab scholars laid foundations of arithmetic and algebra
      • Islam spread quickly, impacted western medieval art
      • Controlled by political governors called Caliph’s
    • Dome of the Rock
    • Dome of the Rock 687-691 –Jerusalem
      • Domed wooden octagon
      • Celebrates a new religion coming to the city
      • Muslims took columns from Roman monuments
      • 3 different interpretations – Adam’s burial, Abraham’s sacrifice and Muhammad's journey to heaven
      • Like San Vitale
      • Wooden dome
    • Great Mosque 706ce Syria Heavy Roman Influence
      • Capital was moved from Mecca to Damascus, Syria
      • Bought a Byzantine church, built a Mosque for the rising Muslim population
      • Similar to early Christian and Roman Art
    • Minaret – a tall slender Column used to call people to prayer
    • The Great Mosque 836ce Tunisa 836CE What type of hall layout is this?
    • Details in a Mosque
      • Qibla – a wall which is in the direction towards Mecca
      • Prayer is communal and private
      • Mihrab – niche in the wall (popular with Rome when inclosing a sculpture)
    • Mosaic in the Courtyard Roman, Byzantine and early christian art influence
    • Umayyad Palace – Mshatta Jordan 740ad
      • Elaborate Mosaics are inside these Mosques.
      • Clusters of horses, rivers, vegetation on secular side
      • Mosque side has no patterns
    • Minaret of The Great Mosque Samarra, Iraq 848 ce What does this tower remind you of ?
    • Mausoleum of the Samanids, Bukhara, 10 th Century
      • How did they bury their dead?
      • - they created a Mausoleum
      • Dome on cube arch.
      • Brick squinches
    • Prayer hall of the Great Mosque, 8 th Cordoba,Spain -Double tiered arches, carried a wooden roof -Hypostyle Prayer Hall -Hall becomes light and airy -Columns recycled from ancient Roman Sculptures
    • Maqsura of the Great mosque – Corboba, Spain 961ce
    • Dome in front of the mirhab of the Great Mosque
      • Ribs and squinches
      • Intricate , 45 degree angles
    • Confronting lions and palm tree, fragment of a textile – 8 th century
      • Zoomorphic
      • Animals run across between the roundels
    • -Calligraphers are the most respected artists and are the highest form of art in the Islamic world -words on the walls of buildings Koran Page 18 -9 th and 10 th Century
    • Later Islamic Art –Muqarnas dome – 1354-1391, Granada Spain
      • Hall of the two sisters
      • Rose color
      • Octangular dome
      • Stucco decoration
      • Dome of heaven
      • Light
      • Palace residence of Muhammad V
      • Islamic Capital moved to Egypt.
      • Largest Muslim city of the late middle ages
      • Sultan Hasan a prolific builder of Islamic history.
    • Madrasa and Mausoleum for Sultan Hasan, Cairo Egypt 1356
      • Madrasa - place of study to learn Islamic Law
      • 4 colleges, mosque, mausoleum, orphanage and hospital, baths, shops
      • Incorporates religious, educational and charitable functions
      • Large central courtyard
      • White building
    • Sultan Hasan Mosque
      • Iwan
    • Sinan, interior of the Mosque of Slelim II Turkey – Outshined Christians?
    • Sultan Muhammad – The court of the Gayumars – watercolor and gold on paper – 1525 - Iran