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Ch. 13 Islam
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Ch. 13 Islam

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  • 1. Islam Chapter 13
  • 2.
    • Islam = Submission to God
    • Believers in Islam are called Muslims
    • The prophet Muhammad’s religious message resonated deeply with Arabs
    • North Africa, Middle East, parts of Spain, India and Central Asia were converted to Islam.
    • Chief building for Muslim worship is a mosque
    • Was a very popular religion along the Arabian peninsula early 7 th century
  • 3. Impact of Islam
    • Islam – Arabia, India, Spain – appealed to many converts
    • A love of lyrics and poetry are seen throughout their culture
    • Arab scholars laid foundations of arithmetic and algebra
    • Islam spread quickly, impacted western medieval art
    • Controlled by political governors called Caliph’s
  • 4. Dome of the Rock
  • 5. Dome of the Rock 687-691 –Jerusalem
    • Domed wooden octagon
    • Celebrates a new religion coming to the city
    • Muslims took columns from Roman monuments
    • 3 different interpretations – Adam’s burial, Abraham’s sacrifice and Muhammad's journey to heaven
    • Like San Vitale
    • Wooden dome
  • 6. Great Mosque 706ce Syria Heavy Roman Influence
  • 7.
    • Capital was moved from Mecca to Damascus, Syria
    • Bought a Byzantine church, built a Mosque for the rising Muslim population
    • Similar to early Christian and Roman Art
  • 8. Minaret – a tall slender Column used to call people to prayer
  • 9. The Great Mosque 836ce Tunisa 836CE What type of hall layout is this?
  • 10. Details in a Mosque
    • Qibla – a wall which is in the direction towards Mecca
    • Prayer is communal and private
    • Mihrab – niche in the wall (popular with Rome when inclosing a sculpture)
  • 11. Mosaic in the Courtyard Roman, Byzantine and early christian art influence
  • 12. Umayyad Palace – Mshatta Jordan 740ad
    • Elaborate Mosaics are inside these Mosques.
    • Clusters of horses, rivers, vegetation on secular side
    • Mosque side has no patterns
  • 13. Minaret of The Great Mosque Samarra, Iraq 848 ce What does this tower remind you of ?
  • 14. Mausoleum of the Samanids, Bukhara, 10 th Century
    • How did they bury their dead?
    • - they created a Mausoleum
    • Dome on cube arch.
    • Brick squinches
  • 15. Prayer hall of the Great Mosque, 8 th Cordoba,Spain -Double tiered arches, carried a wooden roof -Hypostyle Prayer Hall -Hall becomes light and airy -Columns recycled from ancient Roman Sculptures
  • 16.  
  • 17. Maqsura of the Great mosque – Corboba, Spain 961ce
  • 18. Dome in front of the mirhab of the Great Mosque
    • Ribs and squinches
    • Intricate , 45 degree angles
  • 19. Confronting lions and palm tree, fragment of a textile – 8 th century
    • Zoomorphic
    • Animals run across between the roundels
  • 20. -Calligraphers are the most respected artists and are the highest form of art in the Islamic world -words on the walls of buildings Koran Page 18 -9 th and 10 th Century
  • 21. Later Islamic Art –Muqarnas dome – 1354-1391, Granada Spain
    • Hall of the two sisters
    • Rose color
    • Octangular dome
    • Stucco decoration
    • Dome of heaven
    • Light
    • Palace residence of Muhammad V
  • 22.  
  • 23.
    • Islamic Capital moved to Egypt.
    • Largest Muslim city of the late middle ages
    • Sultan Hasan a prolific builder of Islamic history.
  • 24. Madrasa and Mausoleum for Sultan Hasan, Cairo Egypt 1356
    • Madrasa - place of study to learn Islamic Law
    • 4 colleges, mosque, mausoleum, orphanage and hospital, baths, shops
    • Incorporates religious, educational and charitable functions
    • Large central courtyard
    • White building
  • 25. http://www.touregypt.net/featurestories/hassanmosque.htm Sultan Hasan Mosque
  • 26.
    • Iwan
  • 27.  
  • 28. Sinan, interior of the Mosque of Slelim II Turkey – Outshined Christians?
  • 29. Sultan Muhammad – The court of the Gayumars – watercolor and gold on paper – 1525 - Iran

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