Edited by Karen E. Fisher, Sanda Erdelez, and Lynne McKechnie. Copyright 2005 by American Society for Information Science and Technology. ASIST monograph. Collaborative work of the information behavior community. Purpose of book = facilitate theory building and use. Researcher’s guide.
A practical overview of the 72 current conceptual frameworks in Information Science. Both newly proposed and well-established. International effort by 85 scholars from 10 countries. Each entry follows a similar format. Alpha order by theory name.
Would communication theories be included in the 31% social sciences?
As defined in this book: How people need, seek, manage, give, and use information in contexts.
My goal was to organize the theories conceptually (as opposed to alpha order). Why? To clarify conceptually what’s been done and what’s missing. Methods: Read the preface and three introductory papers. Read each entry. Create an index card for each entry. Name of theory and key points. Brainstorm concepts/variables. Arrange the theories conceptually.
Limits: Misinterpretation of theories or terms. More than one way to classify each theory (subjective). How to define the terms for consistent use (operationalize) . Construct validity. Time restraints.
Example theories include: Everyday: Practice of everyday life; Chatman’s life in the round, Serious leisure Work/task: Information activities in work tasks; Cognitive work analysis, General model of information seeking of professionals Functional: Optimal foraging, Principle of least effort
Examples: Intentional: Information intents, Monitoring and blunting, PAIN hypothesis Accidental: Information encountering, Ecological theory of human information behavior, Information acquiring-and-sharing
Cognitive: Taylor’s question-negotiation, Anomalous states of knowledge (ASK) Social / Constructionist: Vygotsky’s zone of proximal development, strength of weak ties, social positioning Affective: Library anxiety, Flow theory, Affective load
System: Value sensitive DESIGN (could also be user-centered as it relates to a person’s values – open to discussion) User: Willingness to return, Phenomenography, Reader response theory
Linear: Kuhlthau’s information search process, Dervin’s sense making, Big6 skills for information literacy Non-linear: Nonlinear information seeking, Berrypicking (or is it linear??)
Web: World wide web information seeking, Web information behavior’s of organizational workers, Network gatekeeping
Queries: Imposed query, Elicitation as micro-level information seeking Critical: symbolic violence, Chatman’s information poverty
Diffusion theory, Trans-theoretical model of health behavior change, Archival intelligence
Overview – summarize what’s been done.
Looked at too may variables at one time. Hard to see what’s missing! Personal information management Domain specific Empirical validation of some of the theories Test some of the theories with specific groups of people Question asking Info exchange and sharing
Control variables for consideration – not so many at once. Consider one variable at a time, i.e. user vs. system-oriented or by viewpoints. Try different arrangements.
Theories of Information Behavior
Presentation by Lisa M. Metzer Sept. 13, 2010 CCI 610
Purpose <ul><li>Explore the 72 conceptual frameworks in I.S. </li></ul><ul><li>Consider: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>What have we learned? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>What’s missing? </li></ul></ul>
Concepts <ul><li>Context/Situation </li></ul><ul><li>Intentional vs. Accidental </li></ul><ul><li>Viewpoint – Cognitive, Social, Affective, Behavioral </li></ul><ul><li>System vs. User </li></ul><ul><li>Process: Linear vs. Nonlinear </li></ul><ul><li>Web/Digital </li></ul><ul><li>Queries </li></ul><ul><li>Critical </li></ul><ul><li>Other </li></ul>