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Lisahistory: The Late Middle Ages
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Lisahistory: The Late Middle Ages

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Lecture on the Late Middle Ages by Professor Lisa M. Lane, MiraCosta College. CC 2008. (Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-ShareAlike licensed.) …

Lecture on the Late Middle Ages by Professor Lisa M. Lane, MiraCosta College. CC 2008. (Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-ShareAlike licensed.)

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  • 1. The Late Middle Ages Francesco Triani. Triumph of Death (detail). Ca. 1350. Wealthy folks fleeing the city. http://faculty.etsu.edu/kortumr/17latemiddleages/htmdescriptionpages/02death .htm
  • 2. Climate Change and Famine (c. 1300) http://staffwww.fullcoll.edu/tmorris/elements_of_ecology/chapter_3. htm http://www.agu.org/history/sv/BREUG.html
  • 3. Bubonic -> Pneumonic Plague Good website -- http://www.insecta-inspecta.com/fleas/bdeath/bdeath.html http://www.historyguide.org/ancient/bdmap.htm http://neatorama.cachefly.net/images/2007-02/black-death.jpg l
  • 4. Reactions http://www.historylearningsite.co.uk/black_death_of_1348_to_1350. htm http://darklondon.files.wordpress.com/2007/07/wedding-breugel.jpg Countless times, it happened that two priests going forth with a cross to bury someone were joined by three or four biers carried behind by bearers, so that whereas the priests thought they had one corpse to bury, they found themselves with six, eight, or even more. Nor were these dead honored with tears, candles or mourners. It had come to such a pass that men who died were shown no more concern than dead goats today. Boccaccio The Decameron flagellants
  • 5. Changes in art http://www.logoi.com/pastimages/img/death_3.jpg http://www.curiousexpeditions.org/Holbein-death. png http://www.metmuseum.org/toah/images/h2/h2_61.200.1. jpg http://www.richardiiigloucester.co.uk/news.html memento mori
  • 6. Decline in Church Prestige: worshippers http://www.rosaryprayerguide. com/Steps-to-Praying-the-Rosary http://blog.siena.org/uploaded_images/192576~St-Catherine-of-Siena-Posters-724323.jpg Mechanical Piety example: rosary Mysticism example: St. Catherine of Siena Hail Mary, full of grace, the Lord is with thee; blessed art thou among women, and blessed is the fruit of thy womb, Jesus. Holy Mary, Mother of God, pray for us sinners, now and at the hour of our death. Amen. The soul, who is lifted by a very great and yearning desire for the honor of God and the salvation of souls, begins by exercising herself, for a certain space of time, in the ordinary virtues, remaining in the cell of self-knowledge, in order to know better the goodness of God towards her.
  • 7. Decline in Church Prestige: politics http://sbeshonertor.files.wordpress.com/2008/06/itunespalais. jpg http://www.seattlecatholic.com/images/articles/western-schism. jpg http://wps.ablongman.com/wps/media/objects/262/268312/art/figures/KISH219. jpg http://www.kblptimeline.com/france14.htm Babylonian Captivity (Avignon Papacy) 1309-1377 Great Schism 1377-1414 Urban VI (Rome) Clement VII (Avignon)
  • 8. Rising expections -> Peasant Revolts http://www.herodote.net/Images/Jacquerie2.jpg http://www.executedtoday.com/images/Jacquerie_beheading.jpg Thus they gathered together without any other counsel, and without any armour saving with staves and knives, and so went to the house of a knight dwelling thereby, and brake up his house and slew the knight and the lady and all his children great and small and brent his house. And they then went to another castle, and took the knight thereof and bound him fast to a stake, and then violated his wife and his daughter before his face and then slew the lady and his daughter and all his other children, and then slew the knight by great torment and burnt and beat down the castle. Froissart on the Jacquerie, 1358
  • 9. Hundred Years War (1337-1453) http://www.paradoxplace.com/Perspectives/Maps/Images/100-Years-War-BR. jpg http://www.theage.com.au/ffximage/2006/02/14/svJOAN_narrowweb__300x375,0.jpg