Design Thinking
The Hill School
December 2013
Innovation
• Design Thinking for Educators Toolkit from
IDEO
Human Centered Design Toolkit from IDEO
Design Thinking
Design Thinking
Design Thinking
Framing: Design Thinking
Design Thinking

Build to think and launch to learn.
• What is a project you can create for your
classroom that will incorporate the TPACK
model?
Discovery

?

bias

Viability,
Feasibility,
Desirability
Discovery Steps
1.
2.

3.
4.

spend some time identifying your own feelings on this challenge. Do you
think it needs to be...
Grouping
Insights
How
Might
We?

Interpretation
Design Thinking Exercise
In the traditional Design Thinking sequence, the
discovery stage also includes extensive research...
Brainstorming

Ideation

Defer
Judgment

Cluster
Design Thinking Exercise
Ideation Stage: In this stage, the sky is the limit. Sometimes that can be the challenge in itsel...
Test
against
constraints

Formalize

Iteration
Design Thinking Exercise
Iteration Stage: Here is where you take your ideas and start to
formulate concrete solutions to t...
Integrate
Feedback

Evolution

Rebuild

Make
Changes

Define
Success
Design Thinking Prototyping
Design Thinking Exercise
Evolution Stage: Once you have one or two solid ideas, it is
time to test them out and see if the...
Design Thinking Exercise

Sharing
Discovery

Emerging

Developing

Proficient

Accomplished

Bias is limited in explanation.

Bias is identified, but not
su...
Interpretation
Grouping of info

Diagram

Insights

How Might We

Emerging
Grouping of info is
limited and shows no
attemp...
Ideation

Clustering

Developing
Brainstorming is
adequate, but ideas
are traditional. Little
risk is taken.

Proficient
B...
Iteration
Testing Ideas

Create

Formalize

Emerging
Idea is not tested
against all
constraints.

Developing
Idea is teste...
Evolution
Integrate Feedback

Emerging
Insufficient feedback is
elicited.

Developing
Feedback is elicited, but
scope of f...
Design thinking the hill school
Design thinking the hill school
Design thinking the hill school
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Design thinking the hill school

  1. 1. Design Thinking The Hill School December 2013
  2. 2. Innovation
  3. 3. • Design Thinking for Educators Toolkit from IDEO Human Centered Design Toolkit from IDEO
  4. 4. Design Thinking
  5. 5. Design Thinking
  6. 6. Design Thinking
  7. 7. Framing: Design Thinking
  8. 8. Design Thinking Build to think and launch to learn.
  9. 9. • What is a project you can create for your classroom that will incorporate the TPACK model?
  10. 10. Discovery ? bias Viability, Feasibility, Desirability
  11. 11. Discovery Steps 1. 2. 3. 4. spend some time identifying your own feelings on this challenge. Do you think it needs to be addressed? Why or why not? It is important to begin your work fully understanding your own bias. Establish constraints: while it would be nice to think that the sky is the limit, there are always limits imposed by the environment where the challenge is found. Be sure to examine the viability, feasibility and desirability limits that exist surrounding your challenge. Frame the challenge: Once you have looked at the constraints and your thoughts, formally articulate what your group sees as the challenge. This should be a sentence or so in length to avoid any confusion. Select appropriate methods: There are quite a few tools available to you in this stage including: individual interview, group interview, in-context immersion (observation), self-documentation, community-driven discovery, expert interviews, seeking inspiration in new places, empathy maps. Which of these methods will you employ?
  12. 12. Grouping Insights How Might We? Interpretation
  13. 13. Design Thinking Exercise In the traditional Design Thinking sequence, the discovery stage also includes extensive research. The next stage, Interpretation, involves the sorting and grouping of this research in order to determine insights and develop a “how might we question.”
  14. 14. Brainstorming Ideation Defer Judgment Cluster
  15. 15. Design Thinking Exercise Ideation Stage: In this stage, the sky is the limit. Sometimes that can be the challenge in itself because many people want to limit their thinking or edit their ideas or the ideas or others. The big challenge here will be to stick to “green light” thinking and just generate ideas. There are no bad ideas at this point and you need to remain open-minded in order to find the next innovation. This is a good exercise because we often encourage our students to brainstorm, but how often do we model this? Process: Begin brainstorming: Follow these rules of brainstorming as you work through a session with your group to determine what possible solutions to your challenge may be. Be sure to have someone recorded all of your ideas. You may also want to have a facilitator that can keep the group on track. Rules: Defer judgment Encourage wild ideas Stay focused on topic Be visual Go for quantity Cluster ideas and narrow them down: The sky is no longer the limit and you need to move on to the stage where you are actually creating something.
  16. 16. Test against constraints Formalize Iteration
  17. 17. Design Thinking Exercise Iteration Stage: Here is where you take your ideas and start to formulate concrete solutions to the challenge. Now dreaming becomes more concrete and you will be asked to construct something from your ideas. Process: Test ideas: Take your top ideas from the brainstorming session and test them out against the constraints of desirability, feasibility and viability. Choose the one that stands up best to these three challenges. Prototype Formalize your idea: summarize your idea in a single sentence, describe how it will work where other things may not have worked in the past, explain how it addresses the needs and opportunities identified through your field research, list questions and challenges.
  18. 18. Integrate Feedback Evolution Rebuild Make Changes Define Success
  19. 19. Design Thinking Prototyping
  20. 20. Design Thinking Exercise Evolution Stage: Once you have one or two solid ideas, it is time to test them out and see if they may work. The first step involves presenting them to others to get feedback on your ideas. Following that, you will revise your solution and then finalize your work by defining how you will determine if your solution is successful and officially implementing your idea. Process: • Integrate feedback • Make changes • Define success • Build the idea
  21. 21. Design Thinking Exercise Sharing
  22. 22. Discovery Emerging Developing Proficient Accomplished Bias is limited in explanation. Bias is identified, but not sufficiently elaborated upon. Bias is identified and detailed with attention given to multiple areas of possible bias. Bias is identified and detailed showing a clear effort for selfreflection. Constraints All constraints (feasibility, desirability, viability) are not addressed. All constraints are addressed, but there is limited detail in some of the areas. All constraints are clearly addressed with appropriate detail. All constraints are clearly addressed with appropriate detail. Creativity is shown in thinking about the potential limitations to the project. Frame the challenge Challenge is not properly framed. Focus of project is unclear, confused or too broad. Challenge is still vague. Focus of project is unclear, confused or too broad. Challenge is clearly framed being specific enough to identify the problem while not trying to move to a solution. Challenge is framed specifically and concisely in a wellconstructed statement. Plan is limited. Questions poorly constructed. Plan attempts to use multiple methods, but is not clearly articulated. Plan uses multiple methods with well-formed questions and organized plan. Plan uses multiple methods and thinks creatively on how to seek out vital information to truly understand the challenge. Research is insufficient. Plan is not executed, leading questions were asked, limited areas examined. Research attempts to expand to new areas, but does not have a systematic approach. Work is still general or insufficient. Research addresses multiple areas with depth. Methods are well-executed, work is thorough. Research is thorough and shows expansion of understanding through the use of multiple methods of research. Bias Develop the plan Research
  23. 23. Interpretation Grouping of info Diagram Insights How Might We Emerging Grouping of info is limited and shows no attempt to creatively address the research. Developing Grouping of info exists but is limited in its scope. Research is addressed, but re-imagined in a traditional way. Proficient Grouping shows active attempts to reimagine connections of research. It is clear that new ways to examine the information are attempted. Accomplished Grouping shows active attempts to reimagine connections of research. It is clear that new ways to examine the information are achieved. Diagram is limited. Shows little effort to create order from the information. Diagram exists but could be expanded in an effort to show relationships among the newlyacquired research. Diagram is extensive and attempts were made to expand the thinking about the research. Diagram is extensive and shows visible thinking of how the research can relate and be re-imagined. Few insights offered. Details are limited. Examination of research unclear. Insights offered are vague and need elaboration. Some insights point to a predetermined solution. Insights offered show clear examination of the research as well as an attempt to learn from the new material. Insights offered illustrate a clear understanding of the research as well as a visible learning from the new material. How Might We is improperly constructed. Group will not be able to proceed to effective Ideation without revision. How Might We is attempted but not polished. How Might We is clearly developed from the previous steps, offers direction for the next steps. How Might We is clearly developed from the previous steps, offers direction for the next steps and shows synthesis of the research.
  24. 24. Ideation Clustering Developing Brainstorming is adequate, but ideas are traditional. Little risk is taken. Proficient Brainstorming is extensive with connections pursued in multiple directions. Accomplished Brainstorming is extensive with visible effort to push ideas and expand thinking. Clustering is limited. Brainstorming Emerging Brainstorming is limited and shows little attempt to expand thinking. Clustering shows traditional understanding of the brainstorming ideas. Clustering shows effort to re-examine ideas in a new context. Brainstorming material is thoroughly examined. Clustering shows effort to re-examine ideas in a new context. Risks are taken in an attempt to visualize ideas in a new pattern.
  25. 25. Iteration Testing Ideas Create Formalize Emerging Idea is not tested against all constraints. Developing Idea is tested against all constraints but consideration of challenges faced by these constraints is limited. Proficient Idea is fully tested against all constraints with detailed assessment of challenges faced or addressed. Iteration shows limited creativity, leans to closely towards current available solutions. Iteration exhibits creativity but shows limited expansion of currently available solutions. Iteration shows creativity, attacking the challenge from a different perspective. All formalization questions are not addressed. All formalization questions are addressed, but detail is limited. All formalization questions are addressed with significant and thoughtful detail. Accomplished Idea is fully tested against all constraints with thoughtful reflection on how those impact the idea. Iteration shows innovation and creativity, attacking the challenge from a unique perspective. All formalization questions are addressed with significant and thoughtful detail showing active engagement in the creation process.
  26. 26. Evolution Integrate Feedback Emerging Insufficient feedback is elicited. Developing Feedback is elicited, but scope of feedback is still limited. Proficient Extensive feedback is elicited with clear effort to secure new viewpoints in an effort to test prototype. Accomplished Extensive feedback is elicited with clear effort to secure new viewpoints in an effort to test prototype. Multiple audiences are engaged. Revise Little to no evidence of revision exists. Revision is limited and fairly superficial. Revision is embraced and clear evolution of the prototype has occurred. Revision is embraced and clear evolution and rethinking of the prototype has occurred. Define Success Definition of success is vague. Definition of success exists but needs elaboration or expansion. Definition of success is clearly articulated on many fronts. Definition of success is clearly articulated on multiple fronts considering unconventional ways of viewing success.
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