The NIH Public Access Mandate and Open Access What do we need to know…and why?
WHAT IS THE NIH PUBLIC ACCESS POLICY? 1
As of April 7, 2008:
NIH-funded investigators are required to submit (or have submitted for them) their final, peer-reviewed manuscript to PubMed Central (PMC) upon acceptance of publication to be made publicly available within 12 months of publication. This policy applies to NIH-funded manuscripts accepted for publication on or after April 7, 2008.
As of May 25, 2008:
NIH applications, proposals and progress reports must include the PubMed Central reference number (PMCID) when citing an article that falls under the policy and is authored or co-authored by the investigator, or arose from the investigator ’s NIH award.
WHEN DOES IT APPLY? 2
Institutions and PIs are responsible for compliance…
Even if the PI is not an author on the publication
Must ensure compliance before signing a copyright transfer agreement
WHO IS RESPONSIBLE? 3
The NIH Public Access Policy applies to any manuscript that:
Is accepted for publication on or after April 7, 2008
Arises from direct funding from NIH
HOW DO YOU COMPLY? 2
Submission Method A:
Publish in a journal that publishes all NIH-funded final published articles to PMC
Submission Method B:
Request that the publisher deposit the specific final published article to PMC (usually for a fee)
Submission Method C:
Deposit the final peer-reviewed manuscript through the NIH Manuscript Submission System
Submission Method D:
Complete the publisher initiated submission of the final peer-reviewed manuscript using NIHMS
What are we talking about? 
How do I tell the difference?
OA Outside of NIH
All NIH-funded material is free/public access, but not necessarily OA.
OA material is not necessarily mandated, rather the researchers want their findings to be freely available with few/no restrictions.
Who are you? (publishing)
Who has recognized your work? (citing)
Neither involves the author getting PAID. Never has.
So, why the 30% overhead? Why the “serials crisis”?
The Roads to OA
Not always refereed
Conference presentations, raw data, grey lit, tutorials
Open digital repositories (1,700+)
Mandates (200+) 
Rationale Behind OA: Why isn ’t public access enough?