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Using Google Groups in a m-learning environment

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Using Google Groups in a m-learning environment …

Using Google Groups in a m-learning environment

Steven Lopes Abrantes
Instituto Politécnico de Viseu (Portugal)
steven@di.estv.ipv.pt
Luís Manuel Borges Gouveia
Universidade Fernando Pessoa (Portugal)
lmbg@ufp.edu.pt
EduLearn10
Barcelona, 5-July-2010

Published in: Education, Technology, Business

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  • 1. Using Google Groups in a m-learning environment Steven Lopes Abrantes Instituto Politécnico de Viseu (Portugal) [email_address] Luís Manuel Borges Gouveia Universidade Fernando Pessoa (Portugal) [email_address] EduLearn10 5-July-2010
  • 2. Study main purpose
    • Establish whether laptop users are in the flow state when using Google Groups
    • Verify if Google Groups are a viable tool to support learning
  • 3.
    • New technologies allow the creation of new knowledge spaces;
    • Now, besides the school, both workplace and home have become additional locations for education and learning (at least informal);
    • There is an increasing number of people using home Internet to advance their knowledge;
    • The computer can still be understood, not just as one common tool, but a tool to support and enhance collaborative learning.
    Technology Environments
  • 4.
    • For a long time, it was felt that teaching was primarily (1) the transmission of knowledge ( content ), (2) the training of the memory , and (3) the sharing of the society values ;
      • also, learning was to acquire knowledge through a process of attention, memorization, and its reproduction;
    • The integration of computers in education is now a reality impossible to ignore and one that must be studied.
    Technology Environments
  • 5. Google Groups and the flow experience
    • An issue that’s relates users interaction quality with the value of collaborative environments is the flow experience concept, introduced by Csikszentmihalyi (1975).
    • Csikszentmihalyi considers that a person who is in the presence of the flow state has the following characteristics:
      • Clear goals and immediate feedback;
      • Equilibrium between the level of challenge and personal skill;
      • Merging of action and awareness;
      • Focused concentration;
      • Sense of potential control;
      • Loss of self-consciousness;
      • Time distortion;
      • Autotelic or self-rewarding experience.
  • 6. Google Groups and the flow experience
  • 7. Google Groups and the flow experience
    • Our study uses five dimensions to define the flow state, as proposed by (Trevino & Webster, 1992) and (McKenna & Lee, 2005):
        • Control;
        • Attention Focus;
        • Curiosity;
        • Intrinsic Interest;
        • Sense of time.
  • 8.
    • Involves one hundred and twelve students from higher education school;
    • The main tool used was Google Groups ;
    • The survey gathered student data for five dimensions :
        • Control;
        • Attention Focus;
        • Curiosity;
        • Intrinsic Interest.
        • Sense of time
    The conducted study
  • 9.
    • Some of the study results:
    • 78.57% of the respondents were males and 84,82% had ages between sixteen and twenty four years;
    • The majority of the respondents used laptops (72.32%) to access the tools of the project, followed by the desktop (27,68%) ;
    • Cronbach’s alpha is superior to 0.7, allowing to conclude that the data is related to one same dimension
    The study data
  • 10.
    • Further analysis:
    • From a factor analysis it was possible to isolate two factors :
      • Factor group 1 : (Intrinsic Interest, Control and Curiosity),
      • Factor group 2 : (Attention Focus and Sense of time).
    • In order to determine the presence of the flow experience for users with laptops to access Google Groups, it was verified that, on average, students provide positive answers (above three in a Likert scale of five points).
    The study results
  • 11.
    • The majority of the students:
      • are males;
      • their ages are between sixteen and
      • have already used discussion forums
    • The variables described all the same characteristic which shows the presence of a state of flow experience (confirmed with the Cronbhach’s alpha)
    • From the factor analysis it was possible
    • to isolate two factors
      • Factor group 1 : (Intrinsic Interest, Control and Curiosity),
      • Factor group 2 : (Attention Focus and Sense of time).
    Conclusions
  • 12.
    • The students majority that uses laptops to access Google Groups , are in a state of flow experience.
    • Google Groups seems to be a good way to support students learning when they are using laptops
    Conclusions