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Using Google Groups in a m-learning environment
Using Google Groups in a m-learning environment
Using Google Groups in a m-learning environment
Using Google Groups in a m-learning environment
Using Google Groups in a m-learning environment
Using Google Groups in a m-learning environment
Using Google Groups in a m-learning environment
Using Google Groups in a m-learning environment
Using Google Groups in a m-learning environment
Using Google Groups in a m-learning environment
Using Google Groups in a m-learning environment
Using Google Groups in a m-learning environment
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Using Google Groups in a m-learning environment

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Using Google Groups in a m-learning environment …

Using Google Groups in a m-learning environment

Steven Lopes Abrantes
Instituto Politécnico de Viseu (Portugal)
steven@di.estv.ipv.pt
Luís Manuel Borges Gouveia
Universidade Fernando Pessoa (Portugal)
lmbg@ufp.edu.pt
EduLearn10
Barcelona, 5-July-2010

Published in: Education, Technology, Business
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  • 1. Using Google Groups in a m-learning environment Steven Lopes Abrantes Instituto Politécnico de Viseu (Portugal) [email_address] Luís Manuel Borges Gouveia Universidade Fernando Pessoa (Portugal) [email_address] EduLearn10 5-July-2010
  • 2. Study main purpose <ul><li>Establish whether laptop users are in the flow state when using Google Groups </li></ul><ul><li>Verify if Google Groups are a viable tool to support learning </li></ul>
  • 3. <ul><li>New technologies allow the creation of new knowledge spaces; </li></ul><ul><li>Now, besides the school, both workplace and home have become additional locations for education and learning (at least informal); </li></ul><ul><li>There is an increasing number of people using home Internet to advance their knowledge; </li></ul><ul><li>The computer can still be understood, not just as one common tool, but a tool to support and enhance collaborative learning. </li></ul>Technology Environments
  • 4. <ul><li>For a long time, it was felt that teaching was primarily (1) the transmission of knowledge ( content ), (2) the training of the memory , and (3) the sharing of the society values ; </li></ul><ul><ul><li>also, learning was to acquire knowledge through a process of attention, memorization, and its reproduction; </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The integration of computers in education is now a reality impossible to ignore and one that must be studied. </li></ul>Technology Environments
  • 5. Google Groups and the flow experience <ul><li>An issue that’s relates users interaction quality with the value of collaborative environments is the flow experience concept, introduced by Csikszentmihalyi (1975). </li></ul><ul><li>Csikszentmihalyi considers that a person who is in the presence of the flow state has the following characteristics: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Clear goals and immediate feedback; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Equilibrium between the level of challenge and personal skill; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Merging of action and awareness; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Focused concentration; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sense of potential control; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Loss of self-consciousness; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Time distortion; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Autotelic or self-rewarding experience. </li></ul></ul>
  • 6. Google Groups and the flow experience
  • 7. Google Groups and the flow experience <ul><li>Our study uses five dimensions to define the flow state, as proposed by (Trevino &amp; Webster, 1992) and (McKenna &amp; Lee, 2005): </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Control; </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Attention Focus; </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Curiosity; </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Intrinsic Interest; </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Sense of time. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  • 8. <ul><li>Involves one hundred and twelve students from higher education school; </li></ul><ul><li>The main tool used was Google Groups ; </li></ul><ul><li>The survey gathered student data for five dimensions : </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Control; </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Attention Focus; </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Curiosity; </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Intrinsic Interest. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Sense of time </li></ul></ul></ul>The conducted study
  • 9. <ul><li>Some of the study results: </li></ul><ul><li>78.57% of the respondents were males and 84,82% had ages between sixteen and twenty four years; </li></ul><ul><li>The majority of the respondents used laptops (72.32%) to access the tools of the project, followed by the desktop (27,68%) ; </li></ul><ul><li>Cronbach’s alpha is superior to 0.7, allowing to conclude that the data is related to one same dimension </li></ul>The study data
  • 10. <ul><li>Further analysis: </li></ul><ul><li>From a factor analysis it was possible to isolate two factors : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Factor group 1 : (Intrinsic Interest, Control and Curiosity), </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Factor group 2 : (Attention Focus and Sense of time). </li></ul></ul><ul><li>In order to determine the presence of the flow experience for users with laptops to access Google Groups, it was verified that, on average, students provide positive answers (above three in a Likert scale of five points). </li></ul>The study results
  • 11. <ul><li>The majority of the students: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>are males; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>their ages are between sixteen and </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>have already used discussion forums </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The variables described all the same characteristic which shows the presence of a state of flow experience (confirmed with the Cronbhach’s alpha) </li></ul><ul><li>From the factor analysis it was possible </li></ul><ul><li>to isolate two factors </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Factor group 1 : (Intrinsic Interest, Control and Curiosity), </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Factor group 2 : (Attention Focus and Sense of time). </li></ul></ul>Conclusions
  • 12. <ul><li>The students majority that uses laptops to access Google Groups , are in a state of flow experience. </li></ul><ul><li>Google Groups seems to be a good way to support students learning when they are using laptops </li></ul>Conclusions

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