Sound Planning & Innovatoripa


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Sound Planning & Innovatoripa

  1. 1. Soundplanning a WEB 2.0 Community of Practice for effective management of programmes and projects under the European Social Fund 2007-2013 Lisbon, 11 december 08
  2. 2. <ul><li>The new ESF Programming Period strongly focuses on good governance and partnership. One of the key priorities includes building institutional capacity to design and deliver policies and programmes. This is why a European community of Practice on Sound Planning and Management has been set up </li></ul><ul><li>The EQUAL Managing Authorities of Italy, French-speaking Belgium and Poland have created a Community of Practice on Sound Planning and Management, in co-operation with the “Capacity Building” Group, a consolidated working group including also Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania and Sweden </li></ul><ul><li>The project is granted by the European Commission DG Employement, Social Affair and Equal Opportunities. </li></ul>The Project
  3. 3. <ul><li>Domain </li></ul><ul><ul><li>ESF 2007-2013 Programmes consistency with the new ESF principles </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>involve stakeholders and create local partnership </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>strength internal and external coherence </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>setup up the conditions for impact evaluation </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Identity (Community) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>programme officers and civil servants at national and regional level (Managing Authorities, Public Employment Services, etc.) operating in the framework of the Structural Funds (2000-2006), PCM experts, facilitators. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Practice </li></ul><ul><ul><li>PCM methods and tools, documents and guide lines structured around the 4 pillars of sound planning (Strategic orientation and coherence; delivery planning; monitoring and evaluation and stakeholder engagement) for developing ESF Programmes ; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mainstream lessons from Equal; experiences exchange (study visits), training course (blended learning). </li></ul></ul>The Sound Planning CoP
  4. 4. <ul><li>Online discussions and virtual conferences (syncronous and asyncronous); </li></ul><ul><li>face to face events : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Summerschool for the ESF Managing Authorities (Cagliari) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>3 showcasing workshops (Bruxelles, Turin, Warsaw) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>access to expertise (online PCM experts, FAQ); </li></ul><ul><li>community cultivation (content and document publishing, backoffice communication, workgroup and e-tutoring, technology stewardship); </li></ul><ul><li>blended learning on Project Cycle Management (3 online training editions and 1 day introductory session for each edition, 45 participants coming from 12 different EU Member States). </li></ul>Cop activities
  5. 5. CoP liveliness key numbers <ul><li>252 community members </li></ul><ul><li>3 thematic Forums </li></ul><ul><li>10 Blog </li></ul><ul><li>147 posts (83 in blogs, 64 in the Forums) ‏ </li></ul><ul><li>62 documents classified in the Document </li></ul><ul><li>Repository </li></ul>The Sound Planning CoP, at the end of its activities, confirmed the J. Nelsen “participation inequality” theory: for the majority of CoP members a low degree of participation in creating contents, compared to a small group of internal users which animates the CoP. The majority of CoP users simply read and observe ( lurk ). No postings from 80% of users 20% of posts from 12% of users 80% of postings from 8% of users
  6. 6. <ul><li>Focused on interoperability and reusability </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Built on an open source Content Management System (Drupal) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mashup of partecipative WEB 2.0 tools </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Open source and Open content oriented (interoperability, granularity and reuse of contents) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Based on Blogs (but Fora and sycronous tools are provided too) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Content Classification based on taxonomy (standard metadata) but also on Folksonomy (Tag Clouds, informal/social tagging) and social bookmarking ( </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>RSS updates </li></ul></ul>The Web Environment
  7. 7. Web 2.0 communication tools Photos & video Links Tag clouds RSS feed from and to share photographs of events and video of interviews RSS feed from to share link to online resources Keywords are put in evidence for rapid selection of most popular topics RSS Permanent system to have an update of new post of weblog and forum using a RSS client Individual space for short communications (posts) concerning the personal knowledge of the web site topic Calendar Blog Shared agenda of meetings, seminars or other events Forum Discussion area, organised on a topic base, from each post can start a threath with many comments File manager Area where small groups, organised in folders, can share file work in progress
  8. 8. Calendar ical link Video Youtube Blog RSS feed Photo flickr Free classification TAG Document repository Forum WEB 2.0 for Communities of practice Drupal Open Source Content Management System Presence awareness
  9. 9. Training course calendar Latest news Sound Planning CoP RSS feed Didactic modules Communication tools Training aids Self evaluation test The elearning platform Learning Management System Moodle http:// / Presence awareness
  10. 10. <ul><li>Interoperability of different communities using common technology and multiple domains </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><ul><li> </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li> </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li> </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li> </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li> </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li> </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li> </li></ul></ul>A federation of communities AGGREGATOR F O C U S F O C U S F O C U S F O C U S F O C U S
  11. 14. Social network vs community of practice ? <ul><li>Social network </li></ul><ul><ul><li>social structure made of nodes (generally individuals or organizations) that are tied by one or more specific types of interdependency ‏ </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>(wikipedia) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Community of practice </li></ul><ul><ul><li>groups of people who share a concern or a passion for something they do and learn how to do it better as they interact regularly </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>(e. wenger) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Loose ties </li></ul><ul><li>Individual identity </li></ul><ul><li>Personal visibility </li></ul><ul><li>Be reachable </li></ul><ul><li>Affirm knowledge </li></ul><ul><li>New relations </li></ul><ul><li>Small effort, short time </li></ul><ul><li>Functional needs: not strategic but it’s easy </li></ul><ul><li>Narcisism and competition </li></ul><ul><li>Strong ties </li></ul><ul><li>Group identity </li></ul><ul><li>Get in touch with your peers </li></ul><ul><li>Be authoritative </li></ul><ul><li>Share knowledge </li></ul><ul><li>Go deeper in relations </li></ul><ul><li>Strong effort, time consuming </li></ul><ul><li>Functional needs: it’s important for more activities </li></ul><ul><li>Membership and curiosity </li></ul>
  12. 15. Community life cycle and social networking Etienne Wenger
  13. 16. Credibility: traditional channels trustbarometer
  14. 17. Credibility: i believe in people like me trustbarometer Who is a person like me? “ Shares my interests ” and “holds similar political beliefs” continue to be the top two defining factors of “a person like me” in most countries, with a slight drop in the U.K., France, and Germany for “shares my interests” (67% to 61%). In China, the importance of sharing interests went up to 65% from 53%, but in Brazil it dropped to 65% from a survey-high of 79%. Being from the same local community dropped in importance over the past year, in some countries quite significantly: Ireland to 29% from 51%; Russia to 28% from 47%; Sweden to 9% from 27%; the U.K. to 18% from 44%; and the United States to 24% from 44%. Since last year’s survey, being in the same profession dropped in importance: China to 36% from 46%; India to 36% from 63%; Japan to 32% from 46%; Russia to 31% from 51%; South Korea to 27% from 46%; the U.K. to 31% from 46%; and the United States to 23% from 35%.
  15. 18. INDIVIDUAL NETWORK Multimedia Sound Planning CoP CoPs and social networking in the Web KNOWLEDGE INFORMATION Linkedin ePractice FaiNotizia Ning
  16. 19. Rule of thumb: 1 – 9 - 90 <ul><li>in social media sites: 1% of users create, 9% comment and 90% are just lurkers </li></ul><ul><li>YouTube : 0,16% visitors partecipate in contents creation </li></ul><ul><li>Wikipedia : 4,6% users contribute to the free web encyclopedia </li></ul><ul><li>Flickr : 0,2% users publish their own photos. </li></ul><ul><li>But visits by web users to WEB2.0 sites account for 12% of all US web site visits ! </li></ul>Bill Tancer, Hitwise, WEB2.0 EXPO, article.aspx ?id=10122
  17. 20. 6 degrees of separation small word theory <ul><li>Six degrees of separation refers to the idea that, if a person is one step away from each person they know and two steps away from each person who is known by one of the people they know, then everyone is an average of six &quot;steps&quot; away from each person on Earth… </li></ul>
  18. 21. 150 social relations <ul><li>Dunbar's number is a theoretical cognitive limit to the number of people with whom one can maintain stable social relationships. These are relationships in which an individual knows who each person is, and how each person relates to every other person. Proponents assert that numbers larger than this generally require more restricted rules, laws, and enforced norms to maintain a stable, cohesive group. (Wikipedia) </li></ul><ul><li>No precise value has been proposed for Dunbar's number, but a commonly approximation is 150 if you dedicate 42% of your time to human relations. </li></ul><ul><li>but the existing social networking sites enable people to go beyond Dunbar’s number…. </li></ul>http:// /
  19. 22. Linkedin, Friendster Facebook, Ning, Myspace Tumblr, Delicious Technorati Blogger, Orkut
  20. 23. Networking Users localisation (Google Maps) Who’s in the network (picture, short bio, network role…)
  21. 24. Community Online form: create a group or a community group/community networking space
  22. 25. <ul><li>Thanks to Salvatore Marras for letting me use his slides: </li></ul><ul><li> smarras </li></ul><ul><li>& </li></ul><ul><li>Thanks for your attention! </li></ul><ul><li>[email_address] </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>