The way we control, regulate and direct our impulses
Conscientious people may be seen as boring
Unconscientious people may be criticized for their unreliability, lack of ambition, and failure to stay within the lines, but they will experience many short-lived pleasures and they will never be called stuffy.
Neuroticism refers to the tendency to experience negative feelings
Those who score high on Neuroticism may experience primarily one specific negative feeling such as anxiety, anger, or depression, but are likely to experience several of these emotions
They respond emotionally to events that would not affect most people, and their reactions tend to be more intense than normal. They are more likely to interpret ordinary situations as threatening, and minor frustrations as hopelessly difficult
describes a dimension of cognitive style that distinguishes imaginative, creative people from down-to-earth, conventional people
Open people are intellectually curious, appreciative of art, and sensitive to beauty. They tend to be, compared to closed people, more aware of their feelings. They tend to think and act in individualistic and nonconforming ways.
Closed people prefer familiarity over novelty; they are conservative and resistant to change.
Studies link personality and social support characteristics in such a way as to suggest that personality traits drive observed interpersonal behaviors. Extroversion is positively associated with large networks, perceptions of support availability and frequent contact with family and friends
In contrast, neuroticism is linked to conflictual relationships small networks, perceived unavailability of support and negative affect
an individual’s manner of coping with adverse events and stress can influence their mental health
An individual’s emotional development strongly influences their ability to cope effectively, with someone with deficits in emotional development generally using more maladaptive coping strategies which subsequently leads to negative thought processes
Denial; an outright refusal or inability to accept some aspect of reality that is troubling. For example: "this thing has not happened" when it actually has.
Splitting; a person cannot stand the thought that someone might have both good and bad aspects, so they polarize their view of that person as someone who is "all good" or "all bad". Any evidence to the contrary is ignored.
Projection; a person's thought or emotion about another person, place or thing is too troubling to admit, and so, that thought or emotion is attributed to originate from that other person, place or thing. For example: "He hates me", when it is actually the speaker who hates. A variation on the theme of Projection is known as "Externalization". In Externalization, you blame others for your problems rather than owning up to any role you may play in causing them.
Passive-aggression; A thought or feeling is not acceptable enough to a person to be allowed direct expression. Instead, that person behaves in an indirect manner that expresses the thought or emotion. For example: Failing to wash your hands before cooking when you normally would, and happen to be cooking for someone you don't like.