Chapter 1 Section 1<br />Industrialization Takes Hold<br />
What does the United States look like in the 1860s (when we begin the class)?<br />Slavery Is Over<br />(ended  in 1865)<b...
Railroads Open the West<br />A. Railroad construction in the West<br />began at a furious pace during<br />the Civil War. ...
Completion of the trans continental railroad<br />promontory summit, Utah; 1869<br />
Railroads Open the West<br />C. Railroads helped to increase settlement in the West. <br />		1.) They also played a major ...
How did the Railroads help destroy the Native Americans?<br />
Farming the Great Plains<br />A. In 1862, Congress passed the Homestead Act in an attempt to encourage farmers to settle i...
Farming the Great Plains<br />C. Eventually, farmers adapted to the harsh terrain and many of the inventions that spurred ...
Resources<br />A. During the second half of the 1800s, farming thrived in some parts of the United States but most of the ...
What do you need for industrialization to occur?<br />(FACTORY)<br />NATURAL RESOURCES<br />
Resources<br />C. Human resources also helped American industry to grow. <br />1.) Between 1860 and 1890, America's 		popu...
What do you need for industrialization to occur?<br />WORKERS<br />(FACTORY)<br />NATURAL RESOURCES<br />
Public Policies and Private Investment<br />A. As industry grew, so did the wealth of a small number of entrepreneurs, or ...
What do you need for industrialization to occur?<br />ENTREPRENEURS (WEALTH)<br />WORKERS<br />(FACTORY)<br />NATURAL RESO...
Public Policies and Private Investment<br />C. The U.S. government helped to spur the growth of industry by following a la...
What do you need for industrialization to occur?<br />ENTREPRENEURS (WEALTH)<br />WORKERS<br />STABLE GOVERNMENT<br />(FAC...
Public Policies and Private Investment<br />		1.) The government, along with many 	Americans, believed that allowing indus...
What do you need for industrialization to occur?<br />ENTREPRENEURS (WEALTH)<br />WORKERS<br />STABLE GOVERNMENT<br />(FAC...
Science and Technology<br />A. A flood of new inventions increased America's productive capacity (how much we could make) ...
Science and Technology<br />B. The textile industry was also revolutionized, as the use of power-driven sewing machines mo...
What do you need for industrialization to occur?<br />ENTREPRENEURS (WEALTH)<br />WORKERS<br />STABLE GOVERNMENT<br />(FAC...
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  1. 1. Chapter 1 Section 1<br />Industrialization Takes Hold<br />
  2. 2. What does the United States look like in the 1860s (when we begin the class)?<br />Slavery Is Over<br />(ended in 1865)<br />… but discrimination<br />still existed<br />The United States<br />looks very different<br />than it does today<br />The United States<br />is an agrarian<br />society of farmers<br />
  3. 3. Railroads Open the West<br />A. Railroad construction in the West<br />began at a furious pace during<br />the Civil War. <br />1.) The most dramatic<br /> achievement was the completion<br /> of the first transcontinental<br /> railroad line in 1869.<br />B. In the wake of the first transcontinental line, other railroads sprang up throughout the nation. <br /> 1.) Many of those who labored to build the railroads were immigrants from China or Ireland.<br />
  4. 4. Completion of the trans continental railroad<br />promontory summit, Utah; 1869<br />
  5. 5. Railroads Open the West<br />C. Railroads helped to increase settlement in the West. <br /> 1.) They also played a major role in the extermination of buffalo and the elimination of the Native Americans.<br />Route of transcontinental RR; 1869<br />States and Territories; 1860<br />
  6. 6. How did the Railroads help destroy the Native Americans?<br />
  7. 7. Farming the Great Plains<br />A. In 1862, Congress passed the Homestead Act in an attempt to encourage farmers to settle in the West. <br />1.) Under the act, the government granted 160 acres of land to families for just $10.<br /> 2.) The families, known as homesteaders, had to improve the land and live on it for five years. Then they could get full ownership.<br />B. The plan did not work out as well as they had wanted. <br /> 1.) Fraud and corruption meant that speculators gained the land for profit, not people who wanted to live there.<br /> 2.) Additionally, the soil was difficult for farming. <br />
  8. 8. Farming the Great Plains<br />C. Eventually, farmers adapted to the harsh terrain and many of the inventions that spurred industrialization helped with agriculture.<br />1.) Inventions like deep wells, steel plows, barb wire, reapers, made it easier to plant and maintain crops. <br />
  9. 9. Resources<br />A. During the second half of the 1800s, farming thrived in some parts of the United States but most of the country changed from a nation of farmers to a modern, industrial nation<br />B. The nation's natural resources played a key role in that transformation.<br /> 1.) The United States contained large amounts of coal, iron are, lead, and copper.<br /> 2.) These and other minerals were used for the building of railroads, bridges, skyscrapers, and machinery.<br />
  10. 10. What do you need for industrialization to occur?<br />(FACTORY)<br />NATURAL RESOURCES<br />
  11. 11. Resources<br />C. Human resources also helped American industry to grow. <br />1.) Between 1860 and 1890, America's population more than doubled, increasing from 31 million to nearly 75 million.<br /> 2.) Contributing to this growth was the approximately 14 million immigrants who arrived between 1860 and 1900.<br />D. The nation's population boom provided burgeoning industries with a much needed labor supply.<br />
  12. 12. What do you need for industrialization to occur?<br />WORKERS<br />(FACTORY)<br />NATURAL RESOURCES<br />
  13. 13. Public Policies and Private Investment<br />A. As industry grew, so did the wealth of a small number of entrepreneurs, or business leaders. These people took risks to start new businesses and developed new ways of doing business.<br />B. Entrepreneurs created business empires in the oil, steel, and meatpacking industries. Most of these empires survived by eliminating competition-fairly or unfairly<br />
  14. 14. What do you need for industrialization to occur?<br />ENTREPRENEURS (WEALTH)<br />WORKERS<br />(FACTORY)<br />NATURAL RESOURCES<br />
  15. 15. Public Policies and Private Investment<br />C. The U.S. government helped to spur the growth of industry by following a laissez-faire, or "hands-off," policy toward big business and industry.<br />
  16. 16. What do you need for industrialization to occur?<br />ENTREPRENEURS (WEALTH)<br />WORKERS<br />STABLE GOVERNMENT<br />(FACTORY)<br />NATURAL RESOURCES<br />
  17. 17. Public Policies and Private Investment<br /> 1.) The government, along with many Americans, believed that allowing industry to grow freely would benefit everyone.<br /> 2.) As a result, Congress placed few restrictions or regulations on business.<br />D. The money made in American industry also attracted private investors.<br /> 1.) Investors from both the United State and Europe provided the money that many industries needed to start their business.<br />
  18. 18. What do you need for industrialization to occur?<br />ENTREPRENEURS (WEALTH)<br />WORKERS<br />STABLE GOVERNMENT<br />(FACTORY)<br />TECHNOLOGY<br />NATURAL RESOURCES<br />
  19. 19. Science and Technology<br />A. A flood of new inventions increased America's productive capacity (how much we could make) and improved its transportation and communications networks-all of which helped to promote industrial growth.<br /> 1.) The invention of the typewriter in 1868 helped to improve business communications.<br /> 2.) Alexander Graham Bell's invention of the telephone in 1876 further improved communications.<br /> 3.) In 1879, Thomas Edison developed the electric light bulb, a cheap method of supplying light. The bulb lit up cities and made industrial production possible 24 hours a day.<br />
  20. 20. Science and Technology<br />B. The textile industry was also revolutionized, as the use of power-driven sewing machines moved the clothing business from small tailor shops to large factories. As a result of mass production, clothing became less expensive and more diverse.<br />C. Industrial growth was tied to advances in specific industries. The Bessemer process revolutionized American steel making in the 1870s. <br />1.) A boom in the oil industry spurred industrial growth.<br />
  21. 21. What do you need for industrialization to occur?<br />ENTREPRENEURS (WEALTH)<br />WORKERS<br />STABLE GOVERNMENT<br />(FACTORY)<br />TECHNOLOGY<br />NATURAL RESOURCES<br />CUSTOMERS<br />

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