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20 April 2010
                            5th International Cloud Computing Expo
                                         ...
Position in the Cloud Ecosystem
Innovation in Cloud Computing Architectures with OpenNebula

                             ...
Transforming your IT Infrastructure into a Cloud
Innovation in Cloud Computing Architectures with OpenNebula

Commercial C...
Deployment Models
Innovation in Cloud Computing Architectures with OpenNebula


Model              Definition             ...
Contents
Innovation in Cloud Computing Architectures with OpenNebula




    Challenges from Deployment and Usage Scenario...
Challenges: The User Perspective
Innovation in Cloud Computing Architectures with OpenNebula

Required Functionality
•  Cl...
Challenges: The Manager Perspective
Cloud Computing from an Institutional Perspective


Flexible, Efficient and Scalable M...
Challenges: The Business Perspective
Innovation in Cloud Computing Architectures with OpenNebula


Hybrid Cloud Computing ...
Challenges: The Integrator Perspective
Innovation in Cloud Computing Architectures with OpenNebula


Open Architecture, In...
Designing a Cloud: A Design Driven by Requirements
Innovation in Cloud Computing Architectures with OpenNebula


         ...
Designing a Cloud: Anatomy of a Cloud Architecture
Innovation in Cloud Computing Architectures with OpenNebula
           ...
Designing a Cloud: Design Parameters for Components
Innovation in Cloud Computing Architectures with OpenNebula


 Compone...
Designing a Cloud: Flexible Cloud Manager as Enabler
Innovation in Cloud Computing Architectures with OpenNebula

Cloud Ma...
Building a Cloud: OpenNebula as Cloud Enabler
Innovation in Cloud Computing Architectures with OpenNebula




            ...
Building a Cloud: Features for Private Clouds
Innovation in Cloud Computing Architectures with OpenNebula


              ...
Building a Cloud: Features for Public Clouds
Innovation in Cloud Computing Architectures with OpenNebula



              ...
Building a Cloud: Features for Hybrid Clouds
Innovation in Cloud Computing Architectures with OpenNebula




             ...
Building a Cloud: Ecosystem
Innovation in Cloud Computing Architectures with OpenNebula

Open Community for Cloud Computin...
Building a Cloud: Users
Innovation in Cloud Computing Architectures with OpenNebula


Users (Different Levels of Use: From...
Building a Cloud: Innovative Projects
Innovation in Cloud Computing Architectures with OpenNebula


Innovative Projects on...
Building a Cloud: Innovative Projects
Innovation in Cloud Computing Architectures with OpenNebula

                       ...
OpenNebula as Building Block within Future Clouds
Innovation in Cloud Computing Architectures with OpenNebula

IT Resource...
Thanks

Funding Agencies
•  European Union: RESERVOIR 2008-2011, EU grant agreement 215605
•  Ministry Science&Innovation:...
More Information

    More info, downloads, mailing lists at




Research References
•  B. Rochwerger, J. Caceres, R.S. Mo...
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Transcript of "Innovation in cloud computing architectures with open nebula"

  1. 1. 20 April 2010 5th International Cloud Computing Expo New York Next Generation Data Center Summit Innovation in Cloud Computing Architectures with OpenNebula Distributed Systems Architecture Research Group Universidad Complutense de Madrid This presentation is provided under the terms of the a Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 © OpenNebula Project Leads 1/24
  2. 2. Position in the Cloud Ecosystem Innovation in Cloud Computing Architectures with OpenNebula What Who Software as a Service On-demand End-user access to any (does not care about hw or sw) application Platform as a Service Platform for Developer building and (no managing of the delivering web underlying hw & swlayers) applications Infrastructure as a Raw computer System Administrator ᄎ Service infrastructure (complete management of the computer infrastructure) Innovative open, flexible and scalable technology to configure your own IT resources into a IaaS cloud Physical Infrastructure 2/24
  3. 3. Transforming your IT Infrastructure into a Cloud Innovation in Cloud Computing Architectures with OpenNebula Commercial Cloud Provider •  Flexible and elastic capacity to meet dynamic demands of service •  Ubiquitous network access •  Pay per use and on-demand access Building your Own Cloud •  Optimize and Simplify Internal Operations •  Centralized management of all servers and services with dynamic resizing of infrastructure and dynamic allocation of capacity •  Higher utilization and operational saving of existing resources with server consolidation and removal of application silos •  Lower infrastructure expenses with combination of local and remote Cloud resources •  Support new IT, scientific, or business Cloud services 3/24
  4. 4. Deployment Models Innovation in Cloud Computing Architectures with OpenNebula Model Definition Examples of Deployment Infrastructure is owned •  Optimize and simplify internal operation Private by a single organization •  SaaS/PaaS support and made available •  IT consolidation within large organizations only to the organization (Goverment Clouds, University Clouds…) Infrastructure is owned •  Commercial clouds providers by a single organization •  Special purpose clouds with dedicated and made available to capabilities (HPC Clouds…) Public other organizations •  Regional clouds to address regulatory or latency issues •  Community public clouds (Science Clouds…) to enable scientific and educational projects to experiment with cloud computing Infrastructure is a •  Cloudbursting to address peak demands Hybrid composition of two or •  Cloud Federation to share infrastructure more clouds with partners •  Cloud Aggregation to provide a larger resource infrastructure 4/24
  5. 5. Contents Innovation in Cloud Computing Architectures with OpenNebula Challenges from Deployment and Usage Scenarios User and Infrastructure Business System Workloads Managers Managers Integrators Designing a Cloud Infrastructure Anatomy of a Cloud Architecture Building a Cloud Infrastructure OpenNebula as Cloud Enabler 5/24
  6. 6. Challenges: The User Perspective Innovation in Cloud Computing Architectures with OpenNebula Required Functionality •  Cloud interface and CLI to manage virtual machines, network and storage •  Support for popular interfaces (Amazon EC2) Profile of Service Workloads •  Multi-tier service as basic management entity •  Compute, storage and network capacity •  Level of coupling between service instances •  Security constraints •  Variability of the demand •  Elasticity of the services Service as Groups of VMs •  Service components in VMs •  Inter-connection relationship •  Placement constraints 6/24
  7. 7. Challenges: The Manager Perspective Cloud Computing from an Institutional Perspective Flexible, Efficient and Scalable Management of the Cloud •  Administration interface for the centralized management of the cloud •  Support for the definition of workload and resource-aware allocation policies such as consolidation (energy efficiency), load balancing, affinity-aware, capacity reservation, live migration… •  Support any storage, networking and virtualization infrastructure service •  Integration with existing processes and management tools in the data center •  Management of several clusters to address different workloads Scalable back-end •  Virtualization •  Storage Physical Infrastructure •  Networking 7/24
  8. 8. Challenges: The Business Perspective Innovation in Cloud Computing Architectures with OpenNebula Hybrid Cloud Computing and Federation •  Cloudbursting at infrastructure layer, fully transparent to users •  Scale-out decisions are taken by infrastructure administrators according to business policies Two levels of Collaboration •  Extend the private cloud using both partner and commercial clouds •  Create a federation of clouds Nimbus 8/24
  9. 9. Challenges: The Integrator Perspective Innovation in Cloud Computing Architectures with OpenNebula Open Architecture, Interfaces and Code •  Integration with any product and service in the virtualization/cloud ecosystem such as cloud providers, hypervisors, virtual image managers, service managers, management tools, schedulers… •  Support to build any type of deployment: private, public, hybrid and community clouds •  Easy to enhance to support new functionality •  Easy to embed into other Cloud applications and platforms •  Liberal open-source license 9/24
  10. 10. Designing a Cloud: A Design Driven by Requirements Innovation in Cloud Computing Architectures with OpenNebula Requirements from Use Cases and Deployment Scenarios “One solution does not fit all requirements and constraints, a properly architectured solution should fully align with your Cloud strategy” Constraints from Existing Infrastructure and Processes in the Organization 10/24
  11. 11. Designing a Cloud: Anatomy of a Cloud Architecture Innovation in Cloud Computing Architectures with OpenNebula Cloud User/ Service End-Users Service Provider VIRTUAL INFRASTRUCTURE Cloud Interface Adm Interface Cloud Management System Virtual Machine Managers Schedluer Physical Storage Physical Machines Physical Networking PHYSICAL INFRASTRUCTURE Hybrid 11/24
  12. 12. Designing a Cloud: Design Parameters for Components Innovation in Cloud Computing Architectures with OpenNebula Component Design Parameters Requirements of Use Cases and Constraints from Infrastructure Physical •  Memory and CPU per server •  Memory/CPU requirements of service Machines •  Number and scalability of servers instances •  Hardware virtualization support •  Elasticity of services Physical •  Latency/bandwidth per network •  Level of coupling between service instances Network •  Number and scalability of networks Physical •  Size, scalability, latency and •  Live migration Storage throughout •  Scalability of the cluster •  Organization: DAS/SAN/NAS •  Performance Clusters •  Number of clusters •  Workloads with different execution profiles •  Scalability in one cluster Virtual •  Hypervisors •  Overhead in service instances Machine •  Licensing Manager Interfaces •  Administration interface •  Required functionality •  Cloud interface •  Compatibility with existing interfaces Scheduler •  Allocation Policies •  Energy efficiency, load balancing, affinity- aware, capacity reservation, live migration… Hybrid •  Cloudbursting •  Fluctuating demands •  Federation •  Security constraints •  Level of coupling between service instances 12/24
  13. 13. Designing a Cloud: Flexible Cloud Manager as Enabler Innovation in Cloud Computing Architectures with OpenNebula Cloud Manager to Orchestrate Cloud Infrastructure Complexity •  Management of network, computing, remote cloud and storage capacity •  Management of virtual network, machine and storage life-cycles •  Workload placement and management of VM images •  Management of information, accounting and security •  Interfacing with any infrastructure service Virt. Virt. Virt. Virt. Interfaces Schedulers OpenNebula API OpenNebula Core Driver API Virt. Virt. Virt. Virt. Virt. Virt. Virt. Virt. Compute Storage Network Cloud 13/24
  14. 14. Building a Cloud: OpenNebula as Cloud Enabler Innovation in Cloud Computing Architectures with OpenNebula Innovations Technology challenges in cloud computing management from business use cases Open-source Toolkit OpenNebula v1.4 •  Open and flexible tool to fit into any datacenter and integrate with any ecosystem component •  Open-source released under Apache v2.0, and VM distributed in Ubuntu VM •  Most advanced solution to build private, public, federated and hybrid clouds VM •  Based on standards avoid vendor lock-in and to enable interoperability •  Efficient and scalable management of the cloud 14/24
  15. 15. Building a Cloud: Features for Private Clouds Innovation in Cloud Computing Architectures with OpenNebula Admin Scheduler OpenNebula Physical Infrastructure Feature Function Internal Interface •  Unix-like CLI for fully management of VM life-cycle and resources •  XML-RPC API and libvirt virtualization API Scheduler •  Requirement/rank matchmaker allowing the definition of workload and resource-aware allocation policies •  Support for advance reservation of capacity through Haizea Virtualization Management •  Xen, KVM, and VMware Image Management •  General mechanisms to transfer and clone VM images Network Management •  Definition of isolated virtual networks to interconnect VMs Service Management and •  Support for multi-tier services consisting of groups of inter- Contextualization connected VMs, and their auto-configuration at boot time 15/24
  16. 16. Building a Cloud: Features for Public Clouds Innovation in Cloud Computing Architectures with OpenNebula Infrastructure Users Cloud API Feature Function Cloud Interfaces for •  Implementation of a subset of the EC2 Query API and OGF - OCCI Users Flexibility •  The Cloud Service allows the implementation of new Cloud interfaces 16/24
  17. 17. Building a Cloud: Features for Hybrid Clouds Innovation in Cloud Computing Architectures with OpenNebula Admin Scheduler OpenNebula Physical Infrastructure Feature Function Cloud Plugins •  Amazon EC2 and ElasticHosts connectors Federation •  Support for simultaneous access to several remote clouds Flexibility •  Modular approach to develop new connectors 17/24
  18. 18. Building a Cloud: Ecosystem Innovation in Cloud Computing Architectures with OpenNebula Open Community for Cloud Computing •  Haizea Lease Manager (University of Chicago): Advance reservation of capacity and queuing of best effort requests •  Cloud Management Console (SARA Computing and Networking Services): Web interface for OpenNebula •  Virtual Cluster Tool (CRS4 Distributed Computing Group): Atomic virtual cluster management with versioning and multiple transport protocols. •  DeltaCloud Driver (DSA-Research@UCM) •  RESERVOIR Policy Engine (IBM Haifa/Elsag Datamat): Policy-driven probabilistic admission control and dynamic placement optimization to satisfy site level management policies •  VM Consolidation Scheduler (DSA-Research@UCM): Periodic re-placement of VMs for server consolidation and suspension/resume of physical resources •  Claudia (Telefonica I+D): SLA-driven automatic service management •  Under Development: SUN Cloud API, vCloud API, VirtualBox plugin, dashboard for infrastructure management, new schedulers, SLA and security framework, Grid service manager, LVM and SAN support,… 18/24
  19. 19. Building a Cloud: Users Innovation in Cloud Computing Architectures with OpenNebula Users (Different Levels of Use: From Experimental to Production) 19/24
  20. 20. Building a Cloud: Innovative Projects Innovation in Cloud Computing Architectures with OpenNebula Innovative Projects on Cloud Computing Resources and Services Virtualization without Barriers EU grant agreement 215605 •  Open source technology to enable deployment and Service and Sw Architectures management of complex IT services across different and Infrastructures administrative domains (2008-2011) Enhancing Grid Infrastructures with Cloud Computing •  Simplify and optimize its use and operation, providing a more flexible, dynamic computing environment for Proposal in negotiation e-Infrastructure scientists. (2010-2012) •  Enhance existing computing infrastructures with “IaaS” paradigms Building Service Testbeds on FIRE •  Design, build and operate a multi-site cloud-based facility to Proposal in negotiation support research across applications, services and systems New Infrastructure Paradigms targeting services research community on Future Internet and Experimental Facilities (2010-2013) 20/24
  21. 21. Building a Cloud: Innovative Projects Innovation in Cloud Computing Architectures with OpenNebula www.reservoir-fp7.eu Telco Utility eGov SAP Commercial Service Managers Service Provider Service Provider Service Provider SMI Service Manager AWS VMI VMI VEE Manager VHI Source: RESERVOIR Project VEE Host VEE Host VEE Host Commercial Infrastructure Provider 21/24
  22. 22. OpenNebula as Building Block within Future Clouds Innovation in Cloud Computing Architectures with OpenNebula IT Resources will be the Next Utility •  Future enterprise datacenters will look like private Clouds supporting a flexible and agile execution of virtualized services, and combining local with public Cloud-based infrastructure to enable highly scalable hosting environments •  Growing number of domain specific and regional Cloud providers implementing a utility computing business model by offering pay per use resources on-demand •  Public Clouds will be supported by a network of geographically distributed datacenters for high availability, end-user service proximity, legal and policy issues… •  Public Clouds will be interconnected to meet fluctuating demands •  Grid sites will offer infrastructure cloud-like interfaces to address the new resource access demands from the community 22/24
  23. 23. Thanks Funding Agencies •  European Union: RESERVOIR 2008-2011, EU grant agreement 215605 •  Ministry Science&Innovation: HPCcloud 2010-2012, MICINN TIN2009-07146 •  Community of Madrid: MEADIANET 2010-2013 CAM S2009/TIC-1468 The OpenNebula Community •  The OpenNebula Team: Ignacio M. Llorente, Ruben S. Montero, Tino Vazquez, Javier Fontan, Jaime Melis, Carlos Martín, Rafael Moreno, Daniel Molina, and Borja Sotomayor •  … and many value community contributors from several organizations Your support and contribution are very much appreciated! 23/24
  24. 24. More Information More info, downloads, mailing lists at Research References •  B. Rochwerger, J. Caceres, R.S. Montero,D. Breitgand,E. Elmroth,A. Galis,E. Levy,I.M. Llorente,K. Nagin,Y. Wolfsthal, “The RESERVOIR Model and Architecture for Open Federated Cloud Computing”, IBM Systems Journal, Vol. 53, No. 4. (2009) •  B. Sotomayor, R. S. Montero, I. M. Llorente and I. Foster, “Virtual Infrastructure Management in Private and Hybrid Clouds”, IEEE Internet Computing, September/ October 2009 (vol. 13 no. 5) 24/24
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