Tibet and China are fighting over Tibetan Independence. When China invaded Tibet, Tibet asked for some autonomy in its own affairs.. This has been going on for quite some time, and although China argues that Tibet and China have always been one nation, that is not quite true. In some parts of History Tibet has ruled itself.
Both parties have only negotiated in low-level talks and nothing has really happened. Also because China is on the security council of the UN, the UN could not send in any peacekeepers.
Peace Keeping Methods -in Tibet and Around the World
Tibetans have mainly staged protests against the Chinese government because their religion doesn't allow any violence
When China invaded Tibet, Germany and the U.S tried to pressure China to improve treatment of Tibetans and to hold peace talks
Germany has also:
Hosted an international conference on the Human Rights issues in Tibet
Made an official statement about the Human Rights issues in Tibet
Toured Tibet hoping to find Human Right issues, which would open discussions between Tibet and China
The US has:
Opposed China in 1990’s, made people aware about Tibet
Wants to impose economic sanctions
Peace Keeping Methods -NGO’s
Organizations all over the world were beginning to take charge. Among them ICT (International Campaign for Tibet) and TCHRD (Tibetan Center for Human Rights and Democracy).
These two NGO’s raise awareness around the globe, provide funds for food, water and shelter for Tibetan Refugees.
They get information on Tibet through interviews and visits. They also testify in front of the U.N and the Congress about Tibet.
Peace Keeping Methods -U.N
U.N passed a resolution, in it, it asked for the Chinese government to obey the Human Rights laws.
This resolution caught the attention of the U.N Commissioner of Human Rights.
In 1992 the UNCHR began to perform regular checks on Human Rights in Tibet.
The U.N also began to give support for the many Tibetan Refugees.
The U.N gave funding to Tibet to help them with their eco-tourism so they could earn some money.
The Role of a Peace Keeper
Keep the peace
Don’t be aggressive
Don’t aggravate any parties
Let the people know that you are trying to help
Keep the atmosphere friendly
Being a Peace Keeper is very hard. Many of the objectives/ criteria that you have to meet/be, can often contradict each other. For example if you need to let the people know that you are trying to help, yet at the same time stay neutral and not aggravate any other parties, this can be very difficult. A Peacekeeper needs to be able to prioritize very well. In the situation above, depending on what sort of conflict it is, the PK may have different priorities.
The Role of a Peace Keeper
Also if the Peace Keeper does something wrong then they could have a lot of blame bestowed on them, this blame can be a very difficult thing to live with. A PK also has deal with people not wanting to negotiate or change their points of view, because they believe that only they are right, it can be quite difficult to talking to people who have a set mind. Lastly the PK’s job is hard because they have to deal with people wanting revenge. If someone wants revenge they are not really going to listen to talks of peace.
Comparing the Dalai Lama to a Peace Keeper Although the Dalai Lama is a major player in the conflict, he is a very peaceful man. He does not encourage the Tibetans to turn to violence to stop the conflict. All he does is negotiate and hold protests. The Dalai Lama tries to keep the peace, but has his opinions hear.
Kizilos, Peter. 2000. Tibet. 1 st Edition. Lerner Publications Company. USA.
“ Q&A: China and Tibet.” in BBC News. 19 June 2008. BBC News. http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/asia-pacific/7299221.stm