Final california
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Final california

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Final california Final california Presentation Transcript

  • Kevin Starr
    California
    • “California itself, according to Montalvo, was an ‘island on the rght hand of the Indies…Very close to the side of the Terrestrial Paradise.’- abounding in in gold and precious stones.”
    • Queen Calafia sailed to Constantinpole to join captains of the world in seige against the Turks.
    Queen Calafia’s Island
    • 1533 party of Spanish explorers sailing against west from Mexico an command of Hernan Cortes landed on what they believed to be the recently discovered Pacific.
    • California was a peninsula, not and island, and faces the Pacific Ocean latitude 42 degrees N and latitude 32 degrees N
    Queen Calafia’s Island
    • Native Americans of California belonged to 22 linguistic families and within those families were 135 separate languages.
    • “After 25 generations, the first Californians would soon be encountering social forces , diseases, and genocidal violence that would them to the brink of extinction.”
    Queen Calafia’s Island
    • The public works infrastructure of California was established in the next 40 years.
    • Dams, aqueducts, reservoirs, power plants, industrial sites, etc. served the growing population.
    • 1878 legislature passed the Drainage Act and allowed $100,000 for irrigation, drainage, and navigation studies.
    Great Expectations
    • Technology developed in the Gold Rush for moving water across land led to technology of irrigation. Eventually would enlarge and stabalize metropolitan infrastructure in San Francisco and Los Angeles.
    • Took more than six years to construct LA aqueduct.
    • 1910 California reached 2.3 million in population growth. Decades from 1900-30 there was an overnight creation of metropolitan LA, San Francisco, and Southern California as new America.
    Great Expectations
    • Newcomers in Southern California were primarily white.
    • 1920-30 Mexican American were dominant in Los Angeles, as wells as a small population of African Americans.
    • By 1929, Sothern California had emerged into a “fully materialized American place.”
    • Mid 1029s approximately 50,000 cmmuters were entering and leaving the San Francisco Bay Area everyday. This made the San Francisco Ferry Building the busiest terminal in the world.
    • 1853 San Franciscans talked about bulding a bridge that would link their city to the Oakland on the East Bay Shore.
    • Budget for bridge reached $77.2 million, which made it one of the most expensive public works in American history.
    Great Expectations
    • 1930s the Great Depression emerged.
    • The Gold Rush was “an epic of personal labor in which men of every social background sought their fortunes through the work of their hands.”
    • Since labor for hire was scarce in cities and towns (most preferred to be in the mines) workers of California organized themselves immediately.
    Making it Happen
    • California developed as an agriculture state. But with these great fields, it required an intense seasonal labor force. 1880s-90s men would bunk out and work in the fields all day.
    • Eventually the labor force wanted to improve their working conditions.
    • This movement was eventually termed The General Strike of 1901 and led to the formation of Union Labor Party in San Francisco.
    Making it Happen
    • 1912 San Diego found itself in bitter dock strike by the Industrial Workers of the World.
    • Violence among all these movements became a common theme.
    • “April 30, 1919 the Criminal Syndicalism Act passed that declared it a felony, punishable by 1-14 years in prison, to advocate or in any other way to promulgate violence as a means of ‘accomplishing a change in industrial ownership or control or effecting and political changes.’”
    Making it Happen