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Surfrider Foundation and Algalita Marine Research presentation. Impact of plastic on our environment and health.

Surfrider Foundation and Algalita Marine Research presentation. Impact of plastic on our environment and health.

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  • We consume 50 billion water bottles every year in the US aloneThat’s almost 8,000 bottles every five secondsSOURCE: ^ "A Fountain On Every Corner", New York Times. Find A Fountain, May 23, 2008.
  • WHO CAN GUESS WHAT THIS IS
  • Plastic bagsApproximately 100 billion plastic bags are used in the United States each year. That’s just the US. Imagine what it is worldwide.SOURCE: EPAhttp://www.epa.gov/waste/nonhaz/municipal/pubs/mswchar05.pdf
  • Scary right?But here’s what’s even scarier. There are four more gyres that they believe may be just as bad.Thisyear Algalita Marine Research sailed to the North and South Atlantic Gyres, so we’ll soon have information on them as well
  • What does this look like? These are plastic bags, but they look a lot like jellyifshSee how easy it is to mistake plastic for food, and we KNOW what it looks likeImagine you are a fish and don’t know that plastic exists, you are doing to think it looks a lot like fish
  • SO, we’ve flooded your brain with some frightening facts. But here’s the good news. ITS REALLY EASY TO MAKE A DIFFERENCE. Start by BRINGING YOUR OWNWATER BOTTLES (safer, cheaper, look cool) ecousable sells cheap ones, we sell them too!BAG (for shopping, not just groceries, but clothes too); keep them in your car or bike basked: chico bags fold up and fit anywhere like your purseMUG or CUP for coffee shop (they’ll usually give you a discount) restaurants for soda tooTUPPERWARE or TIFFIN for leftovers or lunches instead to go boxesSILERWEAR (we make and sell our own fork and spoon pouches and you can use what you’ve got at home) this is a bamboo setKEEP a jar in your car with silverwear –use it for a cup and you’ve got what you need for a party)
  • Polylactic acid (PLA) = plastic substitute made from fermented plant starch (usually corn) PLA can “BIODEGRADE” into carbon dioxide and water within 3 months in an INDUSTRIAL COMPOSTING facility (heated to 140 degrees Fahrenheit and fed a steady diet of digestive microbes); currently just over 100 facilities in the US; PLA makes it wetter and acidicEstimated that it could take anywhere from 100 to 1,000 years to decompose in a landfill (According a Smithsonian study) + “renewable” resource; doesn’t emit GHG’s when incinerated#7 plastic, but will contaminate plastics if recycledUsually made from genetically modified cornSOURCE: Earth Talk. The Environmental Magazine, Smithsonian http://www.smithsonianmag.com/science-nature/10022381.htmlhttp://www.thedailygreen.com/environmental-news/latest/pla-corn-plastics-460608
  • Sources: An Implementation Strategy for the California Ocean Protection Council Resolution to Reduce and Prevent Ocean Litter July 24, 2008
  • Talk about the Green Ambassadors philosophy. It starts with you in the middle. Share what you learn, and empower others to share what they learn

Rise Above Plastics11 Rise Above Plastics11 Presentation Transcript

  • Photo from AMRF
    When did plastics becomeso popular?
    Throwaway Living
  • What’s Made of Plastic?
  • What is Plastic Made of?
    SYNTHETIC
    BIODEGRADEABLE
  • Q:
    How many plastic beverage bottles get used every year in the US?
    Chris Jordan
  • We use 50 billion
    plastic beverage bottles every year in the US
    DETAIL
    50,000,000,000
    Chris Jordan
  • Chris Jordan
  • 100 billion plastic bags get used each year in the US.
    ACUTAL SIZE
    100,000,000,000
    Chris Jordan
    This is an artist’s visualization of what gets used in just five seconds
  • “But I Recycle…”.What percentage of plastic gets recycled in the US?
  • CIWMB White Paper
    Less than 5%of plastics are recycled…
  • Great Pacific Garbage Patch
    A giant, eternal swirling spiral of floating trash
    Twice the size of the US and growing
    Home to an estimated 100 million tons of plastic
  • There is 42 times more plastic than plankton at some spots in the North Pacific gyre.
    Source: Algalita Marine Research Foundation
  • How Does Plastic End Up In the Ocean?
  • LA Beaches After The Rain
    Ballona Creek
    Algalita
    Santa Monica Beach
    Ben Kay
  • Surfrider Foundation
    Chris Jordan
  • All of this (more than a half-pound of plastic) was removed from the stomach of an albatross, a large sea bird
  • Q:
    How many marine animals die every year due to Plastic?
    100
    100,000
    1,000,000,000
  • 100,000 marine mammals die each year because of plastic litter in the ocean.
    B
  • Toxic Plastics
    Plastics Leech the Chemicals They Are Made Of
    These Chemicals are ‘hormone mimickers’ that affect the
    Endocrine System.
    Bisphenol A (BPA)
    • Plastic hardener
    • Used in DVDs, canned food lining, baby bottles, water bottles
    • Chemical found in 93% of Americans over the age of 6
    Phthalates
    • Plastic softener
    • Found in toys, food packaging, shower curtains, nail polish, hair spray and shampoo, baby teething rings
  • Plastic Bath
    A study of 20 teens across America detected 16 chemicals from 4 chemical families including plastic (phthalates) in their blood and urine.
    Look up your products at SKIN DEEP
    www.cosmeticsdatabase.com
  • Bring Your Own…
    • WATER BOTTLE (stainless steel)
    • BAG
    • CUP
    • TUPPERWARE
    • SILVERWEAR
  • Use Biodegradable (PLA)
    Bioplastics are better, but not the answer
    Require INDUSTRIAL COMPOSTING (140° and fed microbes)
    Cannot be recycled; can contaminate if mixed in
    “Renewable;” but genetically-modified
    Does not emit GHG’swhen incinerated
    Don’t break down inthe water
  • REFUSE, REDUCE, REUSE… then RECYCLE
    THINK TWICE
    Do you really need a bag for your bag of chips?
    Ask the waiter to wrap in foil instead of styrofoam
    Do you really need the straw?
    Don’t buy things with excess packaging
    Buy the can instead of the bottle
    Shop at the farmer’s markets
  • Encourage EPR
    Extended Producer Responsibility (EPR)
    Companies that produce and package products are responsible for the costs of collecting and disposing of their packaging waste
    Motivates producers to reduce the amount of waste they produce
    Adopted by Germany in 1991
    Packaging waste reduced 14%infirst four years
    Recycling rose to 75%
  • Spread the Word…with a SMILE
    Share what you’ve learned
    Lead by example
    Ask your friends and family to join you
    Speak to city council
    Write letters to government officials
  • What will you do to rise above plastics?
  • You must be
    the change
    you wish to see
    in the world.
    - Gandhi -
  • For more information visit:
    www.riseaboveplastics.org
    www.greenambassadors.org
    www.surfrider.org
    www.algalita.org
    www.seaofconsequences.blogspot.com
    http://www.ewg.org/chemindex/term/468
    PASS IT ON…