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    Anth 316 Presentation Anth 316 Presentation Presentation Transcript

    • Women, Agriculture, and the Environment Presentation by Lauren Richey
    • Women & Agriculture
      • Women are the majority of agricultural workers worldwide
      • The world is dependent on the work of women farmers
      • Women produce the bulk of the food consumed by their families, local communities, and globally
    • Colonization
      • Systematic attempts made by colonial powers to destroy female systems of farming
      • Separation between agricultural workers (especially women) and land
      • Introduced new divisions between men and women
      • Women as subordinate to men
    • Struggles for Women
      • Food security
      • Reproductive crisis
      • Non-capitalist, non-commercial use of natural resources
      • Defend subsistence agriculture and communal access to land
      • Genetically modified crops
    • Protests & Resistance Movements
      • Introduction of cash crops
      • Destruction of women ’ s subsistence farms
      • Selling of their land
      • Land privatization
      • Rising food prices
      • Commercial logging and deforestation
    • The Narmada Valley
      • India
      • Narmada Valley
      • Home to more than 21 million people
      • The site to one of the world ’ s largest multipurpose water projects
    • The Narmada River Development Project
      • Supposed to increase food production and hydropower generation
      • No detailed assessment done of the overall effects of the project
      • Estimated that one million people would be displaced
    • Save the Narmada Movement
      • Movement began in the 1980 ’ s
      • A struggle for just resettlement and rehabilitation of the people who would be displaced
      • Focused on preserving the environmental integrity and natural ecosystems of the valley
      • By making the environmental, economic, and social problems apparent, the movement forced the World Bank to withdraw from the project
    • Silent Valley Movement
      • One of the last remaining untouched rainforests in India
      • In the 1960 ’ s the state government began planning a dam to generate hydroelectricity as the basis for regional economic development
      • Dilemma between environment and development
      • Silent Valley Movement brought attention to the ecological consequences
      • The state government abandoned the idea in 1983
      Silent Valley National Park
    • Nepal ’ s Community Forestry Program
      • Introduced in the 1970 ’ s
      • Countrywide, government-sponsored method of forest management
      • Goal was to involve local communities in the management and preservation of the forests
      • Involved women in its efforts
    • Kenya ’ s Green Belt Movement
      • Founded in 1977 by Wangari Maathai
      • Encouraged rural women to plant trees
      • Participants have planted over 30 million trees
      • Women maintain tree nurseries and engage in environmental conservation along with community development activities
    • Kenya ’ s Green Belt Movement
      • The goal of the Green Belt Movement is to create community consciousness, social justice, and equity, along with improved livelihoods, a reduction of poverty, and increasing environmental conservation and awareness
    • The Chipko Movement
      • Started in the 1970 ’ s in India
      • A rural, non-government organization of people
      • Based off the Gandhian idea of satyagraha
      • Non-violence resistance movement
    • The Chipko Movement
      • “ Hug A Tree ” movement
      • Goal was to protect the trees of Himalaya from commercial logging and deforestation
      • Women were at the forefront of this movement
    • The Chipko Movement
      • The survival of local populations and forest dwelling communities was directly linked with access to the forests, healthy soil, clean water, and pure air
      • The people ’ s movement was opposed not only to the felling of trees for commercial purposes but also to other environmentally destructive activities
      • The Chipko Movement was trying to conserve not only local forest resources, but also the entire life support system where nature was neither exploited or destroyed
    • Environmental And Women ’ s Movements
      • Unite people who have a common interest in saving the environment
      • Women are prominent leaders and participants
      • Women have a great responsibility when it comes to the survival of a community
      • Women ’ s work is directly linked with forests and natural resources
    • Environmental awareness and conservation, subsistence agriculture, in addition to sustainable development and resource use, are necessary not only for the survival of women, their families, and local communities, but for the world as a whole to continue to thrive and live on