To What Extent Are Population Policies Successful

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To What Extent Are Population Policies Successful

  1. 1. To what extent are population policies successful?
  2. 2. Learning Objectives <ul><li>Understand why countries need pro- or anti-natalist population policies </li></ul><ul><li>Be able to outline methods of increasing or decreasing birth rates </li></ul><ul><li>Evaluate the success of population policies </li></ul>
  3. 4. Birth rate has fallen by 7 / 1000 in the period shown which is supported by falling fertility rate and natural increase. 1 Population continues to increase but by slower rates e.g. % natural increase has fallen from 1.90% to 1.70% 2 The sharp decline in under 15s has implications for the future workforce numbers Combine high life expectancy and low birth rates and Singapore is in danger of becoming under-populated and with an ageing population. 3 4
  4. 5. Birth rate has fallen by 7 / 1000 in the period shown which is supported by falling fertility rate and natural increase. Population continues to increase but by slower rates e.g. % natural increase has fallen from 1.90% to 1.70% The sharp decline in under 15s has implications for the future workforce numbers Combine high life expectancy and low birth rates and Singapore is in danger of becoming under-populated and with an ageing population.
  5. 6. Anti-natalist and natalist policies <ul><li>ANTI-NATALIST (against birth) </li></ul><ul><li>Prevention of births </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Family planning clinics </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Free contraception </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Investment in sex education </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Advertising / media </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Encouraging later marriages </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Financial incentives </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Termination of births </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Promoting sterilisation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Legalising abortion </li></ul></ul><ul><li>PRO-NATALIST (for birth) </li></ul><ul><li>Birth bonuses, both cash and goods </li></ul><ul><li>Lower tax rates with increasing numbers of children </li></ul><ul><li>Favoured treatment for housing and welfare benefits </li></ul>
  6. 7. What factors contribute to success? Government attitude Commitment to the cause and a willingness to fund the policy are vital. Involvement of population Working closely with people on a local level is crucial to gain support and co-operation Most successful
  7. 8. Group presentations <ul><li>Why did the country need a population policy in the first place? </li></ul><ul><li>How does the policy attempt to control the birth rate? (is it pro-natalist or anti-natalist? Is it based on incentives, termination or prevention?) </li></ul><ul><li>What steps are taken to implement the policy? Incentives? </li></ul><ul><li>How successful has the policy been? (you need evidence e.g. has the birth rate changed?) </li></ul>Go to y13geography.blogspot.com for useful links

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