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Suburbanisation Pres

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  • 1. SUBURBANISATION Kate & Sian
  • 2. What is Suburbanisation
    • The movement of people from the central and inner areas to the surrounding residential areas.
    • It takes place in MEDC’s as transport has developed enabling people to commute to their work place
    City
  • 3. Causes
    • Increased use of private cars
    • Improvements in infastructure
    • Overcrowding of urban areas
    • 1930’s- few planning controls meant over expansion which lead to the creation of green belts
    • Higher quality of life in rural areas
    • Lower house prices and tax
  • 4. Consequences
    • Suburbanised areas have experienced much changes in recent years.
    • New population has been reflected by the change in the land use patterns- New houses have been built.
    • Local shopping centres have been built, along with many schools both primary and secondary.
    • Suburbanised areas also have other key elements like woodlands and parks, cemeteries, golf courses and playing fields.
  • 5. Changes in land use in suburbanised villages.
    • Developments include
    • Increase in housing estates of all varieties
    • New low order services
    • Conversion of farm buildings
  • 6. Case Study
    • St Ives in Cambridgeshire
    • 100km north of London and it lies on the A1123, 8km east of Huntingdon of Cambridge.
    • St Ives is a riverside town.
    • The surrounding rural area is mainly farmland with many recent new housing developments.
    • The population structure of the town is changing due to the community ageing, and a large population of the working people are employed outside the town.
  • 7.
    • Housing in this area is affordable, but is still rising due to increase popularity. This is creating a gap between those people that can afford the rising costs of the houses and those that are on a low wage.
    • Recent retired people are moving here, which increase the demand for bungalows and small apartment blocks.
    • 25% of St Ives working population now commute to London ever day by train, which takes an average 50 minutes from the station in Huntingdon.
  • 8.
    • The services in the area have also increased due to the population increase.
    • Pressure to increase the housing stock is becoming greater from commuters.