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Suburbanisation
 

Suburbanisation

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    Suburbanisation Suburbanisation Presentation Transcript

    • Learning Objectives
      • Understand the causes of suburbanisation in relation to MEDCs
      • Be able to describe the consequences of suburbanisation on different areas of the urban area
    • Suburbanisation
      • The increased movement of people / services and industries from the centres of inner urban areas outwards, towards and onto the edges of the built-up area.
    • Suburbanisation
      • The period 1800-1900 saw very rapid urban industrialisation
      • Industry could pay the most for city centre sites
      • Unplanned housing developed around factories – with few amenities
      • Middle classes began to move into suburbs
    • Suburbanisation
      • The suburbs continued to grow rapidly in all British cities in the inter-war and post-war periods.
      • During this period there were fewer planning regulations and urban growth took the form of ribbon development along main routes
    • Suburbanisation
      • Suburbanisation is continuing:
      • Construction / development of flats
      • Infilling of vacant land
      • Continuing outward expansion at the suburban fringe
    • Causes of suburbanisation
      • De-centralisation
      • Shift of jobs into service sector
      • Often tend to be in non-centralised locations to make use of cheaper land prices
      • De-industrialisation
      • Loss of manufacturing jobs in inner cities
      • Workers often lacked skills for jobs in service sectors
      • Inner cities experienced spiral of problems
    • Causes of suburbanisation
      • Attractions of edge of city location
      • Access – motorways etc
      • Room to expand
      • Green space
      • Pleasant environment
      • Technology
      • Advances in transport meant people could commute longer distances
      • ICT and communications developments mean more people can work from home
    • Consequences of suburbanisation
      • These can relate to periphery and inner city/CBD
      • Consequences can be economic, environmental or social
      • Positive or negative
    • Suburbanisation of Nottingham
    • Suburbanisation of Nottingham
      • Traffic congestion at peak times on peak routes such as A52 and A453 into and out of Nottingham
      • Suburban dwellers largely white middle-class leaving some ‘segregated’ deprived inner city areas e.g. St Anns.
      • Radford – former industrial area has a negative environment with lots of derelict factories
    • Suburbanisation of Nottingham
      • The Radford gasometer
      • John Player complex
    • Suburbanisation of Nottingham
      • Development of brownfield sites for decentralised employment e.g.
      • University of
      • Nottingham Jubilee
      • Campus
    • Suburbanisation of Nottingham
      • Redevelopment of central areas to attract residents and business back into CBD e.g. Nottingham’s Lace Market
      Broadway Cinema Residential developments
      • Read Geo Factsheet ‘Suburbanisation’
      • 1. What factors encouraged early development of the suburbs?
      • 2. In the last 30 years:  
          • What problems did ‘ de-industrialisation’ cause in the inner cities?
          • How did these problems encourage growth of the suburbs?
      • 3. Outline the push factors and pull factors that caused the suburbanisation of industry and jobs.
      • 4. Outline how changes in transport encouraged suburbanisation 
      • 5. Why are suburbs ‘ not all the same’?
      • 6. Copy or summarise Table 4 for revision for the exam 
      • 7. How does Table 3 show that the inner city has more problems than the suburbs?
      • 8. List the ‘three major developments’ in the suburbs in the last 15 years.