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Suburbanisation

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  • 1. Learning Objectives
    • Understand the causes of suburbanisation in relation to MEDCs
    • Be able to describe the consequences of suburbanisation on different areas of the urban area
  • 2. Suburbanisation
    • The increased movement of people / services and industries from the centres of inner urban areas outwards, towards and onto the edges of the built-up area.
  • 3. Suburbanisation
    • The period 1800-1900 saw very rapid urban industrialisation
    • Industry could pay the most for city centre sites
    • Unplanned housing developed around factories – with few amenities
    • Middle classes began to move into suburbs
  • 4. Suburbanisation
    • The suburbs continued to grow rapidly in all British cities in the inter-war and post-war periods.
    • During this period there were fewer planning regulations and urban growth took the form of ribbon development along main routes
  • 5. Suburbanisation
    • Suburbanisation is continuing:
    • Construction / development of flats
    • Infilling of vacant land
    • Continuing outward expansion at the suburban fringe
  • 6. Causes of suburbanisation
    • De-centralisation
    • Shift of jobs into service sector
    • Often tend to be in non-centralised locations to make use of cheaper land prices
    • De-industrialisation
    • Loss of manufacturing jobs in inner cities
    • Workers often lacked skills for jobs in service sectors
    • Inner cities experienced spiral of problems
  • 7. Causes of suburbanisation
    • Attractions of edge of city location
    • Access – motorways etc
    • Room to expand
    • Green space
    • Pleasant environment
    • Technology
    • Advances in transport meant people could commute longer distances
    • ICT and communications developments mean more people can work from home
  • 8. Consequences of suburbanisation
    • These can relate to periphery and inner city/CBD
    • Consequences can be economic, environmental or social
    • Positive or negative
  • 9. Suburbanisation of Nottingham
  • 10. Suburbanisation of Nottingham
    • Traffic congestion at peak times on peak routes such as A52 and A453 into and out of Nottingham
    • Suburban dwellers largely white middle-class leaving some ‘segregated’ deprived inner city areas e.g. St Anns.
    • Radford – former industrial area has a negative environment with lots of derelict factories
  • 11. Suburbanisation of Nottingham
    • The Radford gasometer
    • John Player complex
  • 12. Suburbanisation of Nottingham
    • Development of brownfield sites for decentralised employment e.g.
    • University of
    • Nottingham Jubilee
    • Campus
  • 13. Suburbanisation of Nottingham
    • Redevelopment of central areas to attract residents and business back into CBD e.g. Nottingham’s Lace Market
    Broadway Cinema Residential developments
  • 14.
    • Read Geo Factsheet ‘Suburbanisation’
    • 1. What factors encouraged early development of the suburbs?
    • 2. In the last 30 years:  
        • What problems did ‘ de-industrialisation’ cause in the inner cities?
        • How did these problems encourage growth of the suburbs?
    • 3. Outline the push factors and pull factors that caused the suburbanisation of industry and jobs.
    • 4. Outline how changes in transport encouraged suburbanisation 
    • 5. Why are suburbs ‘ not all the same’?
    • 6. Copy or summarise Table 4 for revision for the exam 
    • 7. How does Table 3 show that the inner city has more problems than the suburbs?
    • 8. List the ‘three major developments’ in the suburbs in the last 15 years.

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