Migration 2
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Migration 2

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Migration 2 Migration 2 Presentation Transcript

  • Video Migration
  • Learning Objectives
    • Recap examples of forced and voluntary migration;
    • Know key terminology;
    • Investigate case studies of forced and voluntary migration;
    • Be able to identify economic, environmental, social, political and cultural effects of these migrations.
  • Definitions
    • Refugee – someone who flees from their country from conflict or natural disaster or because of a well-founded fear of persecution in grounds of religion, political views etc
    • Asylum seeker – a migrant who is seeking protection and can no longer live safely in their own country.
    • Asylum - the formal application by a refugee to reside in a country when they arrive in that country.
  • Definitions
    • Displaced persons – have been forced to leave their homes, but unlike refugees remain in their own country e.g. during the war in former Yugoslavia.
    • Returnees – refugees who have returned to their own country, either voluntarily or through force.
    • Economic migrant – a person who moves into a country or region to seek employment or better employment or a higher standard of living.
  • Voluntary or forced migration?
    • Palestinian Arabs forced from new Israel (1948)
    • Retired Brits to Devon and Spain
    • Ugandan Asians expelled by Idi Amin in 1970s
    • Rwandan war refugees into neighbouring countries
    • Polish workers into the UK
    • British doctors to USA
    • Refugees from Mozambique famine in 2000
    • Mexicans to California
    • Eruption of Mount Soufriere, Montserrat, 1990s
    • Europeans into the Prairies in C19th
    • West Indians to Britain
    • Rural-urban migration of people into Brazil’s major cities
    • Jews forced out of Nazi Germany
  • Refugee migrations
    • Refugees are people who flee their homes because of ‘well-founded fear of persecution for reasons of race, religion, nationality, political opinion or membership of a particular social group (UNHCR, 1951)
    • One person in every 120 in the world has been forced to flee their home as a result of war, violence or persecution.
    • 22 million people worldwide are refugees or displaced persons.
  • Refugee migrations
    • Comment and contrast on the patterns shown in Figures 9a and 9b .
    • Annotate the maps.
  • Exam Question: Asylum
  • Effects on population structure
  • Effects on population structure
  • Consequences of migration
    • Migration affects 2 locations
      • destination and origin
    • Can have positive and negative effects
    • The effects can also be defined as social , political , economic , environmental and cultural .
  • Consequences of migration POSITIVE FOR HOST COUNTRY POSITIVE FOR COUNTRY OF ORIGIN NEGATIVE FOR HOST COUNTRY NEGATIVE FOR COUNTRY OF ORIGIN
  • Consequences of migration POSITIVE FOR HOST COUNTRY POSITIVE FOR COUNTRY OF ORIGIN NEGATIVE FOR HOST COUNTRY NEGATIVE FOR COUNTRY OF ORIGIN