Migration

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Migration

  1. 1. ‘J
  2. 2. Understand and be able to define different types ofmigration Be able to describe the causes of migration Understand 2 models ofmigration (push- pull model a nd Lee ’s model) Begin to examine the consequences of m ig ra tio n k. -
  3. 3. —__. ._________ Migration - what do you remember?
  4. 4. I . .‘*. .' / ,_. .. g . - the movement of people. x '* ‘A change ofresidence lasting more than one year’, United Nations. . any movement by humans from one locality to another, often over long distances orin large groups.
  5. 5. -The cause ofthe movement (forced, voluntary) -The scale of the migration (international, national, regional, local) -Types of3.I‘Ea (rural to urban, ‘rich’ to ‘poor’, LE DW to MEDW)
  6. 6. ' Copy diagram on P 156 of textbook titled “Types of Migration”
  7. 7. 1 . .‘ . .‘ , ' ‘/ _:". ' ‘ _/ ‘_, v * Unconscious drifts — tribalwanderings, , nomadic movements etc "f/ . P‘ ’* F*0l‘CCCl migration migranthas to move / 4 because ofcircumstances e. g. religious or political persecution, wa r, natural disaster, ’ 7‘ "T . M I forced labour, fa mine M ‘A * Voluntary migration — personal choice ' e . g. employment, better climates , family, , services . ‘.-‘J t- f / _3 - . ' ’ ‘ . ,, ww ‘ _. _‘V/ - . / ‘ , . ' N. ‘ ‘u u . . . T T / ». e. V ' ' ~ _ ’ , f "‘1~ / ‘-3’ _—--
  8. 8. , -. ,- -'. J.. .,' ~ t‘~}”“. .“. ‘--~ . ./ - Movement Voluntary Forced Between The ‘brain drain’ of doctors and scientists from MEDCs the UK and Germany to the USA . l The movement of East European workers into the Repatriatiow of East Germans into the new lg UK lollowing the expansion of the EU in 2004 unified Germany after 1989 From LEDCs Movement of Mexicans into the USA to work Movement of large nu mters of to MEDCs as casual employees In the larmlng commtnltles refugees and asylum seekers In many of California parts of the world Movement of evacuees from Montserrat following me volcanic exploslcns In 1996 From MEDCs Mowemerlt of aid workers from EU countries to I l4 to lFDCs the Sudan and Fthiopia R Between The movement of migrant labour from Pak stan Movement of Tutsi and Hutu peoples from ‘ LEDCs and Bangladesh to the oil-rich states of the Rwanda to the Democratic Republic of , Persian Ciull Congo, because of the fear of genocide
  9. 9. 1--I-'17--r 1 Ir-""1 Some major migrations I I I . ‘‘l‘' ” . . .{'Jv, jews forced out of Nazi Germany Palestinian Arabs forced from new Israel (1948) Ugandan Asians expelled by Idi Amin in 19705 Refugees from Mozambique famine in 2000 Eruption of Mount 5 oufriere , Montserrat, 1990s Rwamlan war refugees into neighbouring countrie s 9 L British doctors to US A Me xica ns to Ca lifornia Europeans into the Prairies in C19th Retired Brits to Devon and Spain West Indians to Britain Rural-urban migration of people into Bra zil's major cities Polish workers into the UK » P I
  10. 10. 1--I-'17--r I Ir-""1 I Dis tanc e 1 C 1 st . _ . -A . .' ° Internal migration — moving house , urban ‘ to urban e. g. UK N-S migration in 80s and 90s; rural—urban (common in LEDW); ' urban-rural (counterurbanisation in ME DW); rura l—rural (e . g. pioneer advances across US A). 5' ° Intemational migration — volunta ry , _~ migrations e . g. colonisation ofUS A 1800- ‘: 1924-; more recently Countries are F; tightening immigration policies so the majority ofinterna tional migration is now _: _ {: I Y! ‘ I‘ (‘I
  11. 11. 1--I--'11---7 1 Type of area -. ° LEDWIO D— Westlndians to Britain 0, j in 19305 ° LEDWIO LEDW refugees moving from Mozambique to surrounding African countries ' lVlEDWt0 l/ lEDW— ‘brain drain’ ofUK doctors to US A and Canada ‘ lVlEDW I0 LEDW charity worke rs and missionaries moving to Work in LEDW
  12. 12. 1--I--rt-—-r 1 Ir-"-I Theories of migration I so . _ V - . -. ° If you could live anywhere in the UK, I where would it be? ° WhatpllSll and pull factors would influence your decision? ' What0l)StaClES might getin your way?
  13. 13. glslts, ‘ Push factors Forcing people a wa V fro m 'l1(‘ re the ' live I] O ’ -. _A , r- 4‘ Theories of migration -r / ’ ' I , . 1--JLI1 111111 . ~ MIGRATIO LN‘ 1,”) , : P_u. ||_fac_to_1§_ A ttra c tin Q pe uple to a 11 C V 3 II‘ 3
  14. 14. 1--I--rt-—-r 1 Ir-"-1 I ° In some cases, factors are complementary e. g. migration from an area with high unemployment and poor housing to one with lots ofjobs and good housing. ' In other cases, one factor dominates e. g. natural dis a ster or political pers ecution.
  15. 15. 1.‘ g ‘I 2' . ‘ r-‘ '', .H 1. 1 | . Physical Economic Social Political u. :1a—-¥>uaIv—-$59-11. a—-1.~. «1».1— -P1.»r. a—-F-ours. »-1.~1v— . II
  16. 16. Physical Economic Social Political 2‘ u. :1a—-¥>uaIv—-$59-11. a—-1.~. «1».1— Jnaccessibility . I-Iarsh climates . .1aturaldisasters . Unemployment . Poverty . High rents . Taxation . Discrimination . Laek ofhousing . Bc-reavemcnt . Growth of family . Civil unrest . Persecution . Planning decision I. 2. 3. ha 1. -h1.»r~. a— -F-mm Attractive scenery Fertile soils La ck ofnatural zards High living standards . Good wages . Promotion . Resource exploitation . Good welfare services . Relatives and friends . Marriage . IIighereducation . Freedom ofspeech . Propaganda . Politiealasylum
  17. 17. " The push—pullmedel was refined into The , Lee Model. L’: ‘J. + + / I 1' ' ‘ O — _ / / '1 1/‘ "L | O — / /'9 + + O _ + — + Intervening obstacles O H + + O "' - O O + Positivefactors .1. _ _/ _ — Negative factors } O”9'n O Neutral factors Destmauon "rs / ‘- 3' _: --
  18. 18. 1--r--r--r' 1 T', '.""€‘! V"""_""7'. ‘ -r"""‘-,1 ° Origin and destination have positive and negative factors ° Each person would interpret these factors d iffe re n tly ° Intervening obstacles stand in the way of people migrating a; 4. Positive fact‘; -us — N»: —gativ'et. a(tc. rs 0 Neutral I. »r, l<; -n
  19. 19. Lee’s General Migration Model I—~. ‘> I'! V‘r7d‘l7. . H », .. .. . .- — . - . . . - ’ , "' » “ . . II, $31’ I" -If, » . |,. _ , C0,: v_ > I _. - = “" __ R _ — + -- __‘_ Hu, r.I. ‘lx' , ~ ‘ .4 i O "‘ - —-. r*'. n'". fit: 'u; .-rn, _ V ’ L" . u.. V-1 . <r| ;.. .-. 'a up n--. r. ‘ . __' , V , MI. “ VAN"; ’ ‘ V r~—.1.~. .41 ‘, ~. W - , .. . , A _ ‘ , ' —-n-» , ‘ —~-ncf ' , 4»: :1, _’, J J I - I. ' g 4' ‘V1 "r-* - - ' " " ‘.1’ ', '[: '—'. 'In‘Tl ‘ I L ' ML: ‘ . _ u, -.' . *, r " l 5‘ ‘ -. .. . — »- . - 2- M vat: ’ ' .1I. .x -AI rl ‘L5: L3'_: :‘; ,;. - ——— AI. .. , -‘- , .o, r-. .._ l"r. '. '. |Z - l‘-7 ills‘. W2‘ ‘ ' I‘ V. ' " (‘‘. ‘ - . P. n. ‘ ! g . 1_ l; r ‘K4 r H‘ ’«-~r '4 I-v - II‘-tr . ":x'~2ctc-2 - _ ~ ' r r V ‘ Fmm -L6 Lao‘: gun, -ml n1i_u.1don ‘ . J l (' mod: -I ' Source: P: >pulalicn. Resources and Eeveloprrent Jere Chris: '1 and Francis Jegede. Collins Educa‘. ioral. ‘1§96.
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