Be able to describe the consequences of rapid urbanisation in LEDCs with reference to examples
About one billion people live in ‘slums’ The highest concentration is found in Asia – 60% of world slums in Asia Manila population– 10 million 44.1% of urban population live in slums Tondo – poorest and most underdeveloped region in the Philippines Built upon a (now closed) landfill site called Smokey Mountain
Most densely populated global city - 41,014 people/km² Tondo has approximately 80 000 people/km²
Many houses in Manila constructed along the Pasig River Manila is a natural flood basin and floods frequently
Chairman Tom was born and brought up in Tondo, and runs a community of about 4,000 slum dwellers there. He has six children, and according to Tom "everyday is a struggle". He sells water for a living and he also makes US$40 a month from renting out property that he built on government land. "What I did is illegal," says Chairman Tom. "But I have to help my people because 90% of them are much worse off than me".
Jemma, a single mother, lives alongside the bridge in Tondo. She and her four children live in a tiny room with no water, no electricity and no sanitation. Jemma washes clothes to make a living. None of her children go to school and her 14-year-old daughter is already working. "I sometimes get angry with myself because I cannot provide for my children," says Jemma, who starts to weep.
Estella and her husband Cricencio are an elderly couple who moved to Tondo slum from the countryside 20 years ago. They have seven children and they live at the end of an alleyway. "I have spent many sleepless nights worrying about the threat of fires," says Estella. Her husband Cricencio has another major worry. "The land that we live on is owned privately. We have no contract, no rights, nothing," he laments.
Fire is a major risk in such densely populated shanty settlements January 2004 – 2500 homes were destroyed in Tondo