In early medieval times, monks were the sole makers of illuminated manuscripts. Before universities existed, monasteries were the central places for learning. Monks copied books mainly for use in worship. However, rulers and high-ranking churchmen commissioned books from monasteries, including historical records and Greek and Roman literature.
After the 12 th century, monks were no longer the only scribes. The rise of universities and the middle class created a demand for books and book production became a way to make more money. Making illuminated manuscripts became a business conducted in cities. A person who wanted a book would order it through a bookseller, who hired scribes and illuminators to do the work.
During the fourteenth and early fifteenth centuries, the Mamluk rulers of Egypt commissioned huge copies of the Koran for public reading in mosques and religious schools. Rich illumination in gold and colors embellished the beginnings of chapters, as on this page.
This miniature painting was one of the middle ages or “Gothic” time periods best art.
Illuminated Manuscripts The word manuscript is derived from the Latin words manus (hand) and scriptus , from the verb scribere (to write). Today the term is used to describe any handwritten text. The word illumination comes from the Latin verb illuminare (to light up), which, in this context, describes the glow created by the radiant colors of the illustrations, especially gold and silver.
1. Your Name Initial – one or all 2. Three Symbols – Things that represent you 3. Border - border should relate to the rest of your illumination. 4. A Color Harmony and expert shading skills Illuminated Initials Project Requirements: