What Kind Of Man Was Wilson? Southerner Intellectual Moralist Progressive Lawyer Idealist
August 1914...WAR! <ul><li>Declared American neutrality </li></ul><ul><li>Offered to mediate conflict </li></ul><ul><li>Sent Colonel Edward House on peace mission </li></ul><ul><li>Refused to build up U.S. Army </li></ul>
Great Britain & Germany violate American Rights at Sea British BLOCKADE German Submarine Warfare Diplomatic protests by Wilson & Secretary of State William Jennings Bryan are ignored “ Sussex Pledge”
“ Too proud to fight !” ( In Europe…but fighting in Mexico is ok) Zapata Pancho Villa Carranza General Pershing Wilson’s intervention in Mexico’s revolution, failed.
“ Zimmerman Telegram” "We are counting on the probability of war with the United States….things cannot be worse than they are now. The war must be brought to an end by whatever means as soon as possible.” Field Marshal Paul von Hindenburg Supreme Commander, Imperial German General Staff, 1917 Zimmerman Von Hindenburg
“…a war to make the world safe, for Democracy” “ We desire no conquest, no dominion. We seek no indemnities for ourselves, no material compensation for the sacrifices we shall freely make. We are but one of the champions of the rights of mankind. We shall be satisfied when those rights have been made as secure as the faith and the freedom of nations can make them.” President Woodrow Wilson, 1917 Asking the Congress of the United States for a Declaration of War against the Central Powers