The Industrial Revolution in Germany did not
begin until the 1800, well over a century after the
change of events in England. This was because
Germany did not become a unified political society
until late in the nineteenth century.
The establishment of the German Customs Union was the focal point of
Germany’s Industrial Revolution.
In 1834, trade barriers between German states were
eliminated and this paved the way for bigger and
more attractive market for producers. Mining areas
boomed as demand for coal rose during this time,
and this gave rise to higher incomes to the
The Southern Ruhr area was the epicenter of the revolution as
villages quickly merged into cities as new factories sprung
overnight demanding a constant supply of labor. The city of
Essen was probably the first industrial city in Germany as it
became the home base for companies taking advantage of the
Another trigger for German industrialization was the development in
With the rail, mining companies could easily and quickly
transfer the coal for use in the factories. The importance
of the railway to Germany also prompted German
companies to research and build their own locomotives
to ease their reliance on British technology. This allowed
the steel, mechanical and electrical engineering industries
to flourish and by the turn of the century, German
companies had overtaken their British counterparts as
leaders in these fields.
France The central government played a more
active role in development than Britain’s
had. Craft production, in which people make
decorative objects by hand, also remained a
more significant element in the French
economy than it did in Britain
Germany Germany used its rich iron and coal resources
to develop heavy industry, such as iron and
steel manufacture. It also proved to be an
environment that encouraged big businesses
and cooperation among large firms.
Russia Idustrialization spread more slowly there,
and the Russian economy remained
overwhelmingly agricultural for a long time.
Japan Industrialization in some areas of China
began in the early 20th century and
increased near the end of the century.
Another key success trigger for Germany’s Industrial Revolution was the
fact that they started later than Britain.
As explained earlier, Germany did not experience the
industrial change until a century after Britain. This allowed
the Germans to imitate and profit from lessons learnt of the
British experience. In other words, Germany did not have to
re-invent the wheel and was soon copying the industrial
processes used in factory, particularly textile and steel
By the end of the nineteenth century, Germany was
already way ahead of Britain in the Industrial Revolution
curve.. Armed with both knowledge and experience,
German engineers invented the dynamo which led to the
construction and installation of power stations capable of
serving cities.The invention of the dynamo brought an
end to the Industrial Revolution and theTechnological
Revolution was born.