House of York H THE WAR OF ROSES HOUSE OF LANCASTER A horse! My kingdom for a horse !
THE WAR OF ROSES <ul><li>H enry Tudor </li></ul><ul><li>defeated Richard III, </li></ul><ul><li>declared himself king, </li></ul><ul><li>took Elizabeth of York, </li></ul><ul><li>united the houses of York and Lancaster, </li></ul><ul><li>acceded to the throne as Henry VII, </li></ul>
The Tudor Dynasty Henry Tudor became King Henry VII of England and Wales following the Battle of Bosworth Field. Henry's family, the Tudors, had been involved in a long and bitter war against the house of York: The War of the Roses. At Bosworth Field Henry led his men against the forces of Richard III. The Lancastrians, followers of Henry Tudor, defeated Richard, who died in the battle: Henry Tudor now became King Henry VII of England and Wales. Henry couldn't be certain that he was safe as King of England. For a hundred years the country had been torn apart by bloody conflicts and wars about who should rule. In order to make sure that he was not overthrown Henry married Elizabeth of York. Marrying Elizabeth would, Henry hoped, prevent the House of York trying to kill him as they still held some power. Henry VII faced other problems though. Not only was he fearful for himself but he had become King of a country that had no money, law and order were a problem and perhaps most worrying was the fear of a Spanish invasion. Henry's rule was successful. he ended the war of the roses through his his defeat of Richard III and marriage to Elizabeth of York. He managed to make peace with Spain, his eldest son, Arthur, married Catherine of Aragon (She married Henry VIII after Arthur died) and he brought stability, law and order back to England and Wales.
House of Tudor Henry VII 1 485–1509 Elizabeth of York Henry VIII 1 509–1547 age 55 8 children Arthur + Catherine of Aragon (Spain) Henry
BASIC DIFFERENCE BETWEEN CATHOLIC AND PROTESTANT CHURCHES PLAIN DECORATED STONE ALTER WOODEN TABLE PAINTINGS ON WALLS VITRO CLEAR WALLS BIBLE IN ENGLISH PRIESTS BACK TO THE PEOPLE PRIESTS CANT MARRY HEAD IS THE POPE SERVICES IN LATIN NEW PRAYER BOOK MINISTERS CHOOSEN BY PEOPLE
Religion was a great problem for the Tudors . When Henry VIII came to the throne, England was Catholic . Henry VIII changed the church so he could grant himself a divorce and marry Anne Boleyn - because he wanted a son so much. Henry started the Protestant church in England, known as the Henrician Reformation. When Henry died in 1547, his son, Edward VI became King. He was a strong Protestant . When Edward VI died, Mary became Queen. She was a very strong Catholic - so changed religion back again. Elizabeth tried to find a balance between the two religions, hoping to stop the problems that religion had caused England. As she tried to find a solution, this is often known as ' a middle way '. http://www.schoolhistory.co.uk/lessons/elizabethi/rollercoaster.htm