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Summarizing information presentation



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  • 1. Summarizing Information English I NCVPS
  • 2. What Does This Mean?
    • A summary is a brief review of the main ideas and key supporting details of whatever text you’re reading.
    • It might help to go back and review your PowerPoint Presentation on main ideas and supporting details before moving on.
  • 3. What’s the Point?
    • The point of summarizing properly is to prove or demonstrate that you understand what you’re reading.
    • Your goal is to include only enough information to convey the gist of the text.
    • A summary should always be much shorter than the original.
  • 4. How is this different from Paraphrasing?
    • Great Question!
    • Paraphrasing puts an entire passage or speech or text into your own words, and credit is always given to the original speaker or writer.
    • It’s not uncommon to include direct quotes in a paraphrase.
  • 5. Summarizing v/s Paraphrasing
    • Summarizing is focusing only on the main ideas ~ the key phrases and words ~ and any important supporting details.
    • Very rarely, ideally never, will you use direct quotes.
    • While paraphrasing is a more condensed version of the original, a summary is a super concise, to-the-point piece of writing.
  • 6. To Summarize. . .
    • . . .tell me what I need to know, but KEEP IT BRIEF.
    • (We just summarized four slides worth of information into 10 words which clearly convey the main idea of summarizing. Isn’t that amazing?!?!)
  • 7. How Do I Do This?
    • Read carefully through the text.
    • While you’re doing this, try to answer these simple questions:
      • Who, What, When, Where, Why and How
  • 8.
    • For fictional pieces, think of these questions in this manner:
      • What is the setting of the story?
      • Who are the main characters?
      • What are the main conflicts?
      • How are these conflicts resolved?
  • 9. So Far So Good!
    • Next, looking at the text, write down ONLY key words or phrases that help to convey the main idea, or the answers to the questions of who, what, etc.
    • Do not include your own ideas and opinions.
    • Do not include any direct quotations.
  • 10. Finish it up
    • Now take these main ideas, supporting information and /or answers to our key questions of who, what, etc. and write a brief paragraph.
    • This brief paragraph should demonstrate that you clearly understand what you’re reading.
  • 11. Remember. . .
    • Keep it Real
    • but
    • Keep it Brief!!!