Cause and effect presentation
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Cause and effect presentation Presentation Transcript

  • 1. Cause and Effect English I NCVPS
  • 2. What are cause and effect?
    • Cause is the reason for an action or event.
    • Effect is the result of what happened.
    • In other words, cause is the why something happens, and effect is the what that has occurred as a result.
  • 3. Connecting Words
    • “ Connecting words” can sometimes help us to better see the cause of something and its effect.
    • Here’s a list of some common connecting words:
    • because, consequently, therefore, since,
    • as a result, so, thus, nevertheless, however
  • 4. Let’s look at a few examples of cause and effect.
    • CAUSE
    • The little boy played hard all day without a nap.
    • Mom was in the kitchen cooking all afternoon.
    • Nancy studied all weekend for her math test.
      • EFFECT
    • The little boy went to bed early.
    • The family enjoyed a delicious meal for dinner.
    • Nancy earned an A on the test.
  • 5. Now let’s try applying a connecting word.
    • CAUSE
    • The little boy played hard all day without a nap.
    • Mom was in the kitchen cooking all afternoon.
    • Nancy studied all weekend for her math test.
    • EFFECT
    • therefore , the little boy went to bed early.
    • thus , the family enjoyed a delicious meal for dinner.
    • as a result , Nancy earned an A on the test.
  • 6. Let’s look at a few more.
    • CAUSE
    • The young girl gave her little brother all her rubber snakes.
    • The children played all afternoon in the creek.
    • Cooper asked to have hotdogs for his birthday dinner.
    • EFFECT
    • He played with them all the time.
    • They were soaking wet when they got home.
    • It is his favorite meal.
  • 7. Let’s try it again with a connecting word.
    • CAUSE
    • The young girl gave her little brother all her rubber snakes.
    • The children played all afternoon in the creek.
    • Cooper asked to have hotdogs for his birthday dinner.
    • EFFECT
    • because he played with them all the time.
    • consequently , they were soaking wet when they got home.
    • since it is his favorite meal.
  • 8.
    • Let’s apply cause and effect to some short stories you’ve already read.
  • 9. “ The Most Dangerous Game”
    • CAUSE: At the end of the story, Rainsford must duel Zaroff if he has any hope of surviving.
    • EFFECT: Rainsford defeats Zaroff and lives; in fact, he gets to sleep in Zaroff’s wonderfully comfortable bed!
  • 10. “ The Gift of the Magi”
    • CAUSE: In order to buy each other a Christmas present, Della and Jim must each first sell their own prized possession.
    • EFFECT: As a result of such selfless acts, Della and Jim realize how much they truly love one another, and that love is more valuable than any object ever could be.
  • 11. “ The Interlopers”
    • CAUSE: Georg and Ulrich, bitter and feuding enemies, lay trapped under a tree and cannot move.
    • EFFECT: Because of this, they finally talk and get to know each other. They each discover that their supposed ‘enemy’ is actually a good man. (unfortunately for them, the story has a bit of a tragic ending, doesn’t it?!)
  • 12. Now it’s your turn!
    • Ok, we’ve looked at lots of different examples of the relationship between cause and effect. Now it’s your turn to apply what you know.
    • After this, you’ll go back to the course and take a brief quiz that will test your knowledge, so if you need to, review this power point, and make sure you take notes. You can use them on the quiz!