Cause and Effect English I NCVPS
What are cause and effect? <ul><li>Cause  is the  reason  for an action or event.  </li></ul><ul><li>Effect  is the  resul...
Connecting Words <ul><li>“ Connecting words” can sometimes help us to better see the cause of something and its effect. </...
Let’s look at a few examples of cause and effect. <ul><li>CAUSE </li></ul><ul><li>The little boy played hard all day witho...
Now let’s try applying a connecting word. <ul><li>CAUSE </li></ul><ul><li>The little boy played hard all day without a nap...
Let’s look at a few more. <ul><li>CAUSE </li></ul><ul><li>The young girl gave her little brother all her rubber snakes. </...
Let’s try it again with a connecting word. <ul><li>CAUSE </li></ul><ul><li>The young girl gave her little brother all her ...
<ul><li>Let’s apply cause and effect to some short stories you’ve already read. </li></ul>
“ The Most Dangerous Game” <ul><li>CAUSE:  At the end of the story, Rainsford must duel Zaroff if he has any hope of survi...
“ The Gift of the Magi” <ul><li>CAUSE:  In order to buy each other a Christmas present, Della and Jim must each first sell...
“ The Interlopers” <ul><li>CAUSE:  Georg and Ulrich, bitter and feuding enemies, lay trapped under a tree and cannot move....
Now it’s your turn! <ul><li>Ok, we’ve looked at lots of different examples of the relationship between cause and effect. N...
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  1. 1. Cause and Effect English I NCVPS
  2. 2. What are cause and effect? <ul><li>Cause is the reason for an action or event. </li></ul><ul><li>Effect is the result of what happened. </li></ul><ul><li>In other words, cause is the why something happens, and effect is the what that has occurred as a result. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Connecting Words <ul><li>“ Connecting words” can sometimes help us to better see the cause of something and its effect. </li></ul><ul><li>Here’s a list of some common connecting words: </li></ul><ul><li>because, consequently, therefore, since, </li></ul><ul><li>as a result, so, thus, nevertheless, however </li></ul>
  4. 4. Let’s look at a few examples of cause and effect. <ul><li>CAUSE </li></ul><ul><li>The little boy played hard all day without a nap. </li></ul><ul><li>Mom was in the kitchen cooking all afternoon. </li></ul><ul><li>Nancy studied all weekend for her math test. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>EFFECT </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The little boy went to bed early. </li></ul><ul><li>The family enjoyed a delicious meal for dinner. </li></ul><ul><li>Nancy earned an A on the test. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Now let’s try applying a connecting word. <ul><li>CAUSE </li></ul><ul><li>The little boy played hard all day without a nap. </li></ul><ul><li>Mom was in the kitchen cooking all afternoon. </li></ul><ul><li>Nancy studied all weekend for her math test. </li></ul><ul><li>EFFECT </li></ul><ul><li>therefore , the little boy went to bed early. </li></ul><ul><li>thus , the family enjoyed a delicious meal for dinner. </li></ul><ul><li>as a result , Nancy earned an A on the test. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Let’s look at a few more. <ul><li>CAUSE </li></ul><ul><li>The young girl gave her little brother all her rubber snakes. </li></ul><ul><li>The children played all afternoon in the creek. </li></ul><ul><li>Cooper asked to have hotdogs for his birthday dinner. </li></ul><ul><li>EFFECT </li></ul><ul><li>He played with them all the time. </li></ul><ul><li>They were soaking wet when they got home. </li></ul><ul><li>It is his favorite meal. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Let’s try it again with a connecting word. <ul><li>CAUSE </li></ul><ul><li>The young girl gave her little brother all her rubber snakes. </li></ul><ul><li>The children played all afternoon in the creek. </li></ul><ul><li>Cooper asked to have hotdogs for his birthday dinner. </li></ul><ul><li>EFFECT </li></ul><ul><li>because he played with them all the time. </li></ul><ul><li>consequently , they were soaking wet when they got home. </li></ul><ul><li>since it is his favorite meal. </li></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>Let’s apply cause and effect to some short stories you’ve already read. </li></ul>
  9. 9. “ The Most Dangerous Game” <ul><li>CAUSE: At the end of the story, Rainsford must duel Zaroff if he has any hope of surviving. </li></ul><ul><li>EFFECT: Rainsford defeats Zaroff and lives; in fact, he gets to sleep in Zaroff’s wonderfully comfortable bed! </li></ul>
  10. 10. “ The Gift of the Magi” <ul><li>CAUSE: In order to buy each other a Christmas present, Della and Jim must each first sell their own prized possession. </li></ul><ul><li>EFFECT: As a result of such selfless acts, Della and Jim realize how much they truly love one another, and that love is more valuable than any object ever could be. </li></ul>
  11. 11. “ The Interlopers” <ul><li>CAUSE: Georg and Ulrich, bitter and feuding enemies, lay trapped under a tree and cannot move. </li></ul><ul><li>EFFECT: Because of this, they finally talk and get to know each other. They each discover that their supposed ‘enemy’ is actually a good man. (unfortunately for them, the story has a bit of a tragic ending, doesn’t it?!) </li></ul>
  12. 12. Now it’s your turn! <ul><li>Ok, we’ve looked at lots of different examples of the relationship between cause and effect. Now it’s your turn to apply what you know. </li></ul><ul><li>After this, you’ll go back to the course and take a brief quiz that will test your knowledge, so if you need to, review this power point, and make sure you take notes. You can use them on the quiz! </li></ul>
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