A quick guide to citing
for research papers
Library Resource Centre
May 16th, 2014
•What is a citation?
•Introduction to MLA – key features
•How to build a citation
• Gives credit to the people whose ideas you used
• Provides the reader with immediate information about the
sources you consulted
• Adds credibility to your work
• Shows you have considered a variety of sources (and
• Helps you avoid plagiarizing
Integrity in Writing :
• Academic Integrity
is respect for the
community you are
• You are responsible
for the quality of the
work you submit.
• Plagiarism is failing to
give credit for the
words, ideas or
concepts you get
from any source.
Avoid plagiarism by:
• Using source
• Referencing that
Sources that do not have to be referenced
• Your own ideas –
conclude from your
research / think of
• Exception: work that
has previously been
if you have any
doubts, cite your
source and consult
with your instructor.
• i.e. AIDS is a disease
that can be
managed, but not
What is a citation?
• Citation: reference that allows you to acknowledge the
sources you use in an academic paper. It helps the reader
locate those sources using the key information provided.
• Citations are placed both in text and in an organized list
at the end of you paper(unless you use a footnote or
• Developed by the Modern Language Association.
• Widely used in the Humanities.
• Uses in-text citations with essential information only: author, title,
• Full citations appear in the bibliography called a “works cited”
• The primary source for determining how to use MLA style
referencing is the MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers.
• In-text citations contain only enough information to allow
readers to find the corresponding source on the work cited
• MLA style referencing uses parenthetical in-text citations.
• If the author’s name is mentioned in the text, only the page
number appears. e.g. “According to Anderson…” (7).
Part 1: In-Text Citations
• Author appears in text: According to Anderson…(7).
• 2-3 authors: (Anderson, Smith and Young 22)
• 4 or more authors: (Anderson et al. 22)
• Multiple works by the same author: (Anderson Cage 122)
• No author (The Family Handyman, 45)
• This section appears at the end of your work – and is called
“Works Cited,” not “References” or “Bibliography.”
• Entries appear in alphabetical order by the authors’
• If there is no author the title is used.
• The first line of each entry is not indented (called a hanging
indent). Lines beyond the first of each entry must be
indented a half inch.
Part 2: Works Cited Page
Work Cited Example
• Book citation:
Campanario, Gabriel. The Art Of Urban Sketching : Drawing
On Location Around The World. Beverly, Mass. : Quarry
Books, 2012. Print.
• Remember - referencing must always be done according
to your instructor’s requirements.
Author . Title . Place of publication : Publisher , Year . Medium .
Practice Makes Perfect
Husband, Ron. Quick Sketching With Ron Husband.
Burlington, MA. : Focal Press, 2013.Print.
Unwin, Simon. "Analysing Architecture Through Drawing."
Building Research & Information 35.1 (2007): 101-110.
Business Source Complete. Web. 16 May 2014.
Breckenridge, Mary B. "Designer's New Book Emphasizes
Planning." Times – Colonist [Victoria B.C.] 27 Apr. 2011.
ProQuest. Web. 16 May 2014 .
• Web-based citation manager
• Generates bibliographies
• Maintains a personal database of citations
• Inserts in-text references into your paper
• Allows users to share information with other account holders
Be sure to verify your work. Computers can make mistakes.
Citation style manuals and guides are available at the Library.
• Visit the Writing Centre for academic writing help advice.