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  • 1. Problem Statement Smart Communities Social Capital Research Methods Research Question Stakeholders “ E-stablishing Inclusion: Social capital and the role of smart communities in advancing local economic development.” 14 th June 2006 Zulisnita Annieda Ainul Azyan [email_address] Introduction
  • 2.  
  • 3. Introduction Problem Statement Smart Communities Social Capital Research Methods Research Question Stakeholders Introduction Why are we here?
  • 4. What is the research problem? Introduction Problem Statement Smart Communities Social Capital Research Methods Research Question Stakeholders Social capital and roles that smart communities play at community level has not been thoroughly understood. Social capital measurements used does not measure up to the identity of the community. Low levels of participation and inclusion in the information society reduce the growth potential of the economy and lessen innovation opportunities.
  • 5.
    • “ ..conscious effort to use information technology to transform life and work within its region in significant and fundamental ways.”
    Why Smart Communities? Introduction Problem Statement Smart Communities Social Capital Research Methods Research Question Stakeholders
  • 6. Do Smart Communities Have An Economic Payoff? Introduction Problem Statement Smart Communities Social Capital Research Methods Research Question Stakeholders
  • 7. Introduction Problem Statement Smart Communities Social Capital Research Methods Research Question Stakeholders Social Capital Community
  • 8. Introduction Problem Statement Smart Communities Social Capital Research Methods Research Question Stakeholders Social capital * Knowledge Economy *A situation where value lies increasingly in new ideas, software, services and relationships. “… .networks, norms, and trust that enable participants to act together more effectively to pursue shared objectives.” – (Putnam, 2000) 3 types of social capital Bridging (people in phone and email-lists, do not contact regularly but important) Bonding (classmates, colleagues & etc) Linking (connections with people in power) Missing link?
  • 9. Introduction Problem Statement Smart Communities Social Capital Research Methods Research Question Stakeholders Social capital channels Social capital works through multiple channels SOCIAL NETWORKS HAVE VALUE Norms of reciprocity Broader identities and solidarity Collective action Information flows
  • 10. Introduction Problem Statement Smart Communities Social Capital Research Methods Research Question Stakeholders Social capital examples
  • 11. What is the relationship like? Introduction Problem Statement Smart Communities Social Capital Research Methods Research Question Stakeholders Applied E-stablish Inclusion Local Community Economy Smart Communities / Network Society Social capital
  • 12. Why do this research? Introduction Problem Statement Smart Communities Social Capital Research Question Research Methods Stakeholders Availability of £77 million New Opportunities Fund Social capital and smart communities being local economic drivers Drivers
    • Wired communities project
    • Digital communities initiative
    • ICT Learning centers
    • Community grid for learning
    • ICT enabled healthy living center
    • Electronic Village Halls
    • services online
    • provide employment access
    • local websites
    • awareness on health, housing, rights and benefits
    • local businesses stimulation
    • provide opportunities
    • promoting arts
    • Robert Putnam & Howard Rheingold
    • Local ownership of local development projects
    • Reduction of transaction costs (social capital)
    What they will provide
  • 13. Stakeholders Introduction Problem Statement Smart Communities Social Capital Research Methods Research Question Stakeholders
    • Businesses
    • Education and Health Institutions
    • Non-profit organizations
    • Government
    Others include: Other research institutions, policy makers, professionals in specific related service areas
    • Community residents and community neighbours
  • 14.
    • How can participation online in locally smart communities supported by social capital lead to an increase in local economy developments ?
    • How can participation online in smart communities supported by social capital lead to more participation in the community or to further fragmentation and isolation?
    • How can smart communities supported by social capital provide a foundation for the growth of trust and a sense of belonging?
    Introduction Problem Statement Smart Communities Social Capital Research Methods Research Question Stakeholders 3 Main Research Questions
  • 15. Introduction Problem Statement Smart Communities Social Capital Research Methods Research Question Stakeholders Research Methods
    • Design: Cross-sectional survey
    • Population of interest: Residents of Egham and Englefield Green
    • Method: Grounded theory, inductive
    • Sample selection: Generate list and select sample using stratified
    • random sampling
    DATA COLLECTION
    • In-depth interviews, structured questionnaire, experiments
    DATA ANALYSIS Qualitative Quantitative
    • Transcription
    • Typing out field notes
    • Analysis and interpretation
    • Data entry, editing
    • Descriptive analysis and
    • inferential analysis
  • 16. Data & Sample Data Quantitative Sample Data Residents of Egham and Englefield Green Qualitative Sample data Key informants including religious leaders, bankers, Public safety officials , school administrators, agency admin, chamber of commerce and professionals in specific areas. Introduction Problem Statement Smart Communities Social Capital Research Methods Research Question Stakeholders QUANTITATIVE DATA PRIMARY DATA: Structured questionnaire SECONDARY DATA: Public records/stats QUALITATIVE DATA PRIMARY DATA: interviews SECONDARY DATA: Document studies Random experimentations : logbook
  • 17. Introduction Problem Statement Smart Communities Social Capital Stakeholders Research Question Research Methods Summary
    • A better understanding of social capital and the role of smart communities in fostering a more inclusive information society in the UK.
    • A social policy development framework will be designed to increase levels of participation and inclusion in the network society.
    • Explore the missing link.
    Results from this research will hope to develop:-
  • 18. Introduction Problem Statement Smart Communities Social Capital Research Methods Research Question Stakeholders What are the possible arguments? “ ICT diminishing social capital?” “ ICT supplementing social capital?” “ ICT transforming social capital through *‘balkanising’ society?” “ ICT transforming social capital through empowering?” * Balkanize - divide a territory into small, hostile states Possible issues
  • 19. THANK YOU FOR LISTENING Email comments/questions to: z.a.ainul-azyan@rhul.ac.uk
  • 20. Additional notes: What is your research about?
    • Create new measurements of social capital which
    • identifies with the community specified.
    • Explore the missing link in social capital within
    • sustainable smart communities.
    • Understanding the relationship developed between
    • social capital and smart communities under the ICT
    • Social Exclusion Unit Strategy.