Bangkok

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Bangkok

  1. 1. Bangkok By Elizabeth Fung Period 5
  2. 2. History <ul><li>Burmese army invaded Ayutthaya in 1767 </li></ul><ul><li>Thai general, Phraya Taksin, established new capital at Thonburi </li></ul><ul><li>Taksin named himself King </li></ul><ul><li>Overthrown and Choa Phraya Chakri became king </li></ul><ul><li>Chakri moved capital to eastern bank founding Bangkok in 1782 </li></ul><ul><li>Bangkok continued to expand due to trade </li></ul>
  3. 3. Cultural Traditions and Customs
  4. 4. The Wai <ul><ul><li>Common form of greeting </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Adhered to strict rules of protocol </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sign of respect </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Younger person first to offer the Wai </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Greatest aspect of Thai culture </li></ul></ul>Wai is when a person joins both hands to either head or chest level while bending the head slightly towards the hands.
  5. 5. Buddhism in Bangkok <ul><li>Buddhism has a large influence on culture </li></ul><ul><li>90% practice Buddhism </li></ul><ul><li>Bangkok noted for marble temples and golden Buddhas </li></ul><ul><li>Monks can be seen making daily rounds for alms </li></ul>Wat Phra Kaew The most important temple in Thailand Located within the grounds of the Grand Palace
  6. 6. Thai Classical Dance <ul><li>Main dramatic art form </li></ul><ul><li>Classical masked dance </li></ul><ul><li>Began as court entertainment </li></ul><ul><li>Most stylized form </li></ul><ul><li>Influenced by Indian culture </li></ul><ul><li>Scenes taken from episodes in Thai literature based on the Indian Ramayana epic </li></ul>Kohn Dance
  7. 7. Thai Cuisine <ul><li>Grilling </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Thailand has abundant supply of wood </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Boiling </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Used clay pots to boil food </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Influence from China and the West </li></ul><ul><li>Chili, herbs, ginger, fish sauce, seafood </li></ul><ul><li>Dishes are generally light </li></ul><ul><li>Large animals not used in big pieces </li></ul>
  8. 8. Central Business District <ul><li>CBD located in bend of Chao Phaya River. West of Old City and Chinatown </li></ul><ul><li>Densely built up </li></ul><ul><li>Many architectural monuments </li></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>Has city’s top hotels, restaurants, and entertainment </li></ul><ul><li>Silom Rd. liveliest area for nightlife </li></ul><ul><li>Government buildings located in northern downtown </li></ul>
  10. 10. Zoning Rules <ul><li>New zoning rules from 2004 directly indicate Floor Area Ratio (FAR), which dictates the maximum buildable area on a plot of land. </li></ul><ul><li>New zoning limited height and size of buildings depending on the zones and the width of the frontage road </li></ul><ul><li>New large scale commercial real estate projects can only develop on major roads in Bangkok CBD </li></ul>
  11. 11. Land Use and Development <ul><li>Large amounts of unused land in the center </li></ul><ul><li>Mixed Use of land use </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Difficult and costly to provide basic urban services </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Middle and upper class all on one side </li></ul><ul><li>Zoning regulations not enforced </li></ul><ul><li>Buddhist temples own substantial land </li></ul>
  12. 12. Regional spatial development plan (proposal) for Bangkok and outlying areas
  13. 13. Location <ul><li>Absolute: 13° 45′ 8″ N, 100° 29′ 38″ E </li></ul><ul><li>Relative: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Southern Thailand right above the large projecting extension. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>East of the Chao Phraya River. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>East of Thonburi and south of Nonthaburi </li></ul></ul>
  14. 14. Demographics <ul><li>Population: 9 million </li></ul><ul><li>Religion: 94% Buddhist, 4% Muslim </li></ul><ul><li>Area : 1,500 square kilometers (932 square miles) </li></ul><ul><li>Ethnic Affiliation: 80% Thai, 10-14% Chinese, 5% other </li></ul><ul><li>Age Structure: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>0 - 24 years 37.4 % </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>25 - 49 years 45.93 % </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>50 - 69 years 10.13 % </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>70+ years 3.19% </li></ul></ul>
  15. 15. Infrastructure <ul><li>Leading exports: processed food, wood, and textiles </li></ul><ul><li>Industrial plants: rice mills, cement factories, sawmills, oil refineries, and shipyards </li></ul><ul><li>Extensive railway system </li></ul><ul><li>Buddhist temples large part of landscape </li></ul>
  16. 16. City Classification <ul><li>A Gamma World City </li></ul><ul><li>Bangkok is Thailand’s international gateway </li></ul><ul><li>Megalopolis </li></ul><ul><li>Semi-periphery nation </li></ul>
  17. 17. Sources <ul><li>http://www.buddhist-tourism.com/countries/thailand/destinations/bangkok.html </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.thailandbuddy.com/culture/Thai-Culture-And-Customs-Resource.html </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.chiangmai-chiangrai.com/thai_classical_dance.html </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.thailand-guide.org/traditional-music/index.htm </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.bangkok.com/thai-food/index.html </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.thailandguru.com/bangkok-central-business-district.html </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.planetware.com/map/bangkok-downtown-bangkok-map-tha-tha147.htm </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.mapsofworld.com/cities/thailand/bangkok/ </li></ul>

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