safeguarding 3

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safeguarding 3

  1. 1. Session 3 Test
  2. 2. <ul><li>Why do professionals draw upon theory in their work? </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>People who work with children and families actually draw upon a range of theories which can be traced to a number of different disciplines. We need to distinguish 'multi-professional' and ' multi-disciplinary' and then recognize that some of the problems in multi-professional practice arise on account of the different disciplinary biases of different professionals. Nurses and doctors draw heavily upon biology as well as psychology; social workers draw upon psychology, ecology, sociology, policy; a priest working in a hospice for children dying of cancer will be influenced by theology. </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>How does socio biology affect current child upbringing in society today? </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>It has been argued that the higher incidence of child abuse and neglect among disabled children and their parent families reflects the fact that disabled children do not promote the survival of the fittest and are consequently left to die in the animal kingdom and neglected in human society, and that stepparents had no genetic investment in a child who is not their own and consequently they are more likely to abuse or neglect such a child. </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>What does it mean if a practitioner takes an ecological perspective? </li></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>Most professionals who work with children and families will tell you that they adopt an ecological approach and the DoH assessment framework is designed on the basis of ecology. What people mean when they speak about ecology is that they are looking at the problem in a holistic manner, so that a child lives in a family, and has an extended family, and this family lives in a neighbourhood which in turn is situated within a nation-state, and all these things have an influence upon the life of the child, for better or for worse, which can be represented as a series of concentric circles. But we need to problematise ecology because it can be framed with reference to three different disciplines, and the ways in which we frame it will have implications for policy and practice, and they represent different political ideologies. </li></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>How is ecology framed by psychology? </li></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>The ecology which dominates in many political and professional circles is one framed by psychology. This has been invoked in the UK as an explanation for poverty and pathology in some working class families and communities; a culture tends to be transmitted from one generation to the next, and some cultures are dominated by domestic violence, neglect of children, substance misuse and the like. There is some truth in this but it can be dangerous if it is used as an excuse for the failings of policies and professional interventions i.e. we can't help them because they won't help themselves. </li></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><li>How is attachement associated with social care? </li></ul>
  11. 11. <ul><li>Attachment theory has become central to social work and we have studies of foster carers and foster children, adoptive parents and adopted children, attachment patterns in abusive families. </li></ul>
  12. 12. <ul><li>What are the benefits of attatchement for a child? </li></ul>
  13. 13. <ul><li>Confidence </li></ul><ul><li>Explore environment </li></ul><ul><li>Make bonds – move away from carer </li></ul><ul><li>Good socially </li></ul><ul><li>Strive in education </li></ul><ul><li>Behaviour more complient </li></ul>

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