Learning Outcomes•Heighten awareness of threestructure of literature selections•Enhance appreciation of stylisticoptions•Compare different interpretativestrategies
Let’s get the most out of literature Reading literaryselections, poems, shortstories, novels, plays, or essays, not onlyprovide pleasure. The task also developedyour analytical skills as you must considereach of the parts of the text separatelybefore you can interpret the meaning ofthe entire work and eventually appreciatereading.
Poems express idea in atighter, more compact way that prose asthey do not include details andexplanations common to the short ofthe novel. They are moreconcentrated, suggestive andrhythmical than prose as they resort tothe use of symbols, figurativelanguage, and imagery, which tend toleave more to a reader’s imaginationrather than giving everything he needs
Lyric poems expresses theobservations and feeling of a singlespeaker.Narrative poems are the stories towhich all the elements of a shortstories are found.
Poems maybe in the form ofHaiku, an unrhyme verseform, consisting of three lines.The first and third lines contain fivesyllables while the second lineconsists of seven syllables.
Example: The python got up When I walked on the grass Afterwars, He was still. (Aida Villanueva)
A Tanka is another verse form. Ithas thiirty-one syllables arranged infive lines (five,seven,five,seven,seven)Example: The angry wind blows The branches of tree move I shiver with fear. Then the sky groans and it cries Dreas seizes me and I swoon.
A Cinquain is a poetic unrhymeform consisting of five lines. It comesin three formats:Pattern #1: Line 1: One word Line 2: Two words Line 3: Three words Line 4: Four words Line 5: One word
Pattern #2: Line 1: A noun Line 2: Two adjectives Line 3: Three-ing words Line 4: A phrase Line 5: Another word for the nounPattern #3: Line 1: Two syllables Line 2: Foure syllables Line 3: Six syllables Line 4: Eight Syllables Line 5: Two syllables
A Diamante is a seven-line, diamond-shaped poem. It has the following formats:Line 1: a noun that contrast line 7Line 2: two adjectives that describe line 1Line 3: three action verbs that relate to line 1Line 4: four nouns, the first two relate to line 1;the last two relate to line 7.Line 5: three action verbs that relate to line 7Line 6: two adjectives that describes line 7Line 7: a noun that contrasts the line 1
Peace tranquil, placidmusing, meditating, contemplati ngSerenity, calmness, gloom, death crying,suffering,writhing sorrowful,deflorable war (Aida Villanueva)
Short stories are also literary type whichyou may find interesting as it deals with thefantastic or the unusual. You will also find in short storieselements such as :•Plot•Character•Setting•Point of view•Theme.
Like lyric poems, they areconcise; hence they can be read inone sitting. They create a singleeffect, or dominant impression, onthe reader. The events usuallycommunicate an idea about life orhuman nature.