Adult learning principles and facilitation

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  • 1. Train the TrainerAdult Learning Principles and Facilitation
  • 2. Characteristics of Adult Learners  Self-directing  Experience becomes foundation and resource in learning  Readiness to learn oriented to developmental tasks of social roles  Need to see immediate application of knowledge  Internal motivators
  • 3. Assumptions about Adult Learners1. Adults need to know why, what, and how they will learn2. Adults need to learn experientially3. Adults approach learning as problem- solving4. Adults learn best when the topic is of immediate value.5. Adults view learning as an active process in the construction of meaning
  • 4. Laws of Learning Doing Effect Exercise Primacy
  • 5. How we Learn-Auditory, Visual,Kinesthetic We learn: We Remember: 1% through taste 10% of what we read 1.5% through touch 20% of what we hear 3.5% through smell 30% of what we see 11% through 50% of what we see hearing and hear 83% through sight 80% of what we say 90% of what we say as we act
  • 6. 9 Principles of Adult Learning R Recency A Appropriateness M Motivation P Primacy 2 2 – way communication F Feedback A Active Learning M Multi-sense learning E Exercise
  • 7. Methods of InstructionTelling 70% recall 3 hrs 10% recall 3 daysShowing 72% recall 3 hrs 20% recall 3 daysShow & Tell 85% recall 3 hrs 65% recall 3 days
  • 8. Adult Learners are goal-oriented and opportunity driven Use their experience to help out their learning Learn best in informal, pleasant environments
  • 9. Our Role as TrainersExpert Transmits information about a subject to an audience Planner Designs or plans the learning experience or the learning environment
  • 10. Our Role as TrainersInstructor Guides or directs the learning situation often telling the student what to do Facilitator Responds to the students needs and lends guidance and support
  • 11. Our Role as TrainersResource Person Provides materials and information to the studentsModel Role Models or influences behavior and values Co-Learner Learns along side the student. Mutually plans the learning goals
  • 12. Effective Facilitation Establish a comfortable learning environment Develop and manage participation Deliver a clear and concise message Elicit feedback
  • 13. Resources: Name of Web Page URLSeven Characteristics of Highly http://www.newhorizons.org/article_billington1.Effective Adult Learning Programs htmlTeaching Adults: Is it Different? http://www.ericacve.org/docs/teac-adu.htmThe Skillful use of questions in http://www.joshhunt.com/question.htmlteaching adultsLearning to Learn Site http://snow.utoronto.ca/Learn2/introll.htmlTeaching Tips Index http://www.hcc.hawaii.edu/intranet/committees/ FacDevCom/guidebk/teachtip/teachtip.htmOn line training manual http://www.queensu.ca/idc/trainers/index.htmlAdult Learning Principles http://www.sfx.adl.catholic.edu.au/adult_learnin g_principles.htmUsing Adult Learning Principles in http://ericacve.org/docs/pab00008.htmAdult Basic and Literacy EducationAdult Learning Online http://www.agt.net/public/tddewar/oned2.html
  • 14. Resources: Evidence-Based Name of Web Page URLMedlinePlus Guide to Healthy Web http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/healthywebSurfing surfing.htmlEvidence-Based Education http://www.ons.org/nursingEd/documents/pGuidelines dfs/guidelines.pdfHealthLinks University of http://healthlinks.washington.edu/howto/ciWashington nalSearching Cinahl: Nursing andAllied HealthWelcome to Evidence-Based http://www.biomed.lib.umn.edu/learn/ebp/Practice: An InterprofessionalTutorialNGC-National Guideline http://www.guidelines.gov/Clearinghouse
  • 15. Let’s Practice!