Information about hiv and aids


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Aids is the short form of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome disease which kills the disease fighting ability of the body that it can no longer protect you against infection and diseases..

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Information about hiv and aids

  1. 1. Basic Information About AIDS and HIV Presented By Liza Watts HIV/AIDS ­ The Knowledge Starts Here...
  2. 2. What Is HIV & AIDS?
  3. 3. HIV• “Human Immunodeficiency Syndrome”• A specific type of virus (a retrovirus)
  4. 4. AIDS• Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome• HIV is the virus that causes AIDS• Disease limits the body’s ability to fightinfection• A person with AIDS has a very weakimmune system
  5. 5. Four Stages of HIV
  6. 6. Stage 1 - Primary• Short, flu-like illness - occurs one to sixweeks after infection• no symptoms at all• Infected person can infect other people
  7. 7. Stage 2 - Asymptomatic• Lasts for an average of ten years• This stage is free from symptoms• There may be swollen glands• The level of HIV in the blood drops to verylow levels• HIV antibodies are detectable in the blood
  8. 8. Stage 3 - Symptomatic• The symptoms are mild• The immune system deteriorates• Emergence of opportunistic infectionsand cancers
  9. 9. Stage 4 - HIV AIDS• The immune system weakens• The illnesses become more severe leading toan AIDS diagnosis
  10. 10. Modes of HIV/AIDS Transmission
  11. 11. Through Bodily Fluids• Blood products• Semen• Vaginal fluids• Breast Milk
  12. 12. Through IV Drug Use• Sharing Needles• Without sterilization• Increases the chances of contractingHIV
  13. 13. Through Sex• Intercourse (penile penetration into thevagina)• Oral• Anal• Digital Sex
  14. 14. Mother-to-Baby• Before Birth• During Birth• Postpartum• After the birth
  15. 15. Counseling
  16. 16. Pre-test Counseling• Transmission• Prevention• Risk Factors• Voluntary & Confidential• Reportability of Positive Test Results
  17. 17. Four ways to protect yourself?• Abstinence• Monogamous Relationship• Protected Sex• Sterile needles
  18. 18. Protected Sex• Use condoms (female or male) every time youhave sex (vaginal or anal)• Always use latex or polyurethane condom (not anatural skin condom)• Always use a latex barrier during oral sex
  19. 19. When Using A Condom Remember To• Make sure the package is not expired• Make sure to check the package for damages• Do not open the package with your teeth for riskof tearing• Never use the condom more than once• Use water-based rather than oil-based condoms
  20. 20. Sterile Needles• If a needle/syringe or cooker is shared, itmust be disinfected:• Fill the syringe with undiluted bleach and waitat least 30 seconds.• thoroughly rinse with water• Do this between each person’s use
  21. 21. Reference Links How You Get Aids Causes of HIV Aids Living with HIV
  22. 22. Thank You!Email : Follow Me