Welcome                        To                  Presentation                       BySampurna Gram Vikas Kendra Panki R...
Project Title Revival of Ahar-Pyne : Traditional Water  Management System in Palamu District of  Jharkhand.
Target Groups Dalit Tribes Marginal farmers CBOs
Coverage Area   State          :   Jharkhand   District       :   Palamu   Block          :   Paton   Village        :...
Project Objective Systematically revive the traditional Ahar-Pyne  system in Angra village of Palamu district  supplement...
Historical Background of DBI Scarcity of Irrigation Structures. Diminishing Traditional Ahar-Pyne System Mismanagement ...
Historical Background of DBI The village is dominated by Scheduled Tribes  mostly Oraon (69.9%) and Schedule Castes  (30%...
Historical Background of DBI     Agriculture and Livelihood Rainfed agriculture. Drought Prone Area Major source of irr...
Historical Background of DBI      Demographics and Resource               Details Angra is one of the revenue villages of...
Historical Background of DBI  It is endowed by rich forest resources with trees   like Shorea robusta (Sal), Madhuca indi...
Historical Background of DBI                Land Resources                         Land Type         Area in acre         ...
Historical Background of DBI                Irrigation Status    Sources       Numbers Area Irrigated     Crops           ...
Our Intervention Renovation of Ahar Pyne. Formation of water user groups and  management of irrigation. Technical     s...
Implemented activities Base Line survey-Land holding, crop pattern, agricultural  productivity, livelihood status, irriga...
Implemented Physical Activity Sramadan (Labour contribution ) for desiltation of Pyne  (2090 10 1.5)     in 5 phases, 500...
AchievementYear   No. of      Household          Acre      Acre     Acres       village     benefited       Irrigated Irri...
AchievementYear No .of       Household           Acre      Acre     Acres     village      benefited        Irrigated Irri...
AchievementStructure                 Beneficiaries Irrigated Land                                        (acre)Navlakha Da...
Innovations Pipe line from Nawlakha checkdam was  deviated to reduce the cost of trench  digging. Fish farming was adopt...
Difficulties Faced Local Naxalite groups demanded for levy  which delayed completion of physical  activity. Process follo...
Scope for Diversion Based Irrigation Undulating Topography and          traditional  natural structure like Ahar-Pyne abu...
Suggestion for better implementation Linkage    with   Government        schemes,  MNREGA. Awareness generation among vi...
Shramdan
Lalmatia Ahar Revival work
Lalmatia Ahar Revival work
Trench Digging and Piping
Outlet Point
Trench Digging and Piping
Outlet Point
Lalmatia Ahar Revival work
Check dam to Target Point
Irrigation Well
Field Visit & Monitoring
Village Level Planning
WUG Training
Paddy Cultivation (SRI)
Paddy Cultivation (SRI)
Tomato Cultivation
SGVK Jharkhand
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SGVK Jharkhand

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SGVK Jharkhand

  1. 1. Welcome To Presentation BySampurna Gram Vikas Kendra Panki Road. Redma, Daltonganj, Palamu (Jharkhand) Pin Coad – 822101, Phone No. – 06562-240352,235353 E-mail – sgvkdtj@rediffmail.com
  2. 2. Project Title Revival of Ahar-Pyne : Traditional Water Management System in Palamu District of Jharkhand.
  3. 3. Target Groups Dalit Tribes Marginal farmers CBOs
  4. 4. Coverage Area State : Jharkhand District : Palamu Block : Paton Village : Angra
  5. 5. Project Objective Systematically revive the traditional Ahar-Pyne system in Angra village of Palamu district supplemented with improved agriculture practices to ensure livelihood sustainability of the tribal community.
  6. 6. Historical Background of DBI Scarcity of Irrigation Structures. Diminishing Traditional Ahar-Pyne System Mismanagement of land and water. Higher input cost of agriculture. Scarcity of Agriculture based technical knowledge among farmers. Food insecurity. Huge Seasonal Migration Unavailability of Govt. Schemes.
  7. 7. Historical Background of DBI The village is dominated by Scheduled Tribes mostly Oraon (69.9%) and Schedule Castes (30%). They are considered to be the most marginal section of the society. The current level of food security was for about six months and hence the distress migration was very high from the village. The village is rich in network of Ahars and Pynes which was in a stage of decay.
  8. 8. Historical Background of DBI Agriculture and Livelihood Rainfed agriculture. Drought Prone Area Major source of irrigation is AharPyne system. Barka Ahar irrigated around 150 acres of land even then. Major Kharif crops are paddy and maize. Average production of paddy was 6.75 q./acre and maize 2.40 q./acre. Apart from paddy and maize, other crops grown are wheat, barley and Pigeon pea but production was very low.
  9. 9. Historical Background of DBI Demographics and Resource Details Angra is one of the revenue villages of Patan Block. Towards the north, it is surrounded by mountain range known as Angra Mountain, in the west it is surrounded by Kararkalan, in the east by Jagodih and in the south by Aaredana villages respectively. Angra is Khasmahal village which means that there was no Zamindari system prevalent in this village. It was directly under the control of British Government during their regime.
  10. 10. Historical Background of DBI  It is endowed by rich forest resources with trees like Shorea robusta (Sal), Madhuca indica (Mahua), Butea monosperma (Palash), etc. as dominant tree species. But these resources are dwindling slowly due to various reasons.  Total households in the village are 199.  Total population is 1143  This village is dominated by Scheduled Tribes Mostly the Oraon-- 69.9% followed by Scheduled Caste- 30% .  This village comes under one of the backward villages of the region.  The literacy rate in the village is around 21%  The remoteness of the location has resulted in very limited developmental work being carried out in the area.
  11. 11. Historical Background of DBI Land Resources Land Type Area in acre Total geographical area 732 Forest area 145 Irrigated land (During 160 Rainy Season) Unirrigated 348 Wasteland 78
  12. 12. Historical Background of DBI Irrigation Status Sources Numbers Area Irrigated Crops (acres) Grown Tube wells 09 Mostly Dry - Dug wells 28 10 Wheat, Vegetables Ahars 05 153 Paddy Ponds 02 - - Check Dam 01 - - Others - - -
  13. 13. Our Intervention Renovation of Ahar Pyne. Formation of water user groups and management of irrigation. Technical support for development of agriculture. Construction of Dug well Protection of forest committee. SHG formation and promotion of IGP. Agriculture input support, advocacy, liasoning .
  14. 14. Implemented activities Base Line survey-Land holding, crop pattern, agricultural productivity, livelihood status, irrigation status, water storage structure Formation of community based organisation-SHG(10), Water user group(1), Tola committee(09), adolescent Girls club(01) and regular meeting with them Training on scientific agriculture, Mix cropping, SRI, SWI, Water management, Pest management Training and demonstration on vermin compost Support to 78 farmers(Rs.48000/-) for Agriculture input Paddy cultivation through SRI, Mixed cropping( Arhar and Maize), vegetable cultivation( Potato,Tomato)
  15. 15. Implemented Physical Activity Sramadan (Labour contribution ) for desiltation of Pyne (2090 10 1.5) in 5 phases, 500 labour, valued Rs.44250/- Revival of Lalmatia Ahar-construction of embankment 600 20, trench digging & piping 175 2.5 2, construction of spill way of Lalmatia Ahar embankment 10 10, construction of Discharge point (Outlet) 2 No. Trench digging and piping from Nawalakha checkdam to target point 6165 long, Construction of discharge point (Outlet) 6 No. Repair of outlets (Bhaos) in Barka Ahar - 4 Construction of spillway (6 long) on Barka Ahar Embankment.
  16. 16. AchievementYear No. of Household Acre Acre Acres village benefited Irrigated Irrigated irrigated in Rainy in in Season Winter Summer2010 01 30 (SRI) 4.38 - - 34 (Mix 3.41 - - cropping) Arhar and Maize 34 (Arhar) 5.11 11 (Tomato), 0.52 - - Rabi- Potato, - 3.85 - Gram, Pea
  17. 17. AchievementYear No .of Household Acre Acre Acres village benefited Irrigated Irrigated irrigated in Rainy in in Season Winter Summer2011 01 62 (SRI) 35.32 49 (Vegetable 17.0 Crops - Brinjal, Chili, Tomato, Potato) 72 (Arhar+Maize) 27.0 16 (SWI) 1.0 53 (Wheat) 29.75
  18. 18. AchievementStructure Beneficiaries Irrigated Land (acre)Navlakha Dam Pipeline 95 62.63Lalmatiya to Barka Ahar 40 19.40PipelineBarka Ahar 100 84.76Total 235 166.50
  19. 19. Innovations Pipe line from Nawlakha checkdam was deviated to reduce the cost of trench digging. Fish farming was adopted in Lalmatia ahar and Barka ahar resulting earning of Rs.75000/- by 38 beneficiaries during 2011.
  20. 20. Difficulties Faced Local Naxalite groups demanded for levy which delayed completion of physical activity. Process followed to overcome the difficulty- we along with the villagers contacted them and convinced towards our objectives. Farmers had no faith on new technology like- SRI,SWI,
  21. 21. Scope for Diversion Based Irrigation Undulating Topography and traditional natural structure like Ahar-Pyne abundant in locality which can be renovated as they have been dead.
  22. 22. Suggestion for better implementation Linkage with Government schemes, MNREGA. Awareness generation among villagers regarding importance of traditional system.
  23. 23. Shramdan
  24. 24. Lalmatia Ahar Revival work
  25. 25. Lalmatia Ahar Revival work
  26. 26. Trench Digging and Piping
  27. 27. Outlet Point
  28. 28. Trench Digging and Piping
  29. 29. Outlet Point
  30. 30. Lalmatia Ahar Revival work
  31. 31. Check dam to Target Point
  32. 32. Irrigation Well
  33. 33. Field Visit & Monitoring
  34. 34. Village Level Planning
  35. 35. WUG Training
  36. 36. Paddy Cultivation (SRI)
  37. 37. Paddy Cultivation (SRI)
  38. 38. Tomato Cultivation

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