Coverage Area State : Jharkhand District : Palamu Block : Paton Village : Angra
Project Objective Systematically revive the traditional Ahar-Pyne system in Angra village of Palamu district supplemented with improved agriculture practices to ensure livelihood sustainability of the tribal community.
Historical Background of DBI Scarcity of Irrigation Structures. Diminishing Traditional Ahar-Pyne System Mismanagement of land and water. Higher input cost of agriculture. Scarcity of Agriculture based technical knowledge among farmers. Food insecurity. Huge Seasonal Migration Unavailability of Govt. Schemes.
Historical Background of DBI The village is dominated by Scheduled Tribes mostly Oraon (69.9%) and Schedule Castes (30%). They are considered to be the most marginal section of the society. The current level of food security was for about six months and hence the distress migration was very high from the village. The village is rich in network of Ahars and Pynes which was in a stage of decay.
Historical Background of DBI Agriculture and Livelihood Rainfed agriculture. Drought Prone Area Major source of irrigation is AharPyne system. Barka Ahar irrigated around 150 acres of land even then. Major Kharif crops are paddy and maize. Average production of paddy was 6.75 q./acre and maize 2.40 q./acre. Apart from paddy and maize, other crops grown are wheat, barley and Pigeon pea but production was very low.
Historical Background of DBI Demographics and Resource Details Angra is one of the revenue villages of Patan Block. Towards the north, it is surrounded by mountain range known as Angra Mountain, in the west it is surrounded by Kararkalan, in the east by Jagodih and in the south by Aaredana villages respectively. Angra is Khasmahal village which means that there was no Zamindari system prevalent in this village. It was directly under the control of British Government during their regime.
Historical Background of DBI It is endowed by rich forest resources with trees like Shorea robusta (Sal), Madhuca indica (Mahua), Butea monosperma (Palash), etc. as dominant tree species. But these resources are dwindling slowly due to various reasons. Total households in the village are 199. Total population is 1143 This village is dominated by Scheduled Tribes Mostly the Oraon-- 69.9% followed by Scheduled Caste- 30% . This village comes under one of the backward villages of the region. The literacy rate in the village is around 21% The remoteness of the location has resulted in very limited developmental work being carried out in the area.
Historical Background of DBI Land Resources Land Type Area in acre Total geographical area 732 Forest area 145 Irrigated land (During 160 Rainy Season) Unirrigated 348 Wasteland 78
Our Intervention Renovation of Ahar Pyne. Formation of water user groups and management of irrigation. Technical support for development of agriculture. Construction of Dug well Protection of forest committee. SHG formation and promotion of IGP. Agriculture input support, advocacy, liasoning .
Implemented activities Base Line survey-Land holding, crop pattern, agricultural productivity, livelihood status, irrigation status, water storage structure Formation of community based organisation-SHG(10), Water user group(1), Tola committee(09), adolescent Girls club(01) and regular meeting with them Training on scientific agriculture, Mix cropping, SRI, SWI, Water management, Pest management Training and demonstration on vermin compost Support to 78 farmers(Rs.48000/-) for Agriculture input Paddy cultivation through SRI, Mixed cropping( Arhar and Maize), vegetable cultivation( Potato,Tomato)
Implemented Physical Activity Sramadan (Labour contribution ) for desiltation of Pyne (2090 10 1.5) in 5 phases, 500 labour, valued Rs.44250/- Revival of Lalmatia Ahar-construction of embankment 600 20, trench digging & piping 175 2.5 2, construction of spill way of Lalmatia Ahar embankment 10 10, construction of Discharge point (Outlet) 2 No. Trench digging and piping from Nawalakha checkdam to target point 6165 long, Construction of discharge point (Outlet) 6 No. Repair of outlets (Bhaos) in Barka Ahar - 4 Construction of spillway (6 long) on Barka Ahar Embankment.
AchievementYear No. of Household Acre Acre Acres village benefited Irrigated Irrigated irrigated in Rainy in in Season Winter Summer2010 01 30 (SRI) 4.38 - - 34 (Mix 3.41 - - cropping) Arhar and Maize 34 (Arhar) 5.11 11 (Tomato), 0.52 - - Rabi- Potato, - 3.85 - Gram, Pea
AchievementYear No .of Household Acre Acre Acres village benefited Irrigated Irrigated irrigated in Rainy in in Season Winter Summer2011 01 62 (SRI) 35.32 49 (Vegetable 17.0 Crops - Brinjal, Chili, Tomato, Potato) 72 (Arhar+Maize) 27.0 16 (SWI) 1.0 53 (Wheat) 29.75
AchievementStructure Beneficiaries Irrigated Land (acre)Navlakha Dam Pipeline 95 62.63Lalmatiya to Barka Ahar 40 19.40PipelineBarka Ahar 100 84.76Total 235 166.50
Innovations Pipe line from Nawlakha checkdam was deviated to reduce the cost of trench digging. Fish farming was adopted in Lalmatia ahar and Barka ahar resulting earning of Rs.75000/- by 38 beneficiaries during 2011.
Difficulties Faced Local Naxalite groups demanded for levy which delayed completion of physical activity. Process followed to overcome the difficulty- we along with the villagers contacted them and convinced towards our objectives. Farmers had no faith on new technology like- SRI,SWI,
Scope for Diversion Based Irrigation Undulating Topography and traditional natural structure like Ahar-Pyne abundant in locality which can be renovated as they have been dead.
Suggestion for better implementation Linkage with Government schemes, MNREGA. Awareness generation among villagers regarding importance of traditional system.