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  1. 1. Diversion Based Flow Irrigationto Enhance Rural Livelihoods in Eastern India By PRADAN
  2. 2. A Typical DBI systemIt comprises of headwork (small weir, earthen tank or collectiontank) to divert required stream flow into conveyance system(plastic pipelines) for carrying it to the agricultural fields
  3. 3. Objectives• Execute 28 schemes to irrigate 550ha in kharif and 274ha in rabi of 1,250 families• Enhance annual income of a family by at least Rs 15,000/- through improved agriculture• Demonstrate the utility of DBI schemes
  4. 4. Project locations10 districts of Orissa, WB, Bihar, Chhattisgarh and MPProject period: Mar’09 to Aug’10
  5. 5. BudgetSl no Budget head Budget/unit Total (Rs) Expenses (Rs) (Rs)1 Infrastructure 3,00,000 84,00,000 1,00,30,0882 Command area development 78,000 21,84,000 6,49,354 and agriculture Total programme cost 1,05,84,000 1,06,79,4423 Honorarium to CRP 6,00,000 3,59,3654 Training & Exposure of 3,10,500 2,77,875 villagers5 Development support cost to 15,87,600 15,87,598 PRADAN @ 15% of prog cost6 Supporting NGOs 2,00,000 2,36,635 Total requested from SDTT 1,32,82,100 1,31,40,915 Cost of infrastructure: Rs 20,428/ha, Total: Rs 26,282/ha
  6. 6. Activities• Identification of potential sites• Formation of WUAs• Exposure of selective members• Planning of DBI scheme• Procurement and implementation• Land development and channel construction• CSP selection and training• Introduction of improved cropping practices
  7. 7. Achievements• 44 schemes were executed to benefit 1,280 families in very poor regions• Irrigation potential created: 491ha in kharif and 218ha in rabi• Crop coverage: 859 families used 35 schemes to cover 174ha during kharif and 712 families used 36 schemes to cover 93ha during rabi• SRI and vegetable cultivation were introduced with use of organic manure, machan system, polyhouse nursery, gliricidia fencing etc.• Domestic water requirement was met wherever feasible
  8. 8. Assumptions vs actual Assumption ActualKharif command area 20ha 11haper siteRabi command area per 10ha 5hasiteFamilies per site 40-50 30
  9. 9. An earthen tank in Purulia Brinjal in BankuraBottle gourd under Machan in Gaya Cauliflower in Mayurbhanj
  10. 10. SRI with Azolla in Digipadi DBI site of Use of marker in SRI in KandhamalKandhamal SRI in wheat Staking in Tomato in Keonjhar
  11. 11. Bathroom and tank in the DBI scheme of Training on organic product preparationRayagada Polyhouse nursery Handikhata
  12. 12. Benefits Before Intervention After Intervention Salai Kandagari Kharif Rabi Kharif Rabi Summer Veg 2 No (20 Up Land: Finger Rs bags- Cro dec), 0.8 Acre Millet 13,000 1Qn p Rest Millet Vegetables Creep (15 dec), Rest SRI On er in Pla Given to the paddy going 10 n Land less for Medium 2 No (30 dec Finger 6q cultivation Land: 0.5 bags- Cro dec), Millet paddy Acre 1Qn p Rest Finger MilletSalai Busy in Preparing her Salai –Busy in weeding her Salai watching her Cauliflower fieldNursery bed for Rabi Crops Newly formed SRI Field with other SHG memebrs
  13. 13. Benefits Before Intervention After InterventionLAXMAN KATEI Kharif Rabi Kharif Rabi Summer tomatoUp Land: No Crop cultivation Rs 90000.9Acre in 25 dec Brinjal SRI (20dec), On Vegitable Plan 3 Qtl paddy rest are going in 10 dec paddy(25 Medium and Potato planning dec), andLand:1.05 Paddy 55 Kg No Crop not potato in Acre harvested Post kharif yet (30 dec) Laxman –Busy in Laxman in his potato fliedweeding his Newly Brinjal in Rabi season formed SRI Field
  14. 14. Other outcomes• Demand from neighboring villages• Forest dept has replicated in Rayagada• Govt has shown interest to replicate under NREGA• Govt has come forward for agricultural demonstration• Movement towards agriculture from forest and wage based livelihood• Reduced migration
  15. 15. Way forward Bih Chh MP Jha UP Raj Oris APAll India Uttn Many more such Kar Mah initiatives to saturate irrigation potential in the Ass Guj Har TN WB plateau and hilly regions Pun Ker 0% 20% 40% 60% 80% 100% Labor Employed in Agriculture, %
  16. 16. THANK YOU