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  • 1. Welcome
  • 2. GRAMYA VIKASH MANCHA (GVM) (A unified platform for progressive contemplation)Vision: “GVM envisages a peaceful, prosperous, egalitarian and exploitation free society in every village” Mission: GVM exist to empower the rural community particularly the underprivileged and women to take control over the social institutions and toimprove their quality of life , thereby create a society where these people can live with dignity Address NO. 1 BARDHANARA P.O: DAKSHINGAON PIN: 781350 DISTRICT : NALBARI ASSAM , INDIA PHONE: +91-3624-283740 Email: gvm_ngo@sify.com
  • 3. Organisation Staff Strength• Full time volunteers: 83• Part time volunteers: 347• Technical / Professional Consultant
  • 4. Partners• European Commission’s Humanitarian Office, ECHO• Actionaid• Jamsetji Tata Trust/ Dorabji Tata Trust• Unicef• National Agricultural Bank for Rural Development, NABARD• Indo Global Social Service Society (IGSSS)• Rashtriya Gramin Vikash Nidhi• North East Development & Finance Corporation (NEDFi)• North East Network (NEN)• National Council of Rural Institute (NCRI)• The Hunger Project• Association for India’s Development (AID)
  • 5. Details of the DBI Project• Project Title: Promotion of Diversion based irrigation in Baksa and Nalbari district of Assam• Supported by: Jamsetji Tata Trust (SDTT)• Implemented by: Gramya Vikash Mancha in collaboration with the local partners• Date of start and project period : From 1st March, 2009 to 30th March, 2010• Total Project Cost: Rs. 59.30 Lakhs• Project Area – Nalbari and Baksa District (BTAD) covering 180 villages• Target Group: Farmers , Fisherman & excluded section of rural areas in Nalbari & Baksa district
  • 6. Objective & Strategies of the implemented ProjectObjective:• The developmental objective of the project is “To improve the quality of life of 50000 families from excluded section of society in Nalbari and Baksa district of Assam within three years “Strategies:• Protect natural water bodies and reduce vulnerability through community mobilization• Socio-economic upliftment through introducing effective use of diversion based irrigation system
  • 7. Undivided Nalbari district in Assam
  • 8. Pagladia River Basin (Source: Geology department, GU)
  • 9. Longitudinal profile of Pagladia river basin (source: Geology Deptt. GU)
  • 10. IRS LISS3 satellite image of December, 2010
  • 11. Project Area 5 Clusters in Nalbari & Baksa DistrictCluste Name of cluster No. of villages Name of Dong/ Jan Dev. Block Districtr No1 Pagladiya 50 Ghogra Jan and Barigog Banbhag Nalbari Cluster Maranadi jan and Barbhag, Pub Nalbari and Barbhag2 Saulkhowa 30 Nameri jan Pachim Nalbari, Nalbari Cluster Madhupur and Barskhetri3 Jaha Cluster 50 Jaha Jan , Pub Nalbari, Pachim Nalbari Garakhiya jan and Nalbari and Beldow Jan Barskhetri4 Barali cluster 25 Dokoha, Bala, Barbhag Nalbari Sijua and Simalua Jan5 Diring cluster 25 Arampur Dong Baska Baksa Balakata dong, Trisankar dong,
  • 12. Situation in BaksaWhere Water is much more precious than any otherelement..like property, land and house
  • 13. Situation in NalbariWhere blocked canals filled with water hyacinth is a common scene &decade long problem resulting acres of waterlogged and unused landsof farmers
  • 14. Major Activities planned & implemented to reduce the problems under the project• Community mobilization to Protect natural water bodies and reduce vulnerability by using tools like Participatory Vulnerability Assessment (PVA), Community meetings, Networking & Advocacy Programmes, Project Dev. Workshop, Media sensitisation, Consultation workshops with different stakeholders etc.• Restoration of water bodies• Installation of improvised sluice gate & construction of Diversion Weir & Check Bandh• Capacity enhancement among targeted community by organising Need base Training and exposure programme such as SRI, community farming, Product making using water hyacinth
  • 15. Participatory Vulnerability Analysis (PVA) with community- PVA was conducted in each Cluster to get all kind of information of the villages likeMapping of the villages, Socio-economic background, livelihood analysis, populationbreak-up, resources, different vulnerabilities, historical background, copingmechanism etc. It shows the use, impact and problems in accessing natural waterresources.
  • 16. Participatory Vulnerability Analysis (PVA) with community- PVA was conducted in each Cluster to get all kind of information of the villages likeMapping of the villages, Socio-economic background, livelihood analysis, populationbreak-up, resources, different vulnerabilities, historical background, copingmechanism etc. It shows the use, impact and problems in accessing natural waterresources.
  • 17. Community working in the Restoration of Katuria canal, Nalbari- More than 40 kms. of canals / dongs has been restored in Nalbari & Baksa district by thecommunity- Approx. 6606.2 Acre of agricultural land resumed for agricultural activities after long periodand at least 15, 000 marginalised farmers benefited directly
  • 18. Restoration of Koita Canal, Chaulkhowa Cluster, Nalbari- The pre existing canal is being restored as it was artificially earth filled and as this had causedsevere water logging in as many as 12 villages. As a result of this dredging, water logging hasdrastically reduced and paddy fields got irrigation from the canal
  • 19. The KOITA Canal after Restoration, Chaulkhowa Cluster, Nalbari- The pre existing canal is being restored as it was artificially earth filled and as this had causedsevere water logging in as many as 12 villages. As a result of this dredging, water logging hasdrastically reduced and paddy fields got irrigation from the canal
  • 20. Woman in Baksa participating in the renovation of a dong (Simlaguri village)- In Baksa the Dong system is the only source of water both for irrigation and also for householdneeds. The Dong Bandh Committees have their own constitution for management of dongs- 11 kms. Of dongs has been restored by the community to better the irrigation system
  • 21. Community in Baksa participating in the renovation of a dong (Arampur village)- In Baksa 600 Acre of Agricultural land is directly benefited by the renovation of dongs(Canal)- Rate of paddy production increased by 10% through the renovation of canals.
  • 22. Community in Baksa participating in the renovation of dong (Simlaguri village)- Cleaning of an almost dead canal in Simlaguri village. The dong could not be cleaned for last 15years was cleaned by the community under the project
  • 23. The situation since last 20 years….
  • 24. Cleaning of a canal blocked by water hyacinth- Cleaning of an almost dead canal by water hyacinth in Nalbari district. Water hyacinth is amajor obstacle for blocking canals in Nalbari. But now it has become a useful resource for thefarmers by getting trainings on product making from water hyacinth .
  • 25. Cleaning of the Baralia Canal to reclaim large agricultural land, Nalbari
  • 26. Canal dredging work, based on PVA
  • 27. A dream…towards reality..
  • 28. Ghogra Canal…… the life line of farmers has restored
  • 29. Restoration of a canal in Nalbari- In Balikuchi and 5 other adjacent villages of Pagladia Cluster, restoration of canalhelped to irrigate 2000 bigha of lands- paddy production raised to double by clearance of the waterlogged lands . Multiplecropping has been started by group of farmers
  • 30. Community working in the earthen irrigation dam- The community building the earthen irrigation dam at Latima village under PagaldiaCluster- 2 earthen irrigation dam built. It would help to irrigate 400 bigha of land of 8 villages.
  • 31. Major activities implementedName of Activities Implemented Brief Description Significantcluster OutputDiring Restoration of Water Dredging & 1970 HH andcluster Bodies widening of 3093 Bigha of Canal Total land benefited Length – 11 Kms. Construction of Sluice Total No. 1 Gate Construction of Check Total No. 1 (Net) Bandh Construction of Diversion Total No. 1 Weir Training on SRI No. of Programme - 1
  • 32. Major activities implementedName of Activities Implemented Brief Description Significantcluster OutputPagaldia Restoration of Water Cleaning & 40 villagescluster Bodies Dredging. Total (Approx. 3300 Length – 10 bighas of Kms. land) Construction of Sluice Total No. 1 2200 people Gate will be benefited Construction of Irrigation Total No. 2 2800 Bigha of Dam land will be benefited Training on water Total Programme 13 artisans hyacinth –1 developed Training on SRI No. of Programme – 2
  • 33. Major activities implementedName of Activities Implemented Brief Description Significantcluster OutputJaha Restoration of Water Cleaning & 40 villagescluster Bodies Dredging. Total will be Length – 13.5 benefited by Kms. the cleaning and dredging work done Formation and Total No. 1 Children are development of children organised Assembly Project development Total No. 1 workshop Training on SRI Total Programme -2
  • 34. Major activities implementedName of Activities Implemented Brief Description Significant OutputclusterChaulkhowa Restoration of Water Bodies Dredging of canal - 12 villages willcluster 2.6 Km. have irrigation, also 2000 fisherman would be benefited Development of Milan Sangha
  • 35. Major activities implementedName of Activities Implemented Brief Description Significantcluster OutputBarali Restoration of Water Dredging of 4000 bighacluster Bodies canal - 5 Km. of land benefited Training on SRI Total expenses Rs. 27,96,932.00/-
  • 36. The Constructed Diversion weir (Low Dam) in Arampur Dong- The Diversion Weir will help to irrigate 346 acre (1038 bigha) of land covering 5 villages- Approx. 40 Man days saved by the construction of Diversion Weir at Arampur dong thatreduces the loss of labour of the farmers caused by frequent maintenance of temporaryBandh- Total Cost 6.2 lakh (Approx.)
  • 37. Dong Bandh Committee working in the Diversion weir inArampur, Baksa district
  • 38. The Sluice Gate installed in Balakata Dong, Narayanpur village-The Sluice Gate will help to irrigate 426 acre (1248 bigha) of land covering 3 villages and reducethe sand casting in the paddy fields carried by the river through the dong- Approx. 30 Mandays saved by the installation of Sluice Gate at Balakata dong
  • 39. The Check (Net) Bandh constructed in Bhutankhuti village- The Check Bandh will help to irrigate 450 acres of land covering 2 villages and reduce thevulnerability caused by the Flash flood of the bogachukia river- Approx. 30 Mandays saved by the construction of the bandh
  • 40. Training on water hyacinth
  • 41. Training on Eco friendly product making from water hyacinth to woman- Capacity Building of the rural poor is one of the major initiatives taken under the project.Trainings has been facilitated on Eco friendly product making from water hyacinth which isregarded as a waste material. Women are strengthened economically and earning from it.
  • 42. Naba Prabhataloi Ek Jatra….
  • 43. Training on System of Rice Intensification (SRI) for farmers- Capacity Building of farmers is one of the major initiatives taken under the project.4 trainings organised for the framers of Nalbari and Baksa districts on SRI.
  • 44. SRI initiatives taken by the farmers in Nalbari- The increase in production has brought new hope for the farmers and more andmore farmers are now coming forward to take up SRI- Cluster level Coordination Committees (CLCC) are formed among the farmers ineach cluster
  • 45. SRI initiatives taken by the farmers in Nalbari- As a first initiative SRI is initiated by 60 farmers in 72 bigha (24 Acre) of land inNalbari & Baksa district
  • 46. Training on SRI and initiatives taken by the farmers for the first time in Baksa- Capacity Building of the farmers by organising SRI Trainings and supporting them to apply itto increase production- SRI is initiated by 60 farmers in 72 bigha (24 Acre) of land in Nalbari & Baksa
  • 47. Networking Meeting with representative of Clusters to review and plan works- Networking meetings organised among the Cluster representatives and members of theCluster Level Coordination Committee- Inter Cluster Sharing , Review , problem solving and plan for the work in each of the clusterswere the main objective of the Networking Meetings.
  • 48. Media Sensitisation and Interaction programme (Photo: during field visit to Baksa)-Media Sensitisation and Interaction programme was organised to sensitise the State level Mediarepresentatives on the issues and problems regarding promotion of diversion based irrigation inNalbari and Baksa districts.-The Media Representatives interacted with the communities in Baksa and Nalbari and highlightedtheir initiatives, problems and traditional system of irrigation (dong) in the state and local Newspapers
  • 49. Major challenges under the project• Different situations in the upper (Baksa) and Down stream (Nalbari)• Different Power Groups• Flood affected areas• Different situations even across the villages of the same cluster• Inter village dynamics within communities• Mainstreaming of the Canals in Nalbari is a challenge as it goes through private lands of the people• Geographical location and poor transportation in Baksa• Changing environment, climate change
  • 50. Realisation• The PDBI Project has helped us to move one step ahead for creating a peaceful society, MOBILISE community in a common platform for economic as well as cultural security, challenge power group• But, miles to go…….
  • 51. Phase-II started, Networking meeting on 6th Feb, 2011
  • 52. Decided to strengthen the silent movementfor enhancing peace and prosperity through PDBI Project
  • 53. Thanks