Diversion Based Irrigation (DBI) Project Implemented in Upper Kolab CatchmentA Presentation By:Foundation for Ecological Security (F.E.S.), Koraput
About Koraput District About the project Key Issues in the Project Area Objectives of the Project Activities Why DBI is important for Koraput ? Outcomes Future Strategies
South-Eastern region of Orissa. Contiguous to main land of Eastern Ghats. Altitude: 150mt-1500mt above MSL. Two agro-climatic zones. Scattered, sharp, isolated hills with thin forest cover. 31.75% areas are under forest. Several perennial streams. Main rivers: Kolab, Machkund, Indravati, Vansadhara & Nagabali. Rainfall: 1567.2 mm with 83.9 rainy days.
Catchment area of Upper Kolab reservoir. Five schemes in four villages. 90% tribal communities. Total command area: 56.55 ha Total beneficiaries: 209 HHs Total sanctioned budget of the project Rs.19.60 lakhs Cost per ha: Rs.34668/-
Land productivity decreasing day by day. Scarcity of water hampering vegetable cultivation. Severe shortage of supply (especially fuel wood) from local forest due to deforestation Severe gully erosion & soil erosion from slopes Devoid of vegetation cover Decrease in water flow in perennial streams Marginal landholding and fragmentation of land No electrification in agricultural field for operating electric pumps. Landless families Inaccessibility during rainy season
To provide assured source of irrigation to the upland of poor and marginalized tribal farmers. To provide protective irrigation to Kharif crops and irrigation to Rabi and Summer crops. Toreduce pressure from the forest and other commons. To enhance and strengthen livelihood through supporting agriculture improvement.
The terrain, topography and geo-hydrological situation favours such interventions Reduction in vulnerability in agriculture would help in optimizing land use benefits (attempt to limit Podu cultivation) Increasing agricultural land use for enhanced productivity to address food security Introducing and intensifying subsistence and cash crops through intercropping options (under assured irrigation condition) Enhanced agricultural income Provides new opportunity for institutional negotiation
Village Pipe Vermi Bee Vegetabl Horticultural Seeds laid -Pits Keeping e Kits Species Supplied SRI (in Units Benefici Supplied (in Kg) Mts) (each unit aries has 2 pits)Bhitarkota 1000 4 4 70 Lemon-45, Arhar- 18 1 Ac Banana-180 Niger-9 Beans-3Upper 700 4 4 70 Lemon-100, Arhar- 39 3 AcBarabandh Banana- 390 Niger-19 Beans-6Kasuguda 385 2 2 30 Lemon-25, Arhar- 10 Papaya-165, Niger-5 Banana-90 Beans-2U.Kanti-I 1400 Lemon-130 Arhar- 53 Drumstick-800 Niger-27 5 5 130 Papaya-2000 Beans-9U. Kanti-II 900 Banana-540
Villages Command Beneficiaries Length of PVC Total Cost Area (HHs) pipe line (Treatment + Agri- (ha) (in Mts) promotion) (Amount in Lakhs)Upper Barabandh 9.16 51 1050 2.44Kasuguda 7.04 13 385 1.66Bhitarkota 12.15 24 1200 2.76Kanti (Godagandhi) 16.07 56 1800 6.13Kanti (Jalaguda) 12.13 65 1050 Bee Keeping 0.26 SRI Tools (Marker, Weeder, Seed Kits, Paddy) 0.11 Total 13.38
Live saving irrigation (Kharif). Assured irrigation for Rabi and Summer crops. Increase in vegetables and pulses crops on upland. Increase in household income. Shifting pressure from commons Evolution of rule system around better management of land, water and forest resources. Inclusion of poor through distribution of fallow lands. Switching over to ecological agriculture (organic). A group of skilled Para workers emerged through training for future maintenance of the structures.
Convergence with Government for its wider replication Buildinginstitution towards inclusion of poor and effective management of natural resource management Creatingplatform for forward linkage (Making information available to the community)