AFPRO & DBIS Project 5 States of IndiaDBI Partners MeetPuri, OrissaFebruary, 27-28, 2012
AFPRO Established in 1966 as socio-technical development support organization Contributed in groundwater development for food production & drinking water needs Work for environmentally sound programs aiming to enhance Food and Water Security and Livelihoods of small and marginal farming communities Outreach Office Outreach Office Outreach Office Gwalior Outreach Office OutreachOutreach Office Office Outreach Office Outreach Office Outreach Office
AFPRO• Retained as a drafting committee member for the Water Policy 2011- 12 by the Government of India;• Recognized by Government of India as “Organization of National Importance (GoI circular 124/2004 F. No. 200/59/2003 – ITAI dated 26 March, 2004.);• AFPRO has a team of hydrologists, geologists, geophysicists, civil engineers, sociologists and specialists in agriculture, fisheries, forestry and livestock;• Partnerships with Government, Multi and Bi-laterals, International and National Corporate, International and national organizations and institutions, etc;• Cotton farming, energy & climate change, value chain, etc are our recent involvement• AFPRO has recently been empanelled with the Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) Hub set up of Tata Institute of Social Sciences (TISS) till 2015
DBIS as Project in 5 states Implemented in 145 villages of 7 districts across 5 states (Eastern-Orissa & Jharkhand and North- Eastern - Assam, Meghalaya and Tripura) Co - partners: 8 in Odisha, 3 in Jharkhand and 3 in NE. Hilly districts targeted o Hazaribagh in Jharkhand, o Ganjam and Gajapati in Orissa. o North East States (Ri Bhoi in Meghalaya, South Tripura in Tripura, and Karbi Anglong in Assam)
Co-PartnersOrissa (Ganjam and Gajapati Districts) Centre for Community Development (CCD) Institute for Social Action and Research Activities (ISARA) Institute for Womens Development (IWD) Jana Kalyan Pratisthan (JKP) LIPICA Programme for Rural Awareness and Very Action (PRAVA) Social Action for Community Alternative Learning (SACAL) Society for the Welfare of Weaker Sections (SWWS)Jharkhand (Hazaribagh Districts) Manav Vikas SUPPORT Jan Sewa ParishadAssam (Karbi Anglong District) KACRMSMeghalaya (Ri-Bhoi District) Rural Resource & Training Centre (RRTC)Tripura (South Tripura District) Dishari
Physical Achievements Acres Acres Acres No. of Households irrigated in irrigated in irrigated in Year villages benefitted Rainy Winter Summer season Season Season2009-10 27 1106 946 378 1422010-11 54 3710 3296 1318 494 Total 81 4816 4242 1697 636
Cost Benefit Acrage (Kharif) 4242Production before DBIS 600 kilogram/acreAverage production increase per acre 20 percentProduction after DBIS 720 kilogram/acreOveall production increase 509040 kilogramAverage Unit Rate Rs.10/kilogramT otal additional income due to interventions Rs. 50,90,400 per annum
Acrage (W inter crop) 1697Average production before interventions 200 kilogram/acreAverage production increase per acre 80percentProduction after DBIS 600 kilogram/acreOveall production increase 678800 kilogramAverage Unit Rate Rs.10/kilogramT otal additional income due to interventions Rs. 67,88,000 per annum
Acrage in (Summer) 636Average cost of vegatable production afterintervention Rs. 3000 Per acreTotal additional income due to interventions Rs. 19,08,000 per annum Total additional production cost per Rs. 1,37,86,400 annum after intervention
Performance4816 Household has been benefitted from assured irrigation. Provide irrigation to ◦ 4242 acre in Kharif; ◦ 697 acres in Rabi; and ◦ 636 acres in summer. Training on improved agricultural practices has enhanced the paddy cultivation (including SRI); Strengthening of community based organization ensures maintenance of DBIS along with equitable distribution of water at village level; Drinking water in many villages and schools improves health and hygiene status of the children and households.
Performance 4242 acres of land has brought under assured irrigation that helps in improving land condition All the constructions under the project are environment friendly supporting local ecology. Practice of the soil and water conservation measures, the natural resources of each of the project villages are conserved and restored. Organic Farmers Club formed in Meghalaya started practicing organic agriculture as a sustainable agricultural practice in project villages. More than 100 farmers have started preparing vermin compost.
InnovationsIntroduction of improved agricultural practicesPractices like SRI, mixed farming, Organic farming, crop rotation anddry land faming, enable tribal farmers to grow successful crops for food securityWater to SchoolsProviding water in the village school has improved the hygiene practices amongthe children.Water distribution systemCapacity building the communities on water distributing mechanism has reducedthe percolation as well as evaporation of water inlet to the agricultural field.O&M of DBI structureWater user groups/ associations are maintaining the DBI structures, that hassupported the famers to grow successful crop in both the seasons.Crop PlanningCrop plans has developed in many villages after getting assured water forirrigation. During the Khariff season Farmers take up agriculture activities asusual practices, but for Rabi season farmers focus on vegetables, cash cropsand oil seeds as per the crop diversification planning. Line transplantation withsupport of Agriculture department is introduced in few villages.In the selected villages, where community participation were utmost., the attemptedinnovations are successful in terms of improving food production.
ChallengesAll project locations are remotely locatedPresence of insurgency and difficult to manage projectactivities on timeExtreme weather conditions particularly in North-EasternStatesStress on farmers contribution in terms of cash or labourFrequent turn-over of staffs from the projects
Leveraging for DBI (Scope)Collaborating traditional knowledge with new technologyDBI uses the traditional knowledge of the people in collaboration with thenew technology, that support communities to avail water for irrigation as wellas for drinking purposes.Proper use of water sourcesMany water sources in the villages are lying useless or with little use and withlittle efforts water from these sources are diverted into agricultural fields.Crop Planning for additional incomeAfter getting assured water for irrigation, separate crop planning with focuson crop diversification for Khariff and Rabi seasons improves the soil healthas well as additional income of the farming communities.Adaptation to climate changeDBI provides irrigation solution, when impact of climate change affectingwater resources and can be an promoted as an adaptation option to climatechange.Integrate DBIS with MGNREGA (Meghalaya, Jharkahand) and otherdonor funded agriculture program (Orissa, Assam, Meghalaya andJharkahand)
Recommendations Component Present Practice SuggestionDistribution Commonly through pipes, mud Improved distribution mechanismMechanism drains or flooding. that enables farmers for proper Hinders optimum utilization of utilization of water for the purpose water, as evaporation & which it diverted. percolation of water occur while distribution.Equitable Adoption of ad-hoc water Institutionalization and capacitydistribution of sharing mechanism (when lack building of CBOs on water sharingwater of water to cover whole mechanism catchments)Water Quality No water quality testing support Water testing for wider acceptance ofTesting negatively affects to human and water among communities along with crops. awareness on water quality issues.Source Lack of appropriate measures Proper soil and water managementSustainability for substantiality of sources components in the catchments renovated or constructed for Capacity building of farmers diversion of water to Demonstration of soil and water agricultural lands conservation measuresCapacity Usually practising traditional Capacity building and agro inputbuilding on crop. support, as due to lack of awarenesscrop Lack of capacity of the farmer towards modern agro practices thediversification on crop diversification yield is very less as compared to the ultimately affects soil health land quality. and income of the farmers. Capacity building on adopting water saving crops.
Photo Gallery DBI system created at Village Baladaguma in Orrisa Winter paddy harvested in terrace land irrigated under DBIS at Uzandonka Village in Assam Cabbage cultivation: Bhubansahi Village in Open channel work at Paharkocha Village in Orissa Jharkhand
Photo Gallery DBI Structure at Kandhagani Village in Orrisa Intake Well at Village Halapanka in Orrisa Laying pipeline at Village Rechaguda in Orrisa SRI Cultivation at village Dighi in Jharkhand