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Theme 2: Big History

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    Theme 2: Big History Theme 2: Big History Presentation Transcript

    • Theme 2
      Big History
      Joseph M. Kooiker
      History 140
      Professor Arguello
    • Peoples and Empires
      The Roman Empire stretched from the British Isles to India under Alexander the Great
      It lasted until after the conversion of Emperor Constantine to Christianity
      The Roman Empire split into four sections
      Constantinople became the capitol of the Eastern section of the Roman Empire and remained as such until it was conquered by the Muslims and became Istanbul
    • Peoples and Empires
      The Spanish spread their empire because they believed their religion demanded it
      The Spanish sent people to the New World in search of silver and gold
      As they went in search of gold and riches they tried to convert many of the Indians they came into contact with
      This would later bring about the destruction of the Aztec and Incan empires in the New World
    • Peoples and Empires
      Another one of the major empires to have spread through the world was the British Empire
      The British Empire spread because of the need to gain resources
      This quest for resources also was one of the motivators for the starting of the slave trade
      The British Empire was one of the first countries to abolish the slave trade but not slavery
      Religion and Geography are some of the main drivers for the expansion of empires
    • Guns, Germs, and Steel
      • Eurasian people have conquered many different peoples
      • Eurasian people have also been able to survive through many diseases
      • Most of the triumphs of humans have been discovered throughout the European and Asian continents
    • Guns, Germs, and Steel
      • This progress of the Eurasian people is due to the availability of hearty foods which could be gotten from domesticating plants and animals
      • The availability of flax to make clothing also provided for protection from the elements
      • The exchange of diseases also allowed the Eurasian people to become immune to many diseases which would decimate other populations
      • The spread of diseases allowed the Eurasians to control many of their conquered nations
    • Guns, Germs, and Steel
      • Geography allowed for the creating of small empires within Eurasia
      • Most other continents and their peoples have been conquered by Eurasians
      • The small centralized governments established in Eurasia allowed for the creation of military and military innovation which allowed these groups to take over and conquer other nations
      • These dominant powers have been China and Western Europe
      • The British were able to expand their empire to India
      • The Romans were able to occupy from the British Isles, Africa, and all the way to India
    • The Origins and Nature…
      Some of the first written recording of slavery were in the Muslim world and throughout many other cultures
      In Europe, slavery moved from being the slavery of the Roman empire to the serfdom of Medieval Europe
      While in Africa, large groups of people were being captured for doing some of the world’s most demeaning tasks
      As European countries began to expand, the sat up colonies in the Holy Land after many Crusades
    • Of New World Slavery
      After Columbus discovered the New World, the new plantations of sugar, tobacco, and other cash crops
      Many of the Native inhabitants of the New World were brought into the plantations of the European colonist
      The Indian populations didn’t last very long on the plantations because they were not immune to many illnesses so black slaves were brought in by the hundreds to work the plantations
      The English were one of the first of the colonists to abolish the slave trade but not slavery
      Slavery would not be abolished from American culture until the Civil War