Negation

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Learn how to use Sentence Negation on Livemocha!

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Negation

  1. 1. Group Tutoring Sessions <ul><li>Welcome! Please type the following in the chat box to </li></ul><ul><li>help us get started: </li></ul><ul><li>What is your proficiency level for this language? </li></ul><ul><li>Why are you learning this language? </li></ul><ul><li>Is this your first tutoring session? </li></ul><ul><li>First time using your headset or microphone? </li></ul><ul><li>Click Communicate => VoIP Conference => Leave VoIP conference </li></ul><ul><li>Click Communicate => Audio Setup Wizard to restart the Audio Setup Wizard. </li></ul><ul><li>On the second screen of the Audio Setup Wizard select your new device </li></ul><ul><li>Test your speakers and microphones on the following 2 screens, select Headphones and complete the Audio Setup Wizard. </li></ul><ul><li>Finally click Communicate => VoIp Conference => Join VoIP conference to be able to hear the tutor and speak to them. </li></ul>Problem Speaking? Press and hold down the “ CTRL ” key when speaking. Technical Help F or additional help, visit the Group Tutoring Help Page: http://www.livemocha.com/premium_courses/group_tutoring_help Or email [email_address]
  2. 2. <ul><li>You may have already seen affirmative sentences such as: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ella es alta. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>She is tall. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tu casa es azul. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Your house is blue. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Nosotros somos amigos. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>We are friends. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>El está aburrido. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>He is bored. </li></ul></ul>Now lets see how to turn them into a negative sentence! Sentence Negation
  3. 3. If it’s a simple affirmative sentence, insert a no before the verb. Examples: <ul><ul><li>El está aburrido. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>He is bored. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>El está aburrido. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>He no is bored. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ella es alta. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>She is tall. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ella es alta. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>She no is tall. </li></ul></ul>Verbs in bold Sentence Negation
  4. 4. If it’s a simple affirmative sentence, insert a no before the verb. Examples: <ul><ul><li>no </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>El está aburrido. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>He is bored. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>El está aburrido. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>He no is bored. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ella es alta. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>She is tall. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ella es alta. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>She no is tall. </li></ul></ul>Verbs in bold <ul><ul><li>no </li></ul></ul>Sentence Negation
  5. 5. If we look at the literal translation, it could sound funny: She no is tall. He no is bored. Your house no is blue. But that’s the structure of Spanish. By placing a NO before the verb, the verb and entire sentence is negated. Verb Sentence Negation
  6. 6. Now you try it… How can these sentences be negated? Tú eres inteligente. (You are smart.) Ellos están en casa. (They are at home.) Yo estoy feliz. (I am happy.) Practice!
  7. 7. Now you try it… How can these sentences be negated? Tú eres inteligente. Ellos están en casa. Yo estoy feliz . (I am happy.) Practice!
  8. 8. Now you try it… How can these sentences be negated? Tú eres inteligente. Ellos están en casa. Practice! Yo estoy feliz . (I am not happy.) no
  9. 9. Now you try it… How can these sentences be negated? Tú eres inteligente . (You are smart.) Ellos están en casa. Practice! Yo estoy feliz. (I am not happy.) no
  10. 10. Now you try it… How can these sentences be negated? Ellos están en casa. Practice! Yo estoy feliz. (I am not happy.) no Tú eres inteligente . (You are not smart.) no
  11. 11. Tú eres inteligente. (You are not smart.) Yo estoy feliz. (I am not happy.) no no Now you try it… How can these sentences be negated? Ellos están en casa . Practice!
  12. 12. Tú eres inteligente. (You are not smart.) Ellos están en casa . (They are not at home.) Yo estoy feliz. (I am not happy.) no no no Now you try it… How can these sentences be negated? Practice!
  13. 13. Nosotros vamos a ir al cine. (We are going to go to the movie.) Those were easy!  How about these? Voy al trabajo. (I go to work.) How about some more?
  14. 14. Nosotros vamos a ir al cine. (We are going to go to the movie.) Those were easy!  How about these? Voy al trabajo . (I go to work.) How about some more?
  15. 15. Those were easy!  How about these? voy al trabajo . (I don’t go to work.) No Nosotros vamos a ir al cine. (We are going to go to the movie.) How about some more?
  16. 16. Those were easy!  How about these? voy al trabajo. (I don’t go to work.) No Nosotros vamos a ir al cine . (We are going to go to the movie.) How about some more?
  17. 17. Nosotros vamos a ir al cine. (We are not going to go to the movie.) Those were easy!  How about these? voy al trabajo. (I don’t go to work.) No no How about some more?
  18. 18. Another way to negate sentences is to use words such as: <ul><li>nunca </li></ul><ul><li>jam á s </li></ul><ul><li>nadie </li></ul><ul><li>tampoco </li></ul><ul><li>ni </li></ul><ul><li>ninguno </li></ul><ul><li>ninguna </li></ul><ul><li>ningún </li></ul><ul><li>nada </li></ul><ul><li>never </li></ul><ul><li>never ever </li></ul><ul><li>nobody </li></ul><ul><li>either </li></ul><ul><li>negative and or nor </li></ul><ul><li>none (male) </li></ul><ul><li>none (female) </li></ul><ul><li>none (male singular) </li></ul><ul><li>nothing </li></ul>Other Negative Words
  19. 19. <ul><li>Voy al cine. </li></ul><ul><li>Go to the movies ( “I” is implied). </li></ul><ul><li>Ella hace la tarea. </li></ul><ul><li>She does homework. </li></ul><ul><li>El llamó por teléfono. </li></ul><ul><li>He called by phone. </li></ul><ul><li>Vino mi papá y mi mamá. </li></ul><ul><li>Came my dad and my mom. </li></ul>These words can be used in front of the verb and after too, if there is another negative description before the verb. We have these affirmative sentences: Negative Word Placement
  20. 20. These words can be used in front of the verb and after too, if there is another negative description before the verb. Negative Word Placement <ul><li>Nunca voy al cine. </li></ul><ul><li>(I) never go to the movies. </li></ul><ul><li>Ella nunca hace la tarea. </li></ul><ul><li>She never does homework </li></ul><ul><li>Nadie llamó nunca por télefono. </li></ul><ul><li>Nobody called never the telephone </li></ul><ul><li>No vino ni mi papá ni mi mamá. </li></ul><ul><li>Did not come my dad nor my mom </li></ul><ul><li>Voy al cine . </li></ul><ul><li>Go to the movies ( “I” is implied). </li></ul><ul><li>Ella hace la tarea. </li></ul><ul><li>She does homework. </li></ul><ul><li>El llamó por teléfono. </li></ul><ul><li>He called by phone. </li></ul><ul><li>Vino mi papá y mi mamá. </li></ul><ul><li>Came my dad and my mom. </li></ul>Notice their change to negative, and how it can come before the verb: We have these affirmative sentences:
  21. 21. These words can be used in front of the verb and after too, if there is another negative description before the verb. Negative Word Placement <ul><li>Nunca voy al cine. </li></ul><ul><li>(I) never go to the movies. </li></ul><ul><li>Ella nunca hace la tarea. </li></ul><ul><li>She never does homework. </li></ul><ul><li>Nadie llamó nunca por télefono. </li></ul><ul><li>Nobody called never the telephone </li></ul><ul><li>No vino ni mi papá ni mi mamá. </li></ul><ul><li>Did not come my dad nor my mom </li></ul><ul><li>Voy al cine . </li></ul><ul><li>Go to the movies ( “I” is implied). </li></ul><ul><li>Ella hace la tarea . </li></ul><ul><li>She does homework. </li></ul><ul><li>El llamó por teléfono. </li></ul><ul><li>He called by phone. </li></ul><ul><li>Vino mi papá y mi mamá. </li></ul><ul><li>Came my dad and my mom. </li></ul>Notice their change to negative, and how it can come before the verb: We have these affirmative sentences:
  22. 22. These words can be used in front of the verb and after too, if there is another negative description before the verb. Negative Word Placement <ul><li>Nunca voy al cine. </li></ul><ul><li>(I) never go to the movies. </li></ul><ul><li>Ella nunca hace la tarea. </li></ul><ul><li>She never does homework. </li></ul><ul><li>Nadie llamó nunca por teléfono. </li></ul><ul><li>Nobody called never by phone. </li></ul><ul><li>No vino ni mi papá ni mi mamá. </li></ul><ul><li>Did not come my dad nor my mom </li></ul><ul><li>Voy al cine . </li></ul><ul><li>Go to the movies ( “I” is implied). </li></ul><ul><li>Ella hace la tarea. </li></ul><ul><li>She does homework. </li></ul><ul><li>El llamó por teléfono . </li></ul><ul><li>He called by phone. </li></ul><ul><li>Vino mi papá y mi mamá. </li></ul><ul><li>Came my dad and my mom. </li></ul>Notice their change to negative, and how it can come before the verb: We have these affirmative sentences:
  23. 23. Notice their change to negative, and how it can come before the verb: <ul><li>Nunca voy al cine. </li></ul><ul><li>(I) never go to the movies. </li></ul><ul><li>Ella nunca hace la tarea. </li></ul><ul><li>She never does homework </li></ul><ul><li>Nadie llamó nunca por teléfono. </li></ul><ul><li>Nobody called never by phone. </li></ul><ul><li>No vino ni mi papá ni mi mamá. </li></ul><ul><li>Did not come my dad nor my mom. </li></ul>Negative Word Placement These words can be used in front of the verb and after too, if there is another negative description before the verb. <ul><li>Voy al cine. </li></ul><ul><li>Go to the movies ( “I” is implied). </li></ul><ul><li>Ella hace la tarea. </li></ul><ul><li>She does homework. </li></ul><ul><li>El llamó por teléfono. </li></ul><ul><li>He called by phone. </li></ul><ul><li>Vino mi papá y mi mamá . </li></ul><ul><li>Came my dad and my mom. </li></ul>We have these affirmative sentences:
  24. 24. It is correct to use 2 negative words in the same sentence. The sentence stays in the negative. <ul><li>No encontré nada en la tienda. </li></ul><ul><li>(I) No found nothing in the store </li></ul><ul><li>I didn’t find anything in the store. </li></ul><ul><li>Nunca hace nada de tarea. </li></ul><ul><li>(He/she) Never does nothing of homework </li></ul><ul><li>She never does any homework. </li></ul><ul><li>El perro no hace nada . </li></ul><ul><li>The dog no does nothing </li></ul><ul><li>The dog doesn’t do anything (does no harm). </li></ul>Double Negative
  25. 25. Create two simple sentences using the no particle. You can help yourself with the chart below. 1 2 3 4 5 Pronoun No Estar To Be Ser To be Habla Speak/ Call Correr Run 1 Yo no estoy - hablo corro en (at) a (to) la casa (home) Tú no estás - hablas corres el trabajo (work) El / Ella no está - habla corre el cine (movies) 2 Nosotros no estamos somos hablamos corremos - buenos (good) Ustedes no están son hablan corren rápidos (fast) Ellos no están son hablan corren juntos (together)
  26. 26. Lesson Complete Questions? In this lesson, we covered affirmative sentences, and when we negate them. Adding “no”! Also “double negatives.” Keep practicing! Flashcard Sets: Affirmative and Negative http://www.livemocha.com/flashcard_sets/view/246514/Spanish-Affirmative,-Negative http://www.livemocha.com/flashcard_sets/view/127563 Keep doing Livemocha Lessons Practice with native speakers on Livemocha Talk to native speakers and listen to how they negate sentences. And have fun! 

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