Movement for Liveable London Street Talks - Andrew Cameron 14th June 2011

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June 2011 Street Talk by Andrew Cameron, Director of Urban Design, WSP. Brought to you by Movement for Liveable London - …

June 2011 Street Talk by Andrew Cameron, Director of Urban Design, WSP. Brought to you by Movement for Liveable London -
movementforliveablelondon.com

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  • 1. How to make great streetsAndrew Cameron WSP Director of Urban Design 14th June 2011
  • 2.
  • 3.
  • 4. 37%
  • 5. Newark market place 1774
  • 6.
  • 7.
  • 8. suburban sprawl
  • 9. we are still building the ingredients of towns but have forgotten how to put them together
  • 10.
  • 11.
  • 12.
  • 13.
  • 14. Leon Krier
  • 15. traditional neighbourhood
  • 16.
  • 17.
  • 18.
  • 19.
  • 20. so what makes a great quality street?
  • 21. made for sharing
  • 22. variety
  • 23.
  • 24. Some principles for great streets
    1. Work as a team
    2. Place then movement
    3. Streets are integrators of communities
    4. Hierarchy of users
    5. Invest in streets
    6. Traffic capacity should not always be the primary consideration
    7. De-clutter
  • 25. 1. Work as a Team
    A team approach for the design and use of streets is essential.
    Designers need to interact together to get the best design solutions. They also need to be able to think for themselves; use their judgement and undertake their own studies and research. Many streets require a ‘non-standard’ approach to respond more to context.
    There must also be consultation and participation with local groups and communities.
  • 26.
  • 27. 2. Place then Movement
    Consider Place then Movement.
    As well as the creation of great streets and spaces that work in terms of place and movement there are other considerations such as the social and cultural benefits of civic places; the health of communities and their well being and how places can adapt and be flexible over time.
  • 28.
  • 29.
  • 30. 3. Streets are the integrators of communities
    Streets should integrate not segregate communities and neighbourhoods.
    Streets need to have crisscrossability.
    People like to walk in straight lines.
    The ability to cross on the diagonal is often very desirable and should be catered for – hypotenuse observing pedestrians: ‘hops’.
  • 31.
  • 32. New Malden High Street, Kingston
  • 33.
  • 34. Frankfurter Strasse, Hennef, Germany
  • 35.
  • 36. By pass / link road / distributor road
  • 37.
  • 38.
  • 39.
  • 40. 4. Hierarchy of Users
    • Pedestrians
    • 41. Cyclists
    • 42. Public transport users
    • 43. Specialist service vehicles (e.g. emergency and waste)
    • 44. Other motor vehicles
    When considering pedestrians first also include those who may be disabled and the needs of children – in particular the ability for play.
  • 45.
  • 46.
  • 47.
  • 48.
  • 49.
  • 50. 3.38 Cross roads: Cross roads are generally regarded as the most dangerous form of junction, largely because they imply cross traffic movement (Figure 90). They should therefore normally be avoided.
  • 51.
  • 52.
  • 53. Urban streets and junctions:
    time to rethink?
  • 54.
  • 55.
  • 56.
  • 57.
  • 58. 5. Invest in Streets
    Streets are by far the greater part of the public realm, over 80% of our public space is in the form of streets, and hence are the main investment in the public realm that is made.
    Streets will usually outlive the buildings that front them.
    Good maintenance and management is essential.
    Adaptability.
  • 59.
  • 60.
  • 61.
  • 62. 6. Traffic capacity should not always be the primary consideration
    Often when dealing with the rejuvenation of existing busy streets there can be a desire to undertake works and maintain or improve traffic capacity.
    It may be acceptable on occasions to compromise the capacity and / or speed of traffic to create quality places.
    Team working and political support needed.
  • 63.
  • 64.
  • 65.
  • 66.
  • 67. Alnwick, Northumberland
  • 68.
  • 69.
  • 70.
  • 71.
  • 72.
  • 73.
  • 74. 7. De-clutter…
    …but keep the good stuff!
    Lines, signs, posts etc. should be kept to an absolute minimum.
    The majority of signs in our urban and rural environments are not required.
    Start with no signs at all.
  • 75.
  • 76.
  • 77. Crewe Green
  • 78. The House of Lords
    Judgments - Gorringe (Appellant) v. Calderdale Metropolitan Borough Council (Respondents) (2004)
    LORD STEYN
    …the courts must not contribute to the creation of a society bent on litigation, which is premised on the illusion that for every misfortune there is a remedy.
    LORD HOFFMANN
    People must accept responsibility for their own actions and take the necessary care to avoid injuring themselves or others.
    The users of the highway were expected to look after themselves.
    Drivers of vehicles must take the highway network as they find it.
  • 79.
  • 80.
  • 81.
  • 82.
  • 83.
  • 84.
  • 85. the three reasons why streets work
  • 86. Kane Kwei Carpentry Workshop in Ghana
  • 87.
  • 88.
  • 89. We must build more beautiful places,
    is this actually the key to sustainability?
    We may have to break the rules to do this;
    but if these places are beautiful then surely they will be loved; they will last and people will want to be in them.
  • 90.
  • 91.
  • 92.
  • 93.
  • 94.
  • 95.
  • 96. How we structure places is importantMovement and the role of the street is keyBuild beautiful and adaptable placesStreets need ‘good’ chaos
  • 97. how to make great streetsAndrew Cameron WSP Director of Urban Design andrew.cameron@wspgroup.com+44 (0)7795 237 040