user generated content online and political processes: conceptual problems of policy, media and legal regulation

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presentation delivered in the conference "Making Democract Work in the Digital Age" in Vilnius, November 5th, 2009

presentation delivered in the conference "Making Democract Work in the Digital Age" in Vilnius, November 5th, 2009

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  • http://propellingbrands.files.wordpress.com/2008/11/istock_000006846616large.jpg
  • http://www.industrialsearchenginemarketing.com/blog/wp-content/uploads/2009/03/ugc.bmp
  • http://noontje.files.wordpress.com/2008/11/timepersonoftheyear1.jpg
  • http://www.socialtimes.com/images/censorship.gif
  • http://www.jiscinfonet.ac.uk/InfoKits/infokit-related-files/caveman1.jpg
  • http://propellingbrands.files.wordpress.com/2008/11/istock_000006846616large.jpg

Transcript

  • 1. u ser generated content online and political processes : conceptual problems of policy, media and legal regulation Liutauras Ulevičius MRU, 2009
  • 2.  
  • 3. conceptual challenges
    • how should virtual communication be optimally employed as democracy and political discourse catalyst?
    • user generated vs. illegal content – creating procedures of evaluation, authentification and liability?
    • content creators and media status – when should users be deemed as media-like subjects?
  • 4. definitions
  • 5. user generated content (UGC)
    • defining UGC
      • no definition
    • specifying UGC
      • user interaction as a response or as creativity
      • virtual form
    • categorizing UGC
      • ... impossible?
      • ... ever evol v ing?
  • 6. user generated content (UGC)
    • interaction and feedback
      • comments
      • polls
    • social networks (utilization of uniting factor)
      • general (facebook, ...)
      • empowering frameworks (photo, geneology, ...)
    • user-driven discourse
      • blogs (media-like function)
      • forums, email lists
    initiative civil society!
  • 7. information & political processes
    • legal environment
      • Reklamos įstatymas
      • Politinių partijų ir politinių kampanijų finansavimo įstatymas
      • Visuomenės informavimo įstatymas
      • Nepilnamečių apsaugos nuo neigiamo viešosios informacijos poveikio įstatymas
      • ...
  • 8. information & political processes
    • political campaigns
      • Barack Obama fund-raising and support consolidation
    • public discourse (opinions, ...)
      • Racas.lt vs. Ingrida Šimonytė
  • 9. policy
  • 10.  
  • 11. defining UGC
    • “ political call for action”  negative UGC on political activities in www.delfi.lt
    • Law on Provision of Information to the Public, 2006+ editions
    • information society media
      • individual request
      • distant
      • Information society service
      • (no) usually paid
  • 12. Lithuanian case law
    • Media Ethics Inspector, 2007 Nr. SPR-9
      • situation:
        • www.blogas.lt/kaboom
        • content – instructions how to make explosives
        • legal evaluation – public information, negative effect to minors
      • decision:
        • blog-farm owner / author(s) to be liable
        • notice-and-take-down procedure
  • 13.  
  • 14. adaptation ad hoc ?
    • sub-conclusions:
      • no support for criticism ...
      • “ traditional” means to prosecute
      • no framework to support freedom of expression
  • 15. media
  • 16. media subjects
    • publishers
    • editors
    • j ournalists
    • public authorities (ethics, self-government, ...)
    • ... internet users ???
  • 17. Council of Europe
    • C ommittee of Experts on New Media, 2009.09.28-30, Strasbourg:
      • elaborating a policy document reviewing the concept of media itself to include relevant new media and media-like mass communication services and service providers
      • application to the new services or service providers of Council of Europe standards that were developed for traditional forms of mass communication
      • regulatory activities required to ensure respect for Council of Europe values in the framework of new media and media-like mass communication services
  • 18. Lithuanian case law
    • Lietuvos vyriausiasis administracinis teismas, administrative case Nr. A 444 -70/2009, 2009.04.20:
      • are bloggers entitled to the same legal protection as journalists?
      • <...> pakanka nustatyti, ar fizinis asmuo profesionaliai renka, rengia ir teikia medžiagą, kurią pats panaudoja veikdamas kaip viešosios informacijos rengėjas
  • 19. Lithuanian case law online user citizen journalist professional way to collect, analyse and disseminate information
  • 20. media changes, users empowered?
    • sub-conclusions:
      • every online user is partially a journalist
        • factor of professionalism
      • media rights for online users are still to fight for ... although first cases are encouraging
      • media not willing to share the rights and privileges
  • 21. legal regulation
  • 22. problem Nr.1
    • lack of u nified approach
    • legal environment
      • EU directives
      • Law on the Provision of Information to the Public
      • concept of Information society service
    • CoE, EU-wide ???
  • 23. problem Nr. 2
    • obligations = rights (prof. A.Vaišvila)
    • if ... then ...
      • media-like are liable!
      • media-like should be equal to media
    • formal approval needed
  • 24. problem Nr. 3
    • pluralism and protection of different opinions
      • ECJ cases
    • racial, etc. hatred, discrimination – real cases and real problems
    • limits between freedom of expression vs. interest of others
  • 25. conclusions
  • 26. conclusions
  • 27. Thank you! Questions? Liutauras Ulevičius, MRU, 2009 – www.ulevičius.lt Presentation artwork from: http://propellingbrands.wordpress.com , www.jiscinfonet.ac.uk , www.socialtimes.com , http://noontje.files.wordpress.com , www.industrialsearchenginemarketing.com , Time Inc.