Internet portals in the Baltic States: legal issues
Internet portals in theBaltic States: legalissues Liutauras Ulevičius Mykolas Romeris University Vilnius – October 15th, 2005
The ProblemInternet has matured into a commodityInternet portals have gained dailyaudiences throughout the Baltic StatesSocial relations intensify on the virtualarenaOld legal rules does not fit for a newsituation
The SolutionExpert analysis Analysis of theIdentification of “the situation in theweakest links” marketLegal procedures to Owners and chiefupdate existing editors of theregulation internet portals Daily legal issues
The Methodology• Ist phase: Legal review, data (expert opinions) from the market leaders The most common issues• IInd phase: Questionnaires Statistical analysis
Ist phaseExpertise in-place “Media law” (LT) “kavkazcenter.com” (LT-FIN-..) juudid ahju / Olev Hannula (EE)Legal regulation analysis (systematic)Legal comparison
Expertise in-place (I)“Media law” by Liudvika Meškauskaitė Internet media (incl. Internet portals) are “means of mass communication” (liet. visuomenės informavimo priemonės) Content control is not in line with the Constitution due to the wrong legal form (according to the Convention human rights should be regulated by law)
Expertise in-place (II)“kavkazcenter.com” Internet media are nor regulated by the Law of Mass communication Two separate regimes: The law of Mass communication The Police law and governmental content control order
Expertise in-place (III)Olev Hannula vs. Estonian society Competition of principles: Free speech (a right to comment) Public order, no racism Olevs appeal failed Race vs. Nation (“arab” comment case)
Legal regulation analysis Draft law on Mass communication (Press law) Subject responsible for a legal act Paradigm of “mean of mass communication in information society” (liet. informacinės visuomenės informavimo priemonė) LV intiatives Draft law, internet media chapter excluded
Expert opinionsDelfi editors LT – generaly supports draft law LV – oposes draft law, sugests to add user created content (UCC) issues EE – no special law for mediaOmni.lt, bernardinai.lt editors LT – mostly concerned with intellectual property issues (e.g. deep linking), UCC
Conclusions (Ist phase)The most common issues to be dealtwith: A right to comment A responsible subject (author vs. editor/owner) Legal mechanism – Press law, Police law, etc.
Thank You! Liutauras Ulevičius Mykolas Romeris University iutas@mruni. t, +370-686-08820
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