Wrote down initials of the one who love them unconditionally & those who they could turn to in times of needs
Study 2 Results and Discussions
After writing about the dissatisfying aspect of their appearance, HSE appearance contingent showed greater desire to want to affiliate with close others & LSE wanted to avoid any contact.
Responses were eliminated. However, needs for self-esteem and sense of belonging were temporarily satisfied.
Results were consistent with the hypothesis that the responses of appearance-contingent HSE & LSE participants reflect responses to perceive threat- Not just self-esteem but belongings as well.
Study 3 Objective:
Study 3 has used a more direct and controlled manipulation of appearance threat:
Participants receiving feedback from fellow participants.
Includes a more rigorous control condition, which is a threat to intelligence & intellectual competence, to rule out the possibility that any negative feedback, as opposed to feedback related specifically to appearance, would produce equivalent effects.
Study 3 Hypothesis of Researcher:
Conforming with the previous findings, it was expected that HSE appearance-contingent participants would covet conjunction with close others adhering negative appearance feedback, but not negative competence feedback.
In contrast, it was expected that LSE appearance-contingent participants would want to avoid conjunction with close others adhering negative appearance feedback and not following competence feedback.
Study 3 Method: Participants & Procedure: 68 participants . 1 participant had suspected the feedback, so the final sample consisted of 67 participants. (33 Females,34 Males) Participants were brought together. The experimenter then left the room so participants could converse freely with each other for 10 minutes. Next, the experimenter collected the forms and administered the randomly assigned manipulation to each participant individually.
Study 3 Results & Discussions: Results revealed only the predicted 3-way interaction between Self-esteem, Appearance CSW, and Condition . Among HSE participants in the appearance threat condition, having high appearance CSW was related to greater desire to be with close others . Among LSE participants in the appearance threat condition, having high appearance CSW was associated with less desire to engage in activities with close others. However, researchers had found an effect of appearance CSW among HSE participants in the negative competence feedback condition (i.e., high appearance CSW was associated with less desire for social contact).
Safe to receive a compliment about one’s appearance
Physically attractive is closely linked to interpersonal liking and social acceptance
Study 5 Discussion:
Not only it will increase self-esteem but also social belonging .(LSE people)
Unexpected finding from the HSE appearance-contingent .
People with HSE perceived themselves as attractive and likable.
HSE appearance-contingent individuals may serve to maintain their already favorable self-perceptions of attractiveness and likeability.
No increase to their sense of attractiveness for people with HSE.
Study 6 Objectives: To examine participants desire to engage in appearance-boosting activities. Using a more controlled threat. (similar to study 3) Expected that LSE participants would show greater motivation.
Study 6 Method: 48 participants (24 women, 24 men) 1 female and 1 male in each session. Seated in separate rooms. Purpose of study was to…… They were brought together and then brought to separate rooms again. Randomly assigned for either positive or negative feedback. Manipulation checks and reported their desire to engage in appearance activities. Debriefed and dismissed.
Effects of self-esteem, appearance CSW and experimental condition, controlling for demographic variables and vanity .
Extension of findings of Study 5. Key finding was the same: LSE participants show greater interest in engaging appearance-boosting activities when their sense of physical attractiveness was threatened. Desire may reflect a way of enhancing the self.
Limitations Aim of this research was to identify the immediate motivational consequences of experiencing a threat to a domain of contingent self-worth, and to examine how these motivational consequences differed for people with HSE versus LSE. Accordingly, the dependent measures used captured a relatively direct, early-in-the-stream portrayal of people’s motivations. The studies reported here used relatively controlled and unambiguous forms of self-threat.
Limitations Another limitation pertains to the generalizability of the current findings. Another interpretation, however, is that the competence feedback .
Recommendations Future studies should examine the extent to which participants’ initial motivations lead to strategic behaviors aimed at social acceptance and self-enhancement. Future research might profitably examine whether self-esteem and contingencies of self-worth shape people’s tendency to view ambiguous social events as posing particular kinds of threats. Future studies would benefit from examining whether the specific domain on which people stake their self-worth has implications for the manner in which they cope with threat.
Conclusion Threats to the intellective self may motivate endeavors to restore one’s self-regard and sense of social belonging (MacDonald & Leary, 2005). People with HSE, who tend to feel positively regarded by others, responded to self-threat in a socially optimistic fashion, by seeking to affiliate directly with others as potential sources of reassurance and affirmation. In contrast, people with LSE, who tend to feel less positively regarded by others, responded in a socially cautious manner, by seeking to withdraw from others and to redress personal savors perceived to be deficient (i.e., by enhancing their attractiveness).
The End Thank You !!! Done by: Lithya Krishna Edora Mayangsari Chermaine Ng