Nationalism as a Cause of WWII TimelinePresentation Transcript
Nationalism as a Cause of WWII Germany 1929-1939 By Lindsey Purves http://weshallfightthemonthebeaches.wordpress.com/2009/11/30/what-does-a-flag-represent/
1929 Wall Street Crash American stock market crashes and USA takes back the money lent to Germany, destroying the German economy. Nazi Party Has 178,00 Members http://www.thefullwiki.org/Black_Tuesday The sense of loss that all of Germany felt may have increased the nationalism and their belief they needed extreme measures to get their economy back on track
1930 Nazi Party Holds 107 seats in the Reichstag Wilhelm Frick becomes the first Nazi to become a minister in a state government http://de.academic.ru/dic.nsf/dewiki/1169766 The increased nationalism may have led Germans to support the loudest voice in defense of a pure Germany.
1931 Nazi Brown House officially opened in Munich On the Jewish New Year’s Eve Nazi gangs in Berlin attack Jews returning from synagogue http://dalje.com/en-world/german-girl-accused-of-faking-neo-nazi-attack/182986 Nationalism, which Hitler seemed so devoted to, may have boosted the other beliefs Hitler was preaching, making the Nazis strike out fiercely.
1932 Hitler receives 30% of votes in the Presidential Elections and nearly 37% in the runoff elections against Hindenburg Almost 500 battles take place between Nazis and Communists in Prussia At least 82 people killed and 400 wounded http://sipseystreetirregulars.blogspot.com/2010/07/black-archaeologists-and-their.html As the nationalism increased throughout Germany, more people felt they should vote for the loudest speaker behind the “voice of Russia”.
1933 Hitler becomes Chancellor Dachau The first concentration camp is set up in Dachau http://history1900s.about.com/library/holocaust/bldachau31.htm With the country backing Hitler in their nationalism, the best choice would be to make Hitler chancellor to please the people.
1934 Night of the Long Knives A purge carried out by the Nazi regimen, executing people seen as a threat to the Nazis and Hitler. Most executed were those in a political position. Hitler Becomes Führer http://webs.ono.com/pedabagon/pedro/Historiacontemporanea/temas/fascismos/documentos/imagenes.html As more support in Hitler’s ideologies appears, more people look up to him and so he became the “top dog”; the F ü hrer.
1935 Passing of the Nuremberg Laws Anti-Semitic laws introduced at the annual Nuremberg Rally of the Nazi Party. Columbia Haus prison in Berlin becomes a concentration camp Under control of the Gestapo (official secret police of Nazi Germany) http://www.zchor.org/sachsenhausen/sachsenhausen.htm Hitler has noticed how many more people support him and Germany, and so he becomes more daring in what he does.
1936 Nazis March into the Rhineland The Berlin Olympics http://sf94.wikidot.com/hvem-var-hitler Hitler had become so confident in Germany’s loyalty (to himself and Germany) he let others around the world into Germany and started the biggest step into war.
1937 Hitler Reveals War Plans “ Formally abrogates the Treaty of Versailles” Jewish Rights taken away Order from the German Ministry of the Interior deprives all Jews of municipal citizenship. A Nazi decree bars Jews from receiving university degrees. German Jews are forbidden to play music by Beethoven or Mozart during Jewish cultural concerts. A German decree forbids Jews from studying medicine. Only in rare cases can Jews obtain passports for foreign travel. http://www.ibeatyou.com/blog/2010/02/04/worst-person-wake/ Germany’s nationalism led many Germans to believe Hitler would do them no wrong and what he was doing was actually helping Raise Germany’s standing in the world.
1938 Night of Broken Glass (Kristallnacht) A series of attacks against Jews throughout Nazi Germany and parts of Austria. Jewish towns, villages, homes and shops were ransacked. 91 Jews were killed and 30,000 Jewish men were taken to concentration camps. Nazis Take Austria http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kristallnacht More supporters for Hitler’s cause gave him even more power and confidence.
1939 The Nazi-Soviet Non-Aggression Pact Nazis Take Czechoslovakia http://trcs.wikispaces.com/Cat+and+Maus%3B+Rivals+on+the+German+Front . Other countries began to notice how much power Hitler now wielded and did not want to face such a nationalistically united army in battle.
Top Five Nationalism-Driven Events 1 – Nazis’ march into the Rhineland ~ The nationalism in Germany was so high that Hitler knew no one inside the country would object to him taking such extreme measures for Germany, and would even support him. 2 – 30% of presidential votes ~ The Germans wanted to have a leader who would do anything for Germany. 3 – Night of Broken Glass ~ Germans were willing to go through with more of Hitler’s ideas, even if it meant killing fellow Germans. 4 – 500 battles: Nazis vs. Communists ~ Wanting to keep Germany as it had always been led to so many battles in defense. 5 – Night of the Long Knives ~ Support for Hitler and his support of “the German way” led his supporters to get rid of anything that could get in Hitler’s way.