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  1. 1. The scientific study of the functions of an organism that describes how the organs work independently and in relation to the whole organism, a definition of : - Anatomy - physiology - histology - pathophysiology a standard method of viewing the body so that the anatomy can be consistently described is : - A position of the body in which a person sit down, facing directly forward, feet pointed forward and slightly apart, arms hanging down at the sides with the palms facing forward - A position of the body in which a person stands erect, facing directly forward, feet pointed laterally and slightly apart, arms hanging down at the sides with the palms facing forward - A position of the body in which a person stands erect, facing directly forward, feet pointed forward and slightly apart, arms hanging down at the sides with the palms facing backward - A position of the body in which a person stands erect, facing directly forward, feet pointed forward and slightly apart, arms hanging down at the sides with the palms facing forward which one of these means more toward the head : - Superficial - Proximal - Superior - Anterior The spine is _____ to the breastbone - posterior - Superior - Anterior - Superficial The eyes are _____ to the bridge of the nose - lateral - medial - Anterior - Superior The mouth is _____ to the nose - inferior - Anterior - Superior - medial The nose is _____ to the mouth - inferior - Anterior - Superior - medial
  2. 2. a(n) _____ must respond to signals indicating that a change has occurred by triggering events which will influence the change : - receptor - control center - effector - homeostasis a change in a condition is sensed and amplified : - negative feedback - positive feedback - homeostatic imbalance - homeostasis breast feeding is an example of : - negative feedback - positive feedback - homeostatic imbalance - homeostasis what is the hormone that is released during delivery to increase the contraction of vagina ? which part of the body contain the temperature's center ? Protects underlying organs from mechanical damage and synthesizes vitamin D : - Muscules - Integumentary ( skin ) - bones - nerves Histology would be best defined as a study of : - cells - tissues - cell chemistry - the gross structures of the body If you consider your home air conditioner in terms of homeostasis, then the wall thermostat would be the : - control center - receptor - effector - variable What is the main, general purpose of negative feedback? - to control all body system tissues - to maintain homeostasis - to keep the body s sugar highʹ - to regulate excretion Which term means toward or at the back of the body, behind? - anterior - lateral - distal - dorsal Which of the following statements is true concerning feedback mechanisms?
  3. 3. - Positive feedback mechanisms always result in excessive damage to the host. - Negative feedback mechanisms tend to increase the original stimulus. - Negative feedback mechanisms work to prevent sudden severe changes within the body. - Blood glucose levels are regulated by positive feedback mechanisms. A good example of a positive feedback mechanism would be ________. - body temperature regulation - regulating glucose levels in the blood - enhancement of labor contractions - blood calcium level regulation A good example of a positive feedback mechanism would be ________. - body temperature regulation - regulating glucose levels in the blood - enhancement of labor contractions - blood calcium level regulation A good example of a positive feedback mechanism would be ________. - body temperature regulation - regulating glucose levels in the blood - enhancement of labor contractions - blood calcium level regulation Choose the anatomical topic and definition that is not correctly matched. - Gross anatomy: study of structures visible to the eye. - Microscopic anatomy: study of structures too small to be seen by the naked eye. - Cytology: study of the structures in a particular region. - Embryology: study of the changes in an individual from conception to birth. Homeostasis is the condition in which the body maintains ________ - the lowest possible energy usage - a relatively stable internal environment, within limits - a static state with no deviation from preset points - a dynamic state within an unlimited range Place the following in correct sequence from simplest to most complex: 1. molecules 2. atoms 3. tissues 4. cells 5. organ A) 1-2-3-4-5 B) 2-1-4-3-5 C) 2-1-3-4-5 D) 1-2-4-3-5 Which of the following statements is the most correct regarding homeostatic imbalance? - It is considered the cause of most diseases. - The internal environment is becoming more stable. - Positive feedback mechanisms are overwhelmed. - Negative feedback mechanisms are functioning normally.
  4. 4. The anatomical position is used ________. - rarely, because people don t usually assume this positionʹ - as a standard reference point for directional terms regardless of the actual position of the body - only when a body is lying down - as the most comfortable way to stand when dissecting a specimen What is a vertical section through the body, dividing it into anterior and posterior regions called? - frontal - median - sagittal - transverse Which one of the following is not a constituent of cell membrane? - Phospholipids - Cholesterol - Glycolipids - Proline Which of the following organelles is directly connected to the outer membrane of the nucleus? - Mitochondrion - Golgi apparatus - Endoplasmic reticulum In which of the following cell organelles, it is expected to find the biochemical reactions that harness energy from the breakdown of sugar molecules to synthesize large amounts of ATP? - Lysosome - Vesicles - Mitochondria - Plasma membrane Fibroblast is made in smooth ER rough ER mitochandira golgi bodies Packaging, Modification & Shipping Station of Cell : smooth ER rough ER mitochandira golgi bodies

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