• The plot
• The end
• Introduce the story by telling what kind of story it
For example: This is a true story; This is a story I heard
• Use connectors to start:
First of all
To start with
At the beginning
• Introduce the characters in the story.
• Tell how the story started.
Provide background information about the setting and
time period when the story took place.
Say where, when, what time of day, what the weather
• Use connectors to go on:
Then; After that; Next,
As soon as/ when + full clause,
…but then; immediately,
• Tell the main events in the order that they
For example: I left home and went to the park; then, I
saw a curious little girl…
• Use adverbs to introduce:
- Interruptions and/or New Elements to the Story:
“Suddenly, a car appeared roaring along the road.”
- Events occurring at the Same Time:
While/ As + full clause
During + noun (noun clause)
“While I was looking at the girl, the car headed
• Tell what has changed or how things are now.
You can have a happy ending, a sad ending or a shift to
• Use connectors to end the story:
In the end,
• Make final comments or provide some
conclusions about the story.
Other Important Elements of Story
• Cause and Effect
Provide reasons for different actions that occur in the
• Link Ideas Logically
• Use proper verb tenses
and Reported Speech
Think of a story to tell…
• Think of a story that happened to you which is
interesting. What happened?
• Was that a happy or sad story? Why?
• Which were the main events of the story? In which order
did they happen?
• How have things changed because of that story?
• Which lesson did you learn from the story?