Writing Fieldnotes
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×
 

Writing Fieldnotes

on

  • 1,536 views

 

Statistics

Views

Total Views
1,536
Views on SlideShare
1,461
Embed Views
75

Actions

Likes
0
Downloads
20
Comments
0

6 Embeds 75

http://educationalethnographyiup.blogspot.com 62
http://educationalethnographyiup.blogspot.ru 6
http://educationalethnographyiup.blogspot.in 4
http://translate.googleusercontent.com 1
http://educationalethnographyiup.blogspot.tw 1
http://educationalethnographyiup.blogspot.co.uk 1

Accessibility

Categories

Upload Details

Uploaded via as Microsoft PowerPoint

Usage Rights

© All Rights Reserved

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Processing…
Post Comment
Edit your comment

    Writing Fieldnotes Writing Fieldnotes Presentation Transcript

    • From field to desk
    • Fieldnotes
      • Field notes journals/Diaries
      • Texts about the field
      • Writing that records both what the ethnographer learns and observes.
      • A record of one’s reactions, comments and questions.
      • Construction and reconstruction of events: Observations and conversations.
    • Fieldnotes cont.
      • Develop a log technique/ a strategy to take notes
      • You might pursue whatever is interesting and worth noting related to language, literacy and culture
      • You can jot down phrases, key words, incomplete sentences (sensory, visual etc.)
    • Strategies for writing field notes
      • Describe whatever strikes you the most (the most interesting, the most noteworthy etc.)
      • Absence of certain practices, interactions, texts, visuals.
      • Write down the background knowledge
      • When your record your narrative, describe everything that happened during that period of time.
    • Strategies cont.
      • You can follow Spradley (1980)’s list:
      • Space: the physical place or places
      • Actor: the people involved
      • Activity: a set of related acts people do
      • Object: the physical things that are present
      • Act: actions that people do
      • Event: a set of related activities that people carry out
      • Time: the sequencing that take place over time.
      • Goal: The things people are trying to accomplish over time.
      • Feelings: The emotions felt and expressed.
    • Strategies cont.
      • You may also follow the conceptual memo idea of Street and Heath.
      • Maintain your conceptual memos on regular basis.
    • DATA COLLECTION AND DATA ANALYSIS
      • For your ethnographic research: THE DATA ANALYSIS AND COLLECTION IS A RECURSIVE PROCESS.
      • 1) Collect all your data including your field work narratives (transcripts, interviews, artifacts, field notes etc.) 2) Read the literature, begin forming your evolving theoretical lenses. 3)Keep your data in a safe and private place. 4) Begin coding (NVIVO, NUDIST). The central question in CODING: What themes and trends are emerging? 5) Do weekly writing about your data.
    • Data Analysis as a Recursive Process ORAL NARATIVES GROUP INTERACTIONS WRITTEN TEXTS CLASSROOM DISCUSSIONS ONLINE INTERACTIONS
    • Reminders
      • If it’s a restricted/private context, ask for the participants' permission.
      • If it is a public space (a coffee house, a library), sit as if you are one of the customers and observe your environment carefully, take notes etc.
      • You can do a follow up interview with one of the participants about the literacy events used in that setting.
    • Field work observations
      • Chose a setting that involves some literacy events (see the syllabus for some possible fields for this activity)
      • 45-60 minutes observations (participant observation, if the setting/actors allows). You may divide this into two days.
      • Have a tentative observation focus/question in mind (e.g. What is happening here in terms of literacy practices?)
      • Jot down as much information as possible. Take pictures, collect artifacts if appropriate.
    • Field work observations cont.
      • Transform your on-site writing into a narrative as soon as you get back to your place(2-3 pages).
      • Bring your write-ups and narratives to class 0n June 16 th
      • Compare and contrast your notes and narratives in style, focus, and format.
      • Please view the following websites for ethics discussion
      • http:// www.aaanet.org/committees/ethics/ethcode.htm
      • National Association of Social Workers’ (NASW) Code of Ethics
      • http:// www.socialworkers.org/pubs/code/code.asp
      • Indiana University of Pennsylvania’s Institutional Review Board (IRB)
      • http:// www.iup.edu/irb/default.aspx?linkidentifier = id&itemid =6587
    • Ethnical guidelines
      • Some ethical obligations include:
      • To avoid harm or wrong, understanding that the development of knowledge can lead to change which may be positive or negative for the people or animals worked with or studied
      • To respect the well-being of humans and nonhuman primates
      • To work for the long-term conservation of the archaeological, fossil, and historical records
      • To consult actively with the affected individuals or group(s), with the goal of establishing a working relationship that can be beneficial to all parties involved