Writing that records both what the ethnographer learns and observes.
A record of one’s reactions, comments and questions.
Construction and reconstruction of events: Observations and conversations.
Develop a log technique/ a strategy to take notes
You might pursue whatever is interesting and worth noting related to language, literacy and culture
You can jot down phrases, key words, incomplete sentences (sensory, visual etc.)
Strategies for writing field notes
Describe whatever strikes you the most (the most interesting, the most noteworthy etc.)
Absence of certain practices, interactions, texts, visuals.
Write down the background knowledge
When your record your narrative, describe everything that happened during that period of time.
You can follow Spradley (1980)’s list:
Space: the physical place or places
Actor: the people involved
Activity: a set of related acts people do
Object: the physical things that are present
Act: actions that people do
Event: a set of related activities that people carry out
Time: the sequencing that take place over time.
Goal: The things people are trying to accomplish over time.
Feelings: The emotions felt and expressed.
You may also follow the conceptual memo idea of Street and Heath.
Maintain your conceptual memos on regular basis.
DATA COLLECTION AND DATA ANALYSIS
For your ethnographic research: THE DATA ANALYSIS AND COLLECTION IS A RECURSIVE PROCESS.
1) Collect all your data including your field work narratives (transcripts, interviews, artifacts, field notes etc.) 2) Read the literature, begin forming your evolving theoretical lenses. 3)Keep your data in a safe and private place. 4) Begin coding (NVIVO, NUDIST). The central question in CODING: What themes and trends are emerging? 5) Do weekly writing about your data.
Data Analysis as a Recursive Process ORAL NARATIVES GROUP INTERACTIONS WRITTEN TEXTS CLASSROOM DISCUSSIONS ONLINE INTERACTIONS
If it’s a restricted/private context, ask for the participants' permission.
If it is a public space (a coffee house, a library), sit as if you are one of the customers and observe your environment carefully, take notes etc.
You can do a follow up interview with one of the participants about the literacy events used in that setting.
Field work observations
Chose a setting that involves some literacy events (see the syllabus for some possible fields for this activity)
45-60 minutes observations (participant observation, if the setting/actors allows). You may divide this into two days.
Have a tentative observation focus/question in mind (e.g. What is happening here in terms of literacy practices?)
Jot down as much information as possible. Take pictures, collect artifacts if appropriate.
Field work observations cont.
Transform your on-site writing into a narrative as soon as you get back to your place(2-3 pages).
Bring your write-ups and narratives to class 0n June 16 th
Compare and contrast your notes and narratives in style, focus, and format.
Please view the following websites for ethics discussion