From field to desk
Fieldnotes <ul><li>Field notes journals/Diaries </li></ul><ul><li>Texts about the field </li></ul><ul><li>Writing that rec...
Fieldnotes cont. <ul><li>Develop a log technique/ a strategy to take notes </li></ul><ul><li>You might pursue whatever is ...
Strategies for writing field notes <ul><li>Describe whatever strikes you the most (the most interesting, the most notewort...
Strategies cont.  <ul><li>You can follow Spradley (1980)’s list: </li></ul><ul><li>Space: the physical place or places </l...
Strategies cont. <ul><li>You may also follow the  conceptual memo  idea of Street and Heath. </li></ul><ul><li>Maintain yo...
DATA COLLECTION AND DATA ANALYSIS <ul><li>For your ethnographic research: THE DATA ANALYSIS AND COLLECTION IS A RECURSIVE ...
Data Analysis as a Recursive Process ORAL NARATIVES GROUP INTERACTIONS WRITTEN TEXTS CLASSROOM DISCUSSIONS ONLINE INTERACT...
Reminders <ul><li>If it’s a restricted/private context, ask for the participants' permission. </li></ul><ul><li>If it is a...
Field work observations <ul><li>Chose a setting that involves some literacy events (see the syllabus for some possible fie...
Field work observations cont. <ul><li>Transform your on-site writing into a narrative as soon as you get back to your plac...
<ul><li>Please view the following websites for ethics discussion </li></ul><ul><li>http:// www.aaanet.org/committees/ethic...
Ethnical guidelines <ul><li>Some ethical obligations include:  </li></ul><ul><li>To avoid harm or wrong, understanding tha...
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Writing Fieldnotes

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Writing Fieldnotes

  1. 1. From field to desk
  2. 2. Fieldnotes <ul><li>Field notes journals/Diaries </li></ul><ul><li>Texts about the field </li></ul><ul><li>Writing that records both what the ethnographer learns and observes. </li></ul><ul><li>A record of one’s reactions, comments and questions. </li></ul><ul><li>Construction and reconstruction of events: Observations and conversations. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Fieldnotes cont. <ul><li>Develop a log technique/ a strategy to take notes </li></ul><ul><li>You might pursue whatever is interesting and worth noting related to language, literacy and culture </li></ul><ul><li>You can jot down phrases, key words, incomplete sentences (sensory, visual etc.) </li></ul>
  4. 4. Strategies for writing field notes <ul><li>Describe whatever strikes you the most (the most interesting, the most noteworthy etc.) </li></ul><ul><li>Absence of certain practices, interactions, texts, visuals. </li></ul><ul><li>Write down the background knowledge </li></ul><ul><li>When your record your narrative, describe everything that happened during that period of time. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Strategies cont. <ul><li>You can follow Spradley (1980)’s list: </li></ul><ul><li>Space: the physical place or places </li></ul><ul><li>Actor: the people involved </li></ul><ul><li>Activity: a set of related acts people do </li></ul><ul><li>Object: the physical things that are present </li></ul><ul><li>Act: actions that people do </li></ul><ul><li>Event: a set of related activities that people carry out </li></ul><ul><li>Time: the sequencing that take place over time. </li></ul><ul><li>Goal: The things people are trying to accomplish over time. </li></ul><ul><li>Feelings: The emotions felt and expressed. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Strategies cont. <ul><li>You may also follow the conceptual memo idea of Street and Heath. </li></ul><ul><li>Maintain your conceptual memos on regular basis. </li></ul>
  7. 7. DATA COLLECTION AND DATA ANALYSIS <ul><li>For your ethnographic research: THE DATA ANALYSIS AND COLLECTION IS A RECURSIVE PROCESS. </li></ul><ul><li>1) Collect all your data including your field work narratives (transcripts, interviews, artifacts, field notes etc.) 2) Read the literature, begin forming your evolving theoretical lenses. 3)Keep your data in a safe and private place. 4) Begin coding (NVIVO, NUDIST). The central question in CODING: What themes and trends are emerging? 5) Do weekly writing about your data. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Data Analysis as a Recursive Process ORAL NARATIVES GROUP INTERACTIONS WRITTEN TEXTS CLASSROOM DISCUSSIONS ONLINE INTERACTIONS
  9. 9. Reminders <ul><li>If it’s a restricted/private context, ask for the participants' permission. </li></ul><ul><li>If it is a public space (a coffee house, a library), sit as if you are one of the customers and observe your environment carefully, take notes etc. </li></ul><ul><li>You can do a follow up interview with one of the participants about the literacy events used in that setting. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Field work observations <ul><li>Chose a setting that involves some literacy events (see the syllabus for some possible fields for this activity) </li></ul><ul><li>45-60 minutes observations (participant observation, if the setting/actors allows). You may divide this into two days. </li></ul><ul><li>Have a tentative observation focus/question in mind (e.g. What is happening here in terms of literacy practices?) </li></ul><ul><li>Jot down as much information as possible. Take pictures, collect artifacts if appropriate. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Field work observations cont. <ul><li>Transform your on-site writing into a narrative as soon as you get back to your place(2-3 pages). </li></ul><ul><li>Bring your write-ups and narratives to class 0n June 16 th </li></ul><ul><li>Compare and contrast your notes and narratives in style, focus, and format. </li></ul>
  12. 12. <ul><li>Please view the following websites for ethics discussion </li></ul><ul><li>http:// www.aaanet.org/committees/ethics/ethcode.htm </li></ul><ul><li>National Association of Social Workers’ (NASW) Code of Ethics </li></ul><ul><li>http:// www.socialworkers.org/pubs/code/code.asp </li></ul><ul><li>Indiana University of Pennsylvania’s Institutional Review Board (IRB) </li></ul><ul><li>http:// www.iup.edu/irb/default.aspx?linkidentifier = id&itemid =6587 </li></ul>
  13. 13. Ethnical guidelines <ul><li>Some ethical obligations include: </li></ul><ul><li>To avoid harm or wrong, understanding that the development of knowledge can lead to change which may be positive or negative for the people or animals worked with or studied </li></ul><ul><li>To respect the well-being of humans and nonhuman primates </li></ul><ul><li>To work for the long-term conservation of the archaeological, fossil, and historical records </li></ul><ul><li>To consult actively with the affected individuals or group(s), with the goal of establishing a working relationship that can be beneficial to all parties involved </li></ul>

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