interoperability: the value of recombinant potential

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an introduction to interoperability in the library space

an introduction to interoperability in the library space

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  • Welcome. My name is Jay Jordan and I am President and CEO of OCLC. I am joined today by Cathy De Rosa, Vice President of Corporate Marketing for OCLC. We are pleased to be able to discuss with you today a report that we recently completed for the OCLC Membership – The 2002 OCLC Environmental Scan – Pattern Recognition.

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  • 1. Interoperability: the value of recombinant potential Lorcan Dempsey VP Research and Chief Strategist ARLIS 2004, New York, April 2004
  • 2. Overview
    • MARC
    • MARC-XML, MODS, Dublin Core, Onix, IEEE LOM, VRA Core, …
    • EAD, TEI, DC, MARC
    • METS, SCORM, DIDL, …
    • DDI, FGDC, ...
    • MARC AMC, EAD, DC, RSLP, …
    • RDF, OWL, SKOS, …
    • NCIP, ISO-ILL, …
    • OAI, RSS, ATOM, …
    • OAIS, METS, OCLC/RLG, …
    • Z39.50, SRW/U, Xquery, …
    • SOAP, WSDL, UDDI, REST, …
    • GIF, TIFF, PNG, JPEG, …
    • XML, XSLT, …
    • DDC, LCSH, LCC, TGN, AAT, …
    • PURL, DOI, ISTC, URN, Info-URI, …
    • XRML,ODRL,…
    • GIF, TIFF, PNG, JPEG, …
  • 3. Interoperability as recombinant potential
    • Can I
      • navigate across several databases by subject, by name, by place, by resource type, by educational level?
      • add a document to a repository?
      • add a repository to a distributed query?
      • fuse metadata from one database with another?
      • assemble these resources into a learning package?
      • embed an interactive service in my exhibition, my reading list, my campus portal?
      • ingest a content package into an archive?
      • take a content package out of an archive in 10 years time?
      • cite a document in a repository?
      • bring resources into my own workspace?
    • With
      • as little custom work as possible
      • as little precoordinated agreement as possible
  • 4. Interoperability is an economic issue
    • Extract maximum value from investment in
      • Data (metadata and content)
      • Services
    • By ensuring that they are
      • Sharable
      • Reusable
      • Recombinable
  • 5. Interoperability is an economic issue
    • Allow users focus on productive use of learning and research resources rather than on the messy mechanics of interaction.
    • Allow resource managers develop routine approaches.
  • 6. user environments resource environment Library service environment Licensed collections New aggregations Virtual reference Institutional repository Digitized collections E-reserve Catalog Personal collections exhibitions PDAs learning management systems campus portal course material text book new scholarly resources reading lists
  • 7. Simple descriptive metadata FRBR INDECS CIDOC MARC21 DC VRA Core MODS AACR2 LCSH… Names XML ISO2709 RDF ‘ Element set’ Information model Encoding Values Application profile
  • 8. Simple Description Item Collections Item metadata Collection level metadata More simple Less simple Dublin Core RSLP OAI set record TEI VRA Core ONIX MARC 8 CSDGM
  • 9. A ‘portal’ example Common services Content services Application services Presentation services I need a few references
  • 10. Common services Content services Application services Presentation services authentication
  • 11. Common services Content services Application services Presentation services Directory: user profile
  • 12. Common services Content services Application services Presentation services Query broker
  • 13. Common services Content services Application services Presentation services Directory: service description
  • 14. Common services Content services Application services Presentation services Content: results list
  • 15. I’d like to get this book. Common services Content services Application services Presentation services Request broker
  • 16. Common services Content services Application services Presentation services Directory: ILL policy
  • 17. Common services Content services Application services Presentation services Directory: service description
  • 18. Common services Content services Application services Presentation services Content: circ/ILL system
  • 19. Application architecture I need this article too. Common services Content services Application services Presentation services Request broker
  • 20. Common services Content services Application services Presentation services openURL resolver
  • 21. Common services Content services Application services Presentation services Directory: local knowledge base
  • 22. Common services Content services Application services Presentation services Directory: service description
  • 23. Common services Content services Application services Presentation services Content: article
  • 24. Directory: ILL policy Common services Content services Application services Presentation services Authentication Directory: user profile Query broker Directory: service description Reference db Request broker Circ/ILL system OpenURL resolver Directory: local knowledge base Article db
  • 25. Some important areas
    • Item metadata
      • MARC
      • DC
      • IEEE-LOM
      • VRA-core
      • MODS
    • Content packages
      • SCORM
      • METS
      • MPEG 21 DIDL
    • Hierarchical description
      • EAD
    • Text markup
      • TEI
  • 26. Some important areas
    • Sharing data
      • OAI
      • RSS
    • Identifiers
    • Query
      • Z39.50
      • SRW/U
    • Reference linking
      • OpenURL
    • Controlled vocabs
      • Topics
      • Names
      • Places
  • 27. An institutional perspective
    • High acronymic density a source of bewilderment
    • Makers and takers
    • State of the art keeps receding over the horizon
    • Does balkanization leads to sub-optimal approaches?
  • 28. Thank you! Lorcan Dempsey [email_address]