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Accessibility, Inclusivity and MOOCs:
What Can BS 8878 Offer?
Brian Kelly
Innovation Advocate
Cetis
University of Bolton
B...
About Me
Brian Kelly:
• Innovation Advocate at Cetis, University of Bolton
• Was UK Web Focus at UKOLN, University of Bath...
The WAI Perspective
• xx
3
How
WCAG’s core principles
4
University Accessibility Policy
University accessibility policies are often linked to from all
corporate pages (e.g at htt...
University Accessibility Policy
University accessibility policies are often linked to from all
corporate pages (e.g at htt...
University Accessibility Policy
University accessibility policies are often linked to from all
corporate pages (e.g at htt...
In addition:
• Conformance is binary:
no notion of reasonable measures
• Is “just-in-case accessibility” always desirable?...
Content Must Be Understandable?
One of WCAG’s key principles:
“Content and controls must be understandable”
9
Which is the...
Content Must Be Understandable?
One of WCAG’s key principles:
“Content and controls must be understandable”
10
What does t...
Content Must Be Understandable?
One of WCAG’s key principles:
“Content and controls must be understandable”
11
What does t...
Teaching and Learning Challenges
Furthermore:
• Assumes accessibility is a function of the digital resource
• We have argu...
MOOCs: What Is To Be Done?
Policies and practices for accessibility of MOOCs is
needed.
What should be done?
• WCAG statem...
What Is Being Done?
Hyperlinked Library MOOC
14
What Is Being Done?
Hyperlinked Library MOOC
15
MOOC Resources
MOOC resources:
• Produced in-house, following in-house
production guidelines
• Found online and used based...
BS 8878
BS 8878:
• a framework that
allows definition of
the process
undertaken by
organisations to
build or procure an
op...
BS 8878
BS 8878:
• a framework that
allows definition of
the process
undertaken by
organisations to
build or procure an
op...
Further Information
Video & slides of
talk on "BS 8878
&the Holistic
Approaches to Web
Accessibility",
CETIS Accessibility...
Questions?
Any questions, comments, …?
20
This presentation, “Accessibility, Inclusivity and MOOCs: What
Can BS 8878 Offer?” by Brian Kelly, Cetis is licensed under...
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Accessibility, Inclusivity and MOOCs: What Can BS 8878 Offer?

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Slides for a talk on "Accessibility, Inclusivity and MOOCs: What Can BS 8878 Offer?" given by Brian Kelly, Cetis at an ILSIG Webinar on ‘MOOCs and Inclusive Practice’ held from 12.30-13.30 on 27 March 2014.

See http://ukwebfocus.wordpress.com/events/ilsig-2014-accessibility-inclusivity-and-moocs-what-can-bs-8878-offer/

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  • I’d welcome questions and comments. Note that I’ve published a blog post on which can be used for questions.Thank you.
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  • Transcript of "Accessibility, Inclusivity and MOOCs: What Can BS 8878 Offer?"

    1. 1. Accessibility, Inclusivity and MOOCs: What Can BS 8878 Offer? Brian Kelly Innovation Advocate Cetis University of Bolton Bolton, UK Contact Details Email: ukwebfocus@gmail.com Twitter: @briankelly Cetis Web site: http://www.cetis.ac.uk/ Blog: http://ukwebfocus.wordpress.com/ Slides and further information available at http://ukwebfocus.wordpress.com/events/ilsig-2014-accessibility- inclusivity-and-moocs-what-can-bs-8878-offer/
    2. 2. About Me Brian Kelly: • Innovation Advocate at Cetis, University of Bolton • Was UK Web Focus at UKOLN, University of Bath • Professional interests include web accessibility, web standards, social media, web preservation, … Selection of Web Accessibility publications: • Developing A Holistic Approach For E-Learning Accessibility, Kelly, B., Phipps, L. and Swift, E., 2004 • Holistic Approaches to E-Learning Accessibility, Phipps, L. and Kelly, B., 2006 • Accessibility 2.0: People, Policies and Processes, Kelly et al, 2007 • A Challenge to Web Accessibility Metrics and Guidelines: Putting People and Processes First, Cooper et al, 2012 Introduction 2
    3. 3. The WAI Perspective • xx 3
    4. 4. How WCAG’s core principles 4
    5. 5. University Accessibility Policy University accessibility policies are often linked to from all corporate pages (e.g at http://www.foo.ac.uk/accessibility) 5
    6. 6. University Accessibility Policy University accessibility policies are often linked to from all corporate pages (e.g at http://www.foo.ac.uk/accessibility) 6
    7. 7. University Accessibility Policy University accessibility policies are often linked to from all corporate pages (e.g at http://www.foo.ac.uk/accessibility) 7
    8. 8. In addition: • Conformance is binary: no notion of reasonable measures • Is “just-in-case accessibility” always desirable? • See limitations in “Forcing Standardization or Accommodating Diversity? A Framework for Applying the WCAG in the Real World” WCAG’s Limitations But WCAG approach has limitations: • Is dependent on browsers which conform with UAAG (what to do with legacy browsers?) • Is dependent on authoring tools which conform with ATAG • Needs to be applied to all formats (not just HTML) 8
    9. 9. Content Must Be Understandable? One of WCAG’s key principles: “Content and controls must be understandable” 9 Which is the cancerous cell?
    10. 10. Content Must Be Understandable? One of WCAG’s key principles: “Content and controls must be understandable” 10 What does this convey? Man against snow, Austrian Tirol 1974, reproduced with permission of the photographer: Professor Paul Hill
    11. 11. Content Must Be Understandable? One of WCAG’s key principles: “Content and controls must be understandable” 11 What does this convey? Man against snow, Austrian Tirol 1974, reproduced with permission of the photographer: Professor Paul Hill What does it man to “understand” a surrealist painting? The Great Masturbator, S. Dali
    12. 12. Teaching and Learning Challenges Furthermore: • Assumes accessibility is a function of the digital resource • We have argued “web accessibility is not an intrinsic characteristic of a digital resource but is determined by complex political, social and other contextual factors, as well as technical aspects which are the focus of WAI standardisation activities” 12 Kelly, Phipps and others (2004-2007): • Importance is accessibility of learning objectives, not learning resource • May be several alternatives, including real-world alternative • “Blended accessibility for blended learning”
    13. 13. MOOCs: What Is To Be Done? Policies and practices for accessibility of MOOCs is needed. What should be done? • WCAG statement: all resources on this MOOC conform with WCAG AA • WCAG aspiration: we will try to ensure that all resources on this MOOC conform with WCAG AA • Something else: But what? 13
    14. 14. What Is Being Done? Hyperlinked Library MOOC 14
    15. 15. What Is Being Done? Hyperlinked Library MOOC 15
    16. 16. MOOC Resources MOOC resources: • Produced in-house, following in-house production guidelines • Found online and used based on selection criteria 16
    17. 17. BS 8878 BS 8878: • a framework that allows definition of the process undertaken by organisations to build or procure an optimally accessible web site 17 What is to be done? • WCAG conformance statement • WCAG aspiration • Evaluate benefits which use of BS 8878 could provide?
    18. 18. BS 8878 BS 8878: • a framework that allows definition of the process undertaken by organisations to build or procure an optimally accessible web site 18 What is to be done? • WCAG conformance statement • WCAG aspiration • Evaluate benefits which use of BS 8878 could provide? Over to you to decide!
    19. 19. Further Information Video & slides of talk on "BS 8878 &the Holistic Approaches to Web Accessibility", CETIS Accessibility SIG, Feb 2011 19 I said: … still requires “conformance with WCAG 1.0”! http://www.ukoln.ac.uk/web-focus/events/meetings/cetis-accessibility-sig-2011-02/
    20. 20. Questions? Any questions, comments, …? 20
    21. 21. This presentation, “Accessibility, Inclusivity and MOOCs: What Can BS 8878 Offer?” by Brian Kelly, Cetis is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 Licence Note the licence covers most of the text in this presentation. Quotations may have other licence conditions. Images may have other licence conditions. Where possible links are provided to the source of images so that licence conditions can be found. 21 Slides and further information available at http://ukwebfocus.wordpress.com/events/ilsig-2014-accessibility- inclusivity-and-moocs-what-can-bs-8878-offer/ Licence and Additional Resources
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